Imam Hassan Askari (as), a brief look into his Life
Kuniyya: Abu Muhammad.
Birth: 10th Rabi-ul Aakher 232 a.h. in Madina.
Mother: Bibi Sulail (or Hudaitha).
Father: Imam Ali un Naqi (a.s.)
Death: 8th Rabi-ul Awwal 260 a.h. in Saamarra
Buried: In Saamarra.
Birth & Childhood
When he was born his father said that it was an order from the prophet
s.a.w. that he should be named Hasan. It was so well known that the last
Imams father would be called Hasan that people had previously looked for the
12th Imam amongst the sons of Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a.s.)
His mother was Sulail (or Hudaitha) who was a slave of the 10th Imam whom he
had freed and subsequently married. The 10th Imam said of her
that she was one who was free from all vice and pollution and that she was
one of the righteous ones. After the 11th Imam's martyrdom he left all the
"orders" of Imamate with her (his mother).
Once when Imam Hasan Al-Askery (A.S.) was a young child he fell into a well
near their house. His father Imam Ali An-Naqi (A.S.) was praying and didn't
even notice the commotion around him of the ladies crying. When he finished
praying and asked what had happened, he was told. He went towards the well.
The water rose and all saw the 11th Imam sitting peacefully on the water and
Bahlool once saw the young Imam crying in the street where all the other
children were busy playing with their toys. He asked whether Imam was crying
because he had no toys to play with. Imam replied: "We have not been created
to play!" Bahlool asked where he had learnt his from and the Imam said :
"Have you not read the Qur'an where it says - "Do you think we have created
you in vain and that you will not be returned to us". When Bahlool heard
this he asked Imam for some advice. Imam talked about death, barzakh and
qiyama and cried so much, he fainted. When he came to, Bahlool asked him why
he was so fearful as he was not even baligh yet. Imam said: "I have watched
my mother light a fire; she uses the little twigs to get the big pieces of
wood to burn; I fear that on qiyama Allah too will use little ones to light
the big ones.
The 10th and 11th Imamayn were both called Al-Askery as they lived in an
area of Samarra called Askery.
Another reason that the 11th Imam was called Askery is said to be that once
Mutawakkil wanted to show the Imam the strength of his army of 90,000 men and so he asked his men to fill their
sacks with sand and pile all the sacks up. He then showed Imam this mountain
of sacks. Imam asked Mutawakkil, to look through his (Imam's) two fingers,
where he saw a an army of armed Angels. Imam told him that they were at his
disposal but he would not use them. (An army is called Askery).
Life & Works
Ahmed Bin Ishaq relates that when he heard of the death of the 10th Imam he
went to Samarra and asked for the whereabouts of the 11th Imam. He was told
that Imam had been imprisoned by Mo'taz Billah. After bribing the guards he
was able to visit Imam one night. He described the prison as a tunnel under
the Khalifa's home where there was no space to stretch ones legs nor room to
be able to stand. Ahmed says he cried when he saw Imams condition. Food was
only one glass of water and a piece of dry bread a day.
He was imprisoned because all the rulers knew of the justice that was
promised to come with the coming of the 12th Imam and they wished to prevent
anyone being born of the 11th Imam.
Whilst in prison he told his companions to accumulate all the masails of
Fiqh and he completed the masails on the chapters that were found missing.
He introduced the institution of "Taqleed" advising people to follow those
who were learned, "Muttaqi", and just, as he was in prison and it was
extremely difficult for people to meet him. Khums was collected through his
representative and masails too asked to him, Abu-Ja'fer Uthman bin Saeed,
who was later to become the representative of the 12th Imam.
There was once a severe drought in Samarra and a Christian priest came who
whenever he raised his hands caused rain to fall from the heavens. The
Muslims faith started wavering and the Khalifa Mo'taz Billah got worried for
if they left Islam he would have none to rule over. He went to the 11th Imam
saying that Imam's grandfathers religion was in trouble. Imam asked him to
call all the people outside Samarra with the Christian priest. He asked the
Christian priest to pray for rain. When he raised his hands to pray it
started to rain. Imam asked for whatever was in this hands to be taken away
and then asked him to pray for rain again. There was no rain this time. Imam
showed that what the priest had in this hand was the bone of a Prophet which
whenever placed under the open sky caused it to rain.
Imam then prayed for rain and it rained. Mo'taz could not re imprison Imam
for some time for when the people saw the miracle they all wanted to visit
Imam and asked where they might find him. Imam pointed to the Khalifa and
asked them to ask him. Mo'taz told them that Imam was staying at the house
where the 10th Imam used to reside.
Bibi Nargis was there and it was in that year that the 12th Imam was born.
Imam was allowed out of prison for 13 months after which he was rearrested.
In the six years of his Imamate several attempts were made on his life. On
the 1st of Rabi-ul Awwal 260 a.h.Mo'tamad arranged for Imam to be poisoned in prison and then sent him home. Imam was
in great pain and difficulty for 8 days. On the 8th of Rabi-ul Awwal he
asked his son, the 12th Imam, to bring him some water and then leave him. He
died that day and was given ghusl & kafan by his son, the 12th Imam.
The funeral prayers were led by the 12th Imam and it was then that a lot of
Shia's saw him for the first time. A large number of people attended the
funeral and he is buried in Samarra.
The 11th Imam was once asked of the signs of a mo'min (believer).He listed
the following signs.
He is one prays 51 rakaats of salaa daily.
He prostates on Khake Shafaa.
He wears rings on his right hand.
He repeats the verses of Azhan & Ikama.
He recites "Bismillah" loudly in Salaa.
He prays his Fajr Salaa before the stars disappear and his Dhuhr
prayers before the sun starts to decline.
He recite Qunoot in Salaa.
He dyes his hair and beard.
He recites 5 takbirs in Salatul Mayyit.