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The Shia and the Sahaba."
Nauman bin Thabit, famously known as Imam Abu Hanifah, was not a pupil of
Imam Jafer Sadiq or Imam Mohammed Baqir in the sense that he did not attend
the schools in which the two Imams of the Ahlul Bayat taught.
However, it is widely acknowledged by Sunni scholars that Abu Hanifa during
his visits to Medinah did visit Imam Mohammed Baqir and gained knowledge
from him. The question that whether he gained any knowledge from Imam Jafer
Sadiq or not, was first notably made controversial by
Imam Ibn Tamiyya who was an absolute anti-Shia. Curiously, Ibne Tammiya also
argued that since Abu Hanifa and Jafer Sadiq were almost of the same age,
therefore, in his opinion, it was most unlikely that Abu Hanifa gained any
knowledge from Jafer Sadiq.
The great Indian Sunni Muslim Scholar Maulana Shibli Naumani has commented
on the question of Abu Hanifa's teachers in his famous book 'Nauman Bin
Thabit al-Imam Abu Hanifa'. Maulana Shibli Naumani says: "Imam Ibne
Tamiyya's assertion that Imam Abu Hanifa could not have gained knowledge
from Imam Jafer Sadiq is impudence.No matter how great a Mujtahid and Fiqii
Imam Abu Hanifa may have been,what comparison does he have with Imam Jafer
Sadiq. Comparing the two would be similar to compare a candle i.e.Abu Hanifa
to the sun i.e. Jafer Sadiq. Imam Jafer Sadiq is from that House from where
the seas of knowledge flow".
The political beliefs of Abu Hanifa firmly indicate that he supported the
descendants of the Holy Prophet. When Zaid Bin Ali Zain ul Abideen Bin
Hussain Bin Ali Ibn Abi Talib rose against the Ummyad rule, Abu Hanifa not
only supported Zaid but also issued a fatwa that to fight alongside Zaid
against the Ummyads was similar to fight alongside the Prophet in Badr.
Later, when Nafs-e-Zakia and other descendants of Hasan Bin Ali Ibn Abi
Talib attempted to topple the Abbassids, again Abu Hanifa fully supported
the descendants of Hasan in their attempt to overthrow the Abbassids. After
supporting the opponents of the Abbassids, how could have Abu Hanifa
accepted the post of chief justice and compromised his earlier stance. He
realized that the post was offered to him only to show his followers that he
was with the Abbassid Government and that he had recanted his previous view
about them. However, Abu Hanifa was a man of great integrity, instead of
accepting the luxury of the office of chief justice, he chose jail and
It is obviously clear that Abu Hanifa was fully aware of the central
position of the Prophet's descendants in the framwork of Islam. He must have
therefore, also been aware of the extent of the depth and width of Jafer
Sadiq's knowledge on the Quran and other Islamic issues because Jafer Sadiq
was the custodian of the 'ilm' of the House of the Prophet. It is logical
that Abu Hanifa must have sought to acquire 'ilm'from Jafer Sadiq.
As far as the Hanfi
of thought is concerned, the real architect of this School was Abu Hanifa's
pupil Imam Abu Yousaf. Abu Yousaf accepted the post of chief justce which
his mentor and teacher had rejected. It is obvous that Abu Yousaf was a
loyal employee of the Abbassid Government. The Abbassids had come to power
on the promise that they would avenge the martyrdom of Hussain Bin Ali and
restore the Caliphate to the descendants of the Prophet. After coming into
power, they negated on their earlier pledge and thus lost the support of the
Shia. To counter the Shia School of Thought, the Abbassids first tried to
use Abu Hanifa and when they failed in that, they successfully used Abu
Yousaf. Abu Yousaf's ideas were supported by the government's might,
treasury and propaganda machinery and thus, were made the popular religion
of the Ummah.
I AM HIS MASTER, ALI IS HIS MASTER. O
God! Love those who love him. Be hostile
to those who are hostile to him. Hate
those who hate him. Help those who help
him. And keep the truth with him
wherever he turns." (repeating this
paragraph three times).