TWO MAIN GROUPS OF SAHABA

 
 

 

 

Two Groups During Holy Prophet (saw)

 

 

Since the era of Prophet Muhammad (saw) and after his death, were two types of groups of companions. The first group followed the Prophet (saw) every words or actions without any objection of any kind; they are one with a desire to follow Quran and Ahlel Bait.

 

The second group resisted, objected and opposed many of Prophets (saw) commands, sayings and his actions on several occasion.  They even tried to find faults with him and did not show respect which was eligible for the Prophet (saw). They only desire to follow Quran and they were trying to do all sorts of conspiracy and wanted Ahlel Bait not to reach the office of leading the ummah. They showed aggression and hostility toward Ahlel Bait

 

 

Quranic verses and traditions regarding these two groups

 

First Group

 

Let us begin with this first group of companions. Looking at the Quran, we will always find those who believe and accept to follow the message of the prophets and apostles, their numbers are few, and those against them, their numbers are many. Let us take examples from several verses in the Quran.

 

[Shakir 69:41] And it is not the word of a poet; little is it that you believe;

 

 

[Shakir 11:40] …. And there believed not with him but a few.

 

[Shakir 2:88] And they say: Our hearts are covered. Nay, Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief; so little it is that they believe.

 

[Shakir 34:13] … and very few of My servants are grateful.

 

 

For this reason you will find many verses in the Quran in praise of companions do not necessary mean praising all of companions but only some of them! We will always find in the Quran when describing or mentioning companions it use these particular words such as "from, one, some, etc." and in Arabic is "Kunal, minhum, baadh". This indicates and shows that not all companions are intended. Let us take two examples

 

[Shakir 9:100] And (as for) the foremost, the first of the Muhajirs and the Ansars, and those who followed them in goodness, Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them for ever; that is the mighty achievement.

 

100. Waalssabiqoona al-awwaloona MINA AL muhajireena waal-ansari waallatheena ittabaAAoohum bi-ihsanin radiya Allahu AAanhum waradoo AAanhu waaAAadda lahum jannatin tajree tahtaha al-anharu khalideena feeha abadan thalika alfawzu alAAatheemu. At Tawba 100

 

This verse deals with a total of Mohajirin and Ansar, but the word of " MINAL" it make different. Here we know that not all of them but from among the Ansar and Mohajirin will find them those who are the “FOREMOST" and those who “FOLLOWS THE RIGHT” those whom Allah has prepared Gardens. So here clearly understood not all in Mohajirin and the Ansar have been prepared Gardens for them. Let us continue with the second verse,

 

29. Muhammadun rasoolu Allahi waallatheena maAAahu ashiddao AAala alkuffari ruhamao baynahum tarahum rukkaAAan sujjadan yabtaghoona fadlan mina Allahi waridwanan seemahum fee wujoohihim min athari alssujoodi thalika mathaluhum fee alttawrati wamathaluhum fee al-injeeli kazarAAin akhraja shat-ahu faazarahu faistaghlatha faistawa AAala sooqihi yuAAjibu alzzurraAAa liyagheetha bihimu alkuffara waAAada Allahu allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihati MINHUM maghfiratan waajran AAatheeman

 

[Shakir 48:29] Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves; you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description in the Taurat and their description in the Injeel; like as seed-produce that puts forth its sprout, then strengthens it, so it becomes stout and stands firmly on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the unbelievers on account of them; Allah has promised those among them who believe and do good, forgiveness and a great reward.

 

Here you will find in this verse that Allah has used the word "MINHUM" He has not used "KULUHUM" show that not all the companions will have a great reward. But worth noting we also have found some verses which show that those who believe and grateful are few in number like above two examples.

 

 

Second Group

 

 

Now let us come to this second group of those who are against the Prophet (saw) and did not show eligible respect for the Prophet (saw). It is wise first to give preference to Allah and listen to what he says about this second group.

 

Let’s take a look at a verse from the Holy Quran shall we!

 

[Shakir 48:18] Certainly Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquillity on them and rewarded them with a near victory,

 

The above verse does not say ‘Allah was pleased with those who gave allegiance to you’ the verse is for the believers and those who remained as believers for a certain time. Because the above verse says ‘when they gave allegiance’.

 

It becomes obvious does it not that those who have done bay’ah should not break it. If the so called “companions” who were apparently immune from breaking bay’ah did not do so then what purpose does the above verse serve? If that is not enough then perhaps the preceding verse to the above should be quoted;

 

[Shakir 48:10] Surely those who swear allegiance to you do but swear allegiance to Allah; the hand of Allah is above their hands. Therefore whoever breaks (his faith), he breaks it only to the injury of his own soul, and whoever fulfills what he has covenanted with Allah, He will grant him a mighty reward.

 

The Holy Quran it self is a witness that when the battle of Hunayn happened almost all of the “Sahabah” broke the bay’ah two years after they had declared it!

 

[Shakir 9:25] Certainly Allah helped you in many battlefields and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you vain, but they availed you nothing and the earth became strait to you notwithstanding its spaciousness, then you turned back retreating.

 

Fleeing from the battlefield broke their allegiance did it not? And worst it not only broke their allegiance they too counted as wicked and eligible the wrath of Allah.

 

[Shakir 8:15] O you who believe! when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them.
[Shakir 8:16] And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day-- unless he turn aside for the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company-- then he, indeed, becomes deserving of Allah's wrath, and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall it be.

 

[Shakir 9:56] And they swear by Allah that they are most surely of you, and they are not of you, but they are a people who are afraid (of you).
[Shakir 9:57] If they could find a refuge or cave or a place to enter into, they would certainly have turned thereto, running away in all haste.

 

Here the BELIEVERS COMPANIONS ARE TOLD NOT TO FLEE IN THE BATTLEFIELD AND IF THEY FLEE THEN THEY ARE COUNTED AS WICKED AND ELIGIBLE THE WRATH OF ALLAH. In other words those who fled that battlefield lost the the title of a “believer”, the real believers are those who remained behind with the Prophet (saw).

 

The Prophet (saw) said, "Itakku sab'a al'muwabikaat" shuns the seven things which lead to the destruction, then he mentioned one of the things is to flee and run in arena of Jihad. (This story is Muttafaqun alayh Bukhari and Muslim). Ask yourselves this, can those who fled really be counted amongst the good news of Allah’s pleasure? – I don’t think so.

 

Look at the books of history and traditions which clearly say that 10 thousand companions participated in the battle of Hunayn including those who did bay’ah under the tree! Each and every one of them ran away with the exception of seven to eight, three of them were from the Banu Hashim.

 

1. The Commander of the Faithful Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S)
2. Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib
3. Abu Sufyan ibn al Harith ibn Abdul Muttalib

4. Abdullah ibn Mas’ud

5. Al-Fadh'lu,

6. Rabia't,

7. Usamah Bin Zayd,

8. Ubaydah Bin Ummu Ayman

 

You can refer to Tarikh al-Khamis Vol 2 Page 113, and also As – Sirah Al – Halabiyah Vol 3 Page 225 if you want to verify this. In an attempt not to be a tyrant I will say that other traditions mention Aqil ibn Abi Talib, Zubayr ibn al Awwam, and also Abdullah ibn Zubayr ibn Abdul Muttalib to have remained behind as well.

 

This group did not only fled from the battlefield but they too resisted, objected and opposed many of Prophets (saw) commands, sayings and his actions on several occasion.  

 

[Shakir 4:65] But no! by your Lord! they do not believe (in reality) until they make you a judge of that which has become a matter of disagreement among them, and then do not find any straitness in their hearts as to what you have decided and submit with entire submission.

 

Here ALLAH HAS PLEDGED THAT THE COMPANION WILL NOT BELIEVE until they make Prophet Muhammad (saw) a judge in a matter of their disagreement and then do not find any straitness in their heart from the decision made by the Prophet (saw)​​. But in practice, which we will read more later in the coming chapters of what then they did with the Prophet (PBUH) during his life and after his death, which proves this pledge of Allah that they those OTHER GROUP OF COMPANION HAD NOT MADE AND TREATED THE PROPHET (SAW) AS THEIR DECISION MAKER and their hearts were heavy to accept the decisions and rulings from the Prophet (saw). The next verse reveal the deception of the other group of companion.

 

[Shakir 9:43] Allah pardon you! Why did you give them leave until those who spoke the truth had become manifest to you and you had known the liars?

 

Here the Prophet (saw) has been told of those he had given permission are liars. Here the subject mentioned are the Muslims (who are companions) and not Qureish! Therefore Quran admit that during the Prophet (saw) there were other group of companion who were liars. If we dig further we will discover that the Quran reveal that they were not only liars  they were also among the companion hypocrites.

 

[Shakir 9:101] And from among those who are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and FROM AMONG THE PEOPLE OF MEDINA (also); they are STUBBORN IN HYPOCRISY; YOU DO NOT KNOW THEM; We know them; We will chastise them twice then shall they be turned back to a grievous chastisement

 

Here in the Quran Allah clearly tells us among the companions, there were hypocrites who were eligible to heavy punishment. And Quran explain that Allah did not reveal those hypocrites to Prophet (saw)! This verse was not written by the supporters of Ahlel Bayt, but Allah Himself.

 

We have already went through the Quranic verses and see how these most of the companions did not consider and make the Prophet (saw) as their entirely source of decision maker and find in their own hearts difficult and heavy to accept the commands and ruling from the Prophet (saw). If we refer on the books of traditions (hadith) we find similar statements from the Prophet (saw). For now I will provide few traditions, more traditions and information will be given in my other articles.

 

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 488:

Narrated Al-Musaiyab:

 

I met Al-Bara bin 'Azib and said (to him). "May you live prosperously! You

enjoyed the company of the Prophet and gave him the Pledge of allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) under the Tree." On that, Al-Bara' said, "O my nephew! You DO NOT KNOW WHAT WE HAVE DONE AFTER HIM (i.e. his death)."

 

 

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 264:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

 

The Prophet delivered a sermon and said, "You (people) will be gathered before Allah (on the Day of Resurrection) bare-footed, naked and uncircumcised." (The Prophet then recited):-- 'As We began the first creation We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise We have undertaken and truly We shall do it.' and added, "The first man who will be dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be Abraham. Lo! Some men from my followers will be brought and taken towards the left side, whereupon I will say, 'O Lord, (these are) MY COMPANIONS !' It will be said, 'YOU DO NOT KNOW WHAT NEW things they introduced (into the religion) after you.' I will then say as the righteous pious slave, Jesus, said, 'I was a witness over them while I dwelt among them...(to His Statement)..and You are the Witness to all things.' (5.117) Then it will be said, '(O Muhammad) These PEOPLE NEVER STOPPED APOSTATE SINCE YOU LEFT THEM."

 

 

Volume 8, Book 76, Number 585:

Narrated Abu Hazim from Sahl bin Sa'd:

 

The Prophet said, "I am your predecessor (forerunner) at the Lake-Fount, and whoever will pass by there, he will drink from it and whoever will drink from it, he will never be thirsty. There will come to me some people whom I will recognize, and they will recognize me, but a barrier will be placed between me and them." Abu Hazim added: An-Nu'man bin Abi 'Aiyash, on hearing me, said. "Did you hear this from Sahl?" I said, "Yes." He said, " I bear witness that I heard Abu Said Al-Khudri saying the same, adding that the Prophet said: 'I will say: They are of me (i.e. my followers). It will be said, 'You do not know what they innovated (new things) in the religion after you left'. I will say, 'Far removed, far removed (from mercy), those who

changed (their religion) after me." Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) MY COMPANIONS !' It will be said, 'You HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate AS RENEGADES (REVERTED FROM ISLAM)."

 

 

Volume 8, Book 76, Number 587:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

 

The Prophet said, "While I was sleeping, a group (of my followers were brought close to me), and when I recognized them, a man (an angel) came out from amongst (us) me and them, he said (to them), 'Come along.' I asked, 'Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah' I asked, 'what is wrong with them' He said, 'They turned apostate as renegades after you left.' Then behold! (Another) group (of my followers) were brought close to me, and when I recognized them, a man (an angel) came out from (me and them) he said (to them); Come along.' I asked, "Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah.' I asked, What is wrong with them?' He said, 'They turned APOSTATE AS RENEGADES AFTER YOU LEFT. So I did not see anyone of them escaping except a few who were like camels without a shepherd."

 

From the above traditions (hadith) we see that there were companions who went contrary to the teachings of the Prophet (saw) and other became (MURTAD) APOSTATE! These are the words of the Prophet (saw) - not brought up by the supporters Ahlel Bayt. And if you read the traditions properly you will see that the Prophet (saw) will be amazed and complaining that his companions WERE BEING SENT TO THE HELL FIRE! Compare these traditions with the verse from the Quran "Wa min man haula kum",

 

[Shakir 9:101] And from among those who are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites.

 

Similar we should not forget that those who wanted to kill the Prophet (saw), especially the cases of Aqaba were the companions of the Prophet (saw)!

 

 

AQABA AFFAIR AND DESIGN TO KILL HOLY PROPHET

 

The great ulema of both sects have written that on Muhammad's way back from the Tabuk expedition, fourteen hypocrites conspired to kill him. The plan was to push him from his camel into a precipice as he rode by night over al-Aqaba, a narrow passage through which only one man could pass. When they tried to execute their design, the Angel Gabriel informed the Holy Prophet of it. The Holy Prophet sent Hudhaifa Nakha'i to hide behind a hill. When the conspirators arrived and talked together, he recognized them all. Of them seven belonged to the Umayyads. Hudhaifa came to the Holy Prophet and named all of them. The Holy Prophet ordered him to keep the plot secret and said that Allah was their guard. In the early part of the night, the Holy Prophet began the journey, followed by his army. Ammar-e-Yasir led the camel from the front and Hudhaifa drove it from behind. When they reached the narrow passage, the hypocrites threw their leather bags full of sand (or their oil-cans) before the camel making a huge noise, hoping that the frightened animal would throw the Holy Prophet down the steep cliff. But Allah Almighty protected him and the conspirators fled away in the crowd.

 

Please refer to Dala'ilu'n-Nabuwat compiled by Hafiz Abu Bakr Ahmad Bin Husain Baihaqi Shafi'i, who is one of your eminent scholars and jurists. He has recorded the story of Batn-e-Aqaba with an authentic chain of narrators; and also Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal, towards the end of vol. 5 of his Musnad, reports from Abu Tufail; Mohaddis Shirazee in his 'Roozatul Ahbab; Sheikh Abdul Haq, Mohaqqiq and Mohaddis Dehlavi in 'Asma-ur Rijal; Ahmad bin Hussain Al-Baihaqi; Mulla Jami in 'Shawahidun Nabuwwat; Fakhruddin Razi in 'Tafsir Kabir'; Mulla Moin in 'Maarjun Nubuwwat' page 201 and Ibn Abi'l-Hadid writes in his Sharhe Nahju'l-Balagha, and it is known to all the ulema, that the Holy Prophet on that night cursed a group of the companions.

 

Durr Manthur, Tarikh Khamis, Rawdzat al-Ahbab

 

We have been able to understand that during the era of the Prophet (saw) there were two type of groups, the first is of those few companions who followed the Prophet (saw) all what he had been saying without any kind of obstacle and their faith was of a higher grade. And the second ones are those who used to find it heavy and difficult to following judgments of the Prophet (saw), demonstrate their objections to him, finding mistakes and errors on the person of the Prophet (saw) and even attempted to kill him. And the second group has been making up opposition to the teachings of Prophet (saw) and apostate after his death.

 


 "WHOEVER I AM HIS MASTER, ALI IS HIS MASTER. O God! Love those who love him. Be hostile to those who are hostile to him. Hate those who hate him. Help those who help him. And keep the truth with him wherever he turns." (repeating this paragraph three times). 

 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

DURING PROPHET (SAW)

Assassination of the Prophet
   

AFTER PROPHET (SAW) DEATH

Abu Baker Group Against Ali
 Abu Baker Group against Fatimah
Ahlelbait against Abu Baker group
   
 

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم