Two Groups During Holy
Since the era of Prophet
Muhammad (saw) and after his death, were two types of groups of companions. The
first group followed the Prophet (saw) every words or actions without any
objection of any kind; they are one with a desire to follow Quran and Ahlel
The second group resisted,
objected and opposed many of Prophets (saw) commands, sayings and his actions on
several occasion. They even tried to find faults with him and did not show
respect which was eligible for the Prophet (saw). They only desire to follow
Quran and they were trying to do all sorts of conspiracy and wanted Ahlel Bait
not to reach the office of leading the ummah. They showed aggression and
hostility toward Ahlel Bait
and traditions regarding these two groups
Let us begin with this
first group of companions. Looking at the Quran, we will always find those who
believe and accept to follow the message of the prophets and apostles, their
numbers are few, and those against them, their numbers are many. Let us take
examples from several verses in the Quran.
And it is not the
word of a poet; little is it that you believe;
…. And there believed not with him but a few.
And they say: Our hearts are covered. Nay, Allah has cursed them on account of
their unbelief; so little it is that they believe.
… and very few of My servants are grateful.
For this reason you will
find many verses in the Quran in praise of companions do not necessary mean
praising all of companions but only some of them! We will always find in the
Quran when describing or mentioning companions it use these particular words
such as "from, one, some, etc." and in Arabic is "Kunal, minhum, baadh". This
indicates and shows that not all companions are intended. Let us take two
And (as for) the foremost,
the first of the Muhajirs and the Ansars, and those who followed them in
goodness, Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him,
and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them
for ever; that is the mighty achievement.
al-awwaloona MINA AL muhajireena
waal-ansari waallatheena ittabaAAoohum bi-ihsanin
radiya Allahu AAanhum waradoo AAanhu waaAAadda lahum jannatin
tajree tahtaha al-anharu khalideena feeha
abadan thalika alfawzu alAAatheemu. At Tawba 100
This verse deals with a total of Mohajirin and
Ansar, but the word of " MINAL" it make different. Here we know that not all of
them but from among the Ansar and Mohajirin will find them those who are the
“FOREMOST" and those who “FOLLOWS THE RIGHT” those whom Allah has prepared
Gardens. So here clearly understood not all in Mohajirin and the Ansar have been
prepared Gardens for them. Let us continue with the second verse,
29. Muhammadun rasoolu
Allahi waallatheena maAAahu ashiddao AAala alkuffari ruhamao baynahum tarahum
rukkaAAan sujjadan yabtaghoona fadlan mina Allahi waridwanan seemahum fee
wujoohihim min athari alssujoodi thalika mathaluhum fee alttawrati wamathaluhum
fee al-injeeli kazarAAin akhraja shat-ahu faazarahu faistaghlatha faistawa AAala
sooqihi yuAAjibu alzzurraAAa liyagheetha bihimu alkuffara waAAada Allahu
allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihati MINHUM
maghfiratan waajran AAatheeman
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against
the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves; you will see them bowing down,
prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are
in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description
in the Taurat and their description in the Injeel; like as seed-produce that
puts forth its sprout, then strengthens it, so it becomes stout and stands
firmly on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the unbelievers on
account of them; Allah has promised those among them
who believe and do good, forgiveness and a great reward.
Here you will find in this verse that Allah has
used the word "MINHUM" He has not used "KULUHUM" show that not all the
companions will have a great reward. But worth noting we also have found some
verses which show that those who believe and grateful are few in number like
above two examples.
let us come to
this second group
of those who
are against the Prophet
(saw) and did not show
eligible respect for the Prophet
(saw). It is wise first to
give preference to Allah and
listen to what he
this second group.
Let’s take a look at a verse from
the Holy Quran shall we!
Certainly Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance
to you under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down
tranquillity on them and rewarded them with a near victory,
The above verse does not say
‘Allah was pleased with those who gave allegiance to you’ the verse is for the
believers and those who remained as believers for a certain time. Because the
above verse says ‘when they gave allegiance’.
It becomes obvious does it not
that those who have done bay’ah should not break it. If the so called
“companions” who were apparently immune from breaking bay’ah did not do so then
what purpose does the above verse serve? If that is not enough then perhaps the
preceding verse to the above should be quoted;
Surely those who swear
allegiance to you do but swear allegiance to Allah; the hand of Allah is above
their hands. Therefore whoever breaks (his faith), he breaks it only to the
injury of his own soul, and whoever fulfills what he has covenanted with Allah,
He will grant him a mighty reward.
The Holy Quran it self is a
witness that when the battle of Hunayn happened almost all of the “Sahabah”
broke the bay’ah two years after they had declared it!
Certainly Allah helped you
in many battlefields and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you
vain, but they availed you nothing and the earth became strait to you
notwithstanding its spaciousness, then you turned back retreating.
Fleeing from the battlefield
broke their allegiance did it not? And worst it not only broke their allegiance
they too counted as wicked and eligible the wrath of Allah.
O you who believe! when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then
turn not your backs to them.
And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day-- unless he turn aside for
the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company-- then he, indeed, becomes
deserving of Allah's wrath, and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall
And they swear by Allah that they are most surely of you, and they are not of
you, but they are a people who are afraid (of you).
If they could find a refuge or cave or a place to enter into, they would
certainly have turned thereto, running away in all haste.
COMPANIONS ARE TOLD NOT TO FLEE IN THE BATTLEFIELD AND IF THEY FLEE THEN THEY
ARE COUNTED AS WICKED AND ELIGIBLE THE WRATH OF ALLAH.
In other words those who fled that battlefield lost the the title of a
“believer”, the real believers are those who remained behind with the Prophet
The Prophet (saw)
things which lead to the destruction,
Ask yourselves this, can those who fled really
be counted amongst the good news of Allah’s pleasure? – I don’t think so.
Look at the books of history and
traditions which clearly say that 10 thousand companions participated in the
battle of Hunayn including those who did bay’ah under the tree! Each and every
one of them ran away with the exception of seven to eight, three of them were
from the Banu Hashim.
1. The Commander of the Faithful
Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S)
2. Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib
3. Abu Sufyan ibn al Harith ibn Abdul Muttalib
4. Abdullah ibn Mas’ud
7. Usamah Bin Zayd,
8. Ubaydah Bin Ummu Ayman
You can refer to Tarikh al-Khamis
Vol 2 Page 113, and also As – Sirah Al – Halabiyah Vol 3 Page 225 if you want to
verify this. In an attempt not to be a tyrant I will say that other traditions
mention Aqil ibn Abi Talib, Zubayr ibn al Awwam, and also Abdullah ibn Zubayr
ibn Abdul Muttalib to have remained behind as well.
This group did not only fled from
the battlefield but they too resisted, objected and opposed
many of Prophets (saw) commands, sayings and his actions on several occasion.
But no! by your Lord! they
do not believe (in reality) until they make you a judge of that which has become
a matter of disagreement among them, and then do not find any straitness in
their hearts as to what you have decided and submit with entire submission.
they make Prophet Muhammad (saw) a judge in a matter of their
disagreement and then do not find any straitness in their heart from the
decision made by the Prophet (saw).
which we will read more later in the coming chapters of what then they
did with the Prophet (PBUH) during
after his death, which proves
this pledge of Allah that they those OTHER GROUP
OF COMPANION HAD NOT MADE AND TREATED THE PROPHET (SAW) AS THEIR DECISION MAKER
were heavy to accept the decisions and rulings from the Prophet (saw). The next
verse reveal the deception of the other group of companion.
Allah pardon you! Why did
you give them leave until those who spoke the truth had become manifest to you
and you had known the liars?
those he had given
Therefore Quran admit that during the Prophet (saw) there were other group of
companion who were liars.
If we dig further we will discover that the Quran reveal that they were not only
liars they were also among the companion hypocrites.
And from among those who
are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and
FROM AMONG THE PEOPLE OF MEDINA (also); they are STUBBORN IN HYPOCRISY; YOU DO
NOT KNOW THEM; We know them; We will chastise them twice then shall they be
turned back to a grievous chastisement
were hypocrites who were
And Quran explain that
reveal those hypocrites to
was not written by the supporters
We have already went
consider and make
their entirely source of decision maker and find in
difficult and heavy to accept the commands and ruling
the Prophet (saw).
If we refer
similar statements from the Prophet (saw).
traditions and information will be given in my other articles.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 488:
I met Al-Bara bin 'Azib and said
(to him). "May you live prosperously! You
enjoyed the company of the Prophet
and gave him the Pledge of allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) under the Tree." On
that, Al-Bara' said, "O my nephew! You DO NOT KNOW WHAT WE HAVE DONE AFTER
HIM (i.e. his death)."
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 264:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet delivered a sermon and
said, "You (people) will be gathered before Allah (on the Day of Resurrection)
bare-footed, naked and uncircumcised." (The Prophet then recited):-- 'As We
began the first creation We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise We have
undertaken and truly We shall do it.' and added, "The first man who will be
dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be Abraham. Lo! Some men from my
followers will be brought and taken towards the left side, whereupon I will say,
'O Lord, (these are) MY COMPANIONS !' It will be said, 'YOU DO NOT
KNOW WHAT NEW things they introduced (into the religion) after you.' I will
then say as the righteous pious slave, Jesus, said, 'I was a witness over them
while I dwelt among them...(to His Statement)..and You are the Witness to all
things.' (5.117) Then it will be said, '(O Muhammad) These PEOPLE NEVER
STOPPED APOSTATE SINCE YOU LEFT THEM."
Volume 8, Book 76, Number 585:
Narrated Abu Hazim from Sahl bin
The Prophet said, "I am your
predecessor (forerunner) at the Lake-Fount, and whoever will pass by there, he
will drink from it and whoever will drink from it, he will never be thirsty.
There will come to me some people whom I will recognize, and they will recognize
me, but a barrier will be placed between me and them." Abu Hazim added: An-Nu'man
bin Abi 'Aiyash, on hearing me, said. "Did you hear this from Sahl?" I said,
"Yes." He said, " I bear witness that I heard Abu Said Al-Khudri saying the
same, adding that the Prophet said: 'I will say: They are of me (i.e. my
followers). It will be said, 'You do not know what they innovated (new things)
in the religion after you left'. I will say, 'Far removed, far removed (from
mercy), those who
changed (their religion) after
me." Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection a
group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the
Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) MY COMPANIONS !' It will be
said, 'You HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE as to what they innovated after you left; they
turned apostate AS RENEGADES (REVERTED FROM ISLAM)."
Volume 8, Book 76, Number 587:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "While I was
sleeping, a group (of my followers were brought close to me), and when I
recognized them, a man (an angel) came out from amongst (us) me and them, he
said (to them), 'Come along.' I asked, 'Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by
Allah' I asked, 'what is wrong with them' He said, 'They turned apostate as
renegades after you left.' Then behold! (Another) group (of my followers) were
brought close to me, and when I recognized them, a man (an angel) came out from
(me and them) he said (to them); Come along.' I asked, "Where?' He said, 'To the
(Hell) Fire, by Allah.' I asked, What is wrong with them?' He said, 'They
turned APOSTATE AS RENEGADES AFTER YOU LEFT. So I did not see anyone of them
escaping except a few who were like camels without a shepherd."
the above traditions (hadith) we
brought up by the
BEING SENT TO THE HELL FIRE!
from the Quran "Wa min man haula kum",
And from among those
who are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites.
Similar we should not
forget that those who wanted
especially the cases
AQABA AFFAIR AND DESIGN TO KILL HOLY
The great ulema of both sects have
written that on Muhammad's way back from the Tabuk expedition, fourteen
hypocrites conspired to kill him. The plan was to push him from his camel into a
precipice as he rode by night over al-Aqaba, a narrow passage through which only
one man could pass. When they tried to execute their design, the Angel Gabriel
informed the Holy Prophet of it. The Holy Prophet sent Hudhaifa Nakha'i to hide
behind a hill. When the conspirators arrived and talked together, he recognized
them all. Of them seven belonged to the Umayyads. Hudhaifa came to the Holy
Prophet and named all of them. The Holy Prophet ordered him to keep the plot
secret and said that Allah was their guard. In the early part of the night, the
Holy Prophet began the journey, followed by his army. Ammar-e-Yasir led the
camel from the front and Hudhaifa drove it from behind. When they reached the
narrow passage, the hypocrites threw their leather bags full of sand (or their
oil-cans) before the camel making a huge noise, hoping that the frightened
animal would throw the Holy Prophet down the steep cliff. But Allah Almighty
protected him and the conspirators fled away in the crowd.
Please refer to Dala'ilu'n-Nabuwat
compiled by Hafiz Abu Bakr Ahmad Bin Husain Baihaqi Shafi'i, who is one of your
eminent scholars and jurists. He has recorded the story of Batn-e-Aqaba with an
authentic chain of narrators; and also Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal, towards the end of
vol. 5 of his Musnad, reports from Abu Tufail; Mohaddis Shirazee in his 'Roozatul
Ahbab; Sheikh Abdul Haq, Mohaqqiq and Mohaddis Dehlavi in 'Asma-ur Rijal; Ahmad
bin Hussain Al-Baihaqi; Mulla Jami in 'Shawahidun Nabuwwat; Fakhruddin Razi in
'Tafsir Kabir'; Mulla Moin in 'Maarjun Nubuwwat' page 201 and Ibn Abi'l-Hadid
writes in his Sharhe Nahju'l-Balagha, and it is known to all the ulema, that the
Holy Prophet on that night cursed a group of the companions.
Durr Manthur, Tarikh Khamis, Rawdzat al-Ahbab
We have been able
to understand that during the
era of the
Prophet (saw) there were
two type of groups, the first
is of those
few companions who followed
the Prophet (saw)
all what he
had been saying without
any kind of
their faith was of
grade. And the
second ones are those who
used to find it heavy and difficult
to following judgments of
the Prophet (saw), demonstrate
their objections to him, finding mistakes and
errors on the person of the Prophet (saw) and
even attempted to
kill him. And
group has been making up opposition to
the teachings of Prophet
apostate after his