TWO MAIN GROUPS OF SAHABA

 
 

 

 

Prophet statement regarding Abu Baker's belief and how Abu Baker admitted

 

The old Muwatta, Malik, vol 1 p 307 and Maghazi, al Qawidi, p 310 reported the Holy Prophet said to the martyrs of Uhud, "Those, I bear witness against." Abu Bakr then said, "O Messenger of Allah, are we not their brothers? Did we not become Muslims as they did? Did we not fight as they did?"  The Messenger replied, "Yes, but I do not know what you are going to do after me." On hearing that, Abu Bakr cried bitterly and said, "We are going to alter many things after your departure."

 

 

The current new edition of Muwatta of Malik 

Book 21, Number 21.14.32:

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'n-Nadr, the mawla of Umar ibn Ubaydullah that he had heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said over the martyrs of Uhud, "I testify for them." Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said, "Messenger of Allah! Are we not their brothers? We entered Islam as they entered Islam and we did jihad as they did jihad." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Yes, BUT I WILL NOT KNOW WHAT YOU WILL DO AFTER ME." Abu Bakr wept profusely and said, "Are we really going to out-live you!"

 

 

Now let us come to the Umar and find out what the Prophet (saw) said regarding the belief of Umar and what he himself said.

 

 

Prophet statement regarding Umar's belief

 

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 164:

Narrated Abu Ad-Darda:

     There was a dispute between Abu Bakr and 'Umar, and Abu Bakr made Umar angry. So 'Umar left angrily. Abu Bakr followed him, requesting him to ask forgiveness (of Allah) for him, but 'Umar refused to do so and closed his door in Abu Bakr's face. So Abu Bakr went to Allah's Apostle while we were with him. Allah's Apostle said, "This friend of yours must have quarrelled (with somebody)." In the meantime 'Umar repented and felt sorry for what he had done, so he came, greeted (those who were present) and sat with the Prophet and related the story to him. Allah's Apostle became angry and Abu Bakr started saying, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I was more at fault (than Umar)." Allah's Apostle said, "Are you (people) leaving for me my companion? (Abu Bakr), Are you (people) leaving for me my companion? When I said, 'O people I am sent to you all as the Apostle of Allah,' YOU SAID, 'YOU TELL A LIE.' while Abu Bakr said, 'You have spoken the truth."

 

The above tradition is very clear that the one who were lectured were Umar and Abu Baker, the Prophet (saw) has made ​​quite clear that Umar did not realy believed that the Prophet (saw) was the truly Prophet, he told the Prophet (saw) that he was a liar (auzubillah). More proof can be obtained in the peace of Hudaibiya we will see how this Umar doubted the mission of Muhammad (saw) and how he did not honor the Prophet (saw).

 

 

Umar himself testified his disbelief and doubt

 

PEACE OF HUDAIBIYA

 

Many people had serious doubts but returned to their original faith. Some of them persisted in their doubt. Ibn Maghazili Shafi'i, in his Manaqib, and Hafiz Abu  Abdullah Muhammad Bin Abi Nasr Hamidi in his Jam Bainu's-Sahihain-e-Bukhari, and Muslim write: "Umar Bin Khattab said, 'I never doubted the prophethood of Muhammad as I did on the day of Hudaibiyya.'" This statement shows that he doubted Muhammad's prophethood more than once and his doubt at the day of Hudaybiyyah was even deeper.

 

 

Al-Bukhari reported in volume 3, in "The Chapter on the Conditions on War and Making Treaties with those who Wage Wars", in "The Book of Conditions", after reporting the episode of the treaty of al- Hudaybiyya and 'Umar b. al-Khattab's opposition to what the Prophet of Allah (S.A.W.) had agreed to, he doubted him, saying to him openly: "Aren't you really the Prophet of Allah"?.. to the end of the story... Al-Bukhari said: "When they finished the matter of writing down the terms [of the treaty], the Prophet of Allah (S.A.W.) said to his companions: 'Arise and sacrifice the animals and then shave your heads'. He said: 'By Allah! Not a man stood up from them, even after he repeated himself three times. Yet no one amongst them rose. He went to Umm Salama and related to her what he had encountered from the people'" (Sahih al-Bukhari, vol. 3, p. 182)

 

Volume 3, Book 50, Number 891:

…Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "I went to the Prophet and said, 'Aren't you truly the Apostle of Allah?' The Prophet said, 'Yes, indeed.' I said, 'Isn't our Cause just and the cause of the enemy unjust?' He said, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then why should we be humble in our religion?' He said, 'I am Allah's Apostle and I do not disobey Him, and He will make me victorious.' I said, 'Didn't you tell us that we would go to the Ka'ba and perform Tawaf around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did I tell you that we would visit the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'So you will visit it and perform Tawaf around it?' " Umar further said, "I went to Abu Bakr and said, 'O Abu Bakr! Isn't he truly Allah's Prophet?' He replied, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then why should we be humble in our religion?' He said, 'Indeed, he is Allah's Apostle and he does not disobey his Lord, and He will make him victorious. Adhere to him as, by Allah, he is on the right.' I said, 'Was he not telling us that we would go to the Kaba and perform Tawaf around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did he tell you that you would go to the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.' He said, "You will go to Ka'ba and perform Tawaf around it." (Az-Zuhri said, " 'Umar said, 'I performed many good deeds as expiation for the improper questions I asked them.' ")

 

 

 

Abu Baker and his followers drank wine and recited some couplets commemorating some infidels who were killed in the battle of Badr

 

Ibn Hajar writes in his Fathu’l-Bari, v.X, p.30, that Abu Talha Zaid Bin Sahl arranged a wine party at his house and invited ten people. (1) Abu Bakr Bin Abi Qahafa, (2) Umar Ibn Khattab, (3) Abu Ubaida Garra, (4) Ubai Bin Ka’b, (5) Sahl Bin Baiza, (6) Abu Ayyub Ansari, (7) Abu Talha (the host), (8) Abu Dajjana Samak Bin Kharsa, (9) Abu Bakr Bin Shaghuls, (10) Anas Bin Malik, who was 18 years old at that time and who served the wine. Baihaqi in his Sunan, v. VIII, p.29, has also narrated from Anas him self that he said that he was the youngest of them at that time and was serving the wine. (At this there was great commotion in the meeting.)

 

All of them drank wine and Abu Bakr recited some couplets commemorating some infidels who were killed in the battle of Badr. When the Holy Prophet heard of this, he became angry. He went to the party and wanted to beat him. The man said, “I seek Allah’s shelter from Allah’s and His Prophet’s wrath. Allah be my witness, I will not take wine again.” Then the following verse was revealed: “O you who believe! intoxicants and games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (divination by) arrows are only an uncleanness, the Shaitan’s work; shun it therefore that you may be successful.” (5:90).

 

Muhammad Bin Isma’il Bukhari in Sahih (commenting on Ayat-e-Khamr, “verse concerning wine”, in the chapter Ma’ida of the Qur’an); Muslim Ibn Hajar in his Sahih (Kitab-e-Ashraba Bab-e-Tahrimu’l-Khamr); Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal in his Musnad, v.XXX, p.181 and 227; Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir, v.XI, p.93; Jalalu’d-din Suyuti in his Durru’l-Mansur, v.II, p.321; Tabari in his Tafsir, v.VII, p.24; Ibn Hajar Asqalani in his Isaba, v.IV, p.22 and Fathu’l-Bari, v.X,p.30; Badru’d-din Hanafi in his Umdatu’l-Qari, V.X, p.84; Baihaqi in his Sunan, pp.286 and 290; and others have recorded these facts with detailed explanations.

 

It has been narrated by Mohammad bin Ali Haashimi in his ‘Al-Khotoot al-Taweelah’ page 32, that after that humiliating defeat, Abu Bakr and Omar mourned the deaths of their fellow Idolaters, and during the month of Ramadhaan they drank wine instead of fasting and recited poems, some of which are:

 

                        Situated in the well, the well of Badr

                        Are the youth and nobles of Arabs

Does the son of the female sheep promise us that we will return to life?!

                        And how is the life of echoes and heads

                        Is he incapable of keeping death away from me

And yet able to resurrect me when my bones had disintegrated?!

Is there someone who informs the Forgiver from me

That I ignore fasting during the month of Ramadhaan

                        So tell god to restrain me from drinking

                        And tell god to restrain me from eating.

 

 

The news of their actions reached Rasoolollah, and he angrily went to them and recited the holy Aayah: “The Satan only desires to cause enmity and hatred to spring in your midst by means of intoxicants and games of chance, and to keep you off from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you then desist?

 

 

 

 

 

Acknowledgement of the existence of two groups

 

 

Umar Confession of opposing group

 

Volume 8, Book 82, Number 817

     Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

And no doubt after the death of the Prophet we were informed that the ANSAR DISAGREED WITH US and gathered in  the shed of Bani Sa'da. 'ALI AND ZUBAIR AND WHOEVER WAS WITH THEM, OPPOSED US, while the emigrants gathered with Abu Bakr.

 

 

Aisha Confession of opposing group

 

Even Aisha who was part of a group of her father has acknowledged the existence of two groups and showed aggression on the group of Imam Ali (as) and his followers. Let us listen what Bukhari tells us, then you the reader worth noting...

 

 

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 546:

Narrated 'Aisha:

When she died, her husband 'Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself. When Fatima was alive, the people used to respect 'Ali much, but after her death, 'Ali noticed a change in the people's attitude towards him. So Ali sought RECONCILIATION with Abu Bakr and gave him an oath of allegiance. 'Ali had not given the oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the period between the Prophet's death and Fatima's death).

 

 

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 727:

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 634:

Volume 7, Book 71, Number 612:

 

Volume 4, Book 51, Number 4:

     Narrated Al-Aswad:

     In the presence of 'Aisha some people mentioned that the Prophet had appointed 'Ali by will as his successor. 'Aisha said, "When did he appoint him by will? Verily when he died he was resting against my chest (or said: in my lap) and he asked for a wash-basin and then collapsed while in that state, and I could not even perceive that he had died, so when did he appoint him by will?"

 

 

Volume 5, Book 59, Number 736:

     Narrated Al-Aswad:

     It was mentioned in the presence of 'Aisha that the Prophet had appointed 'Ali as successor by will. Thereupon she said, "Who said so? I saw the Prophet, while I was supporting him against my chest. He asked for a tray, and then fell on one side and expired, and I did not feel it. So how (do the people say) he appointed 'Ali as his successor?"

 

 

Volume 1, Book 4, Number 197:

     Narrated 'Aisha:

     When the ailment of the Prophet became aggravated and his disease became severe, he asked his wives to permit him to be nursed (treated) in my house. So they gave him the permission. Then the Prophet came (to my house) with the support of two men, and his legs were dragging on the ground, between 'Abbas, and another man." 'Ubaid-Ullah (the sub narrator) said, "I informed 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas of what'Aisha said. Ibn 'Abbas said: 'Do you know who was the other man?' I replied in the negative. Ibn 'Abbas said, 'He was 'Ali (bin Abi Talib)." 'Aisha further said, "When the Prophet came to my house and his sickness became aggravated he ordered us to pour seven skins full of water on him, so that he might give some advice to the people. So he was seated in a Mikhdab (brass tub) belonging to Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet. Then, all of us started pouring water on him from the water skins till he beckoned to us to stop and that we have done (what he wanted us to do). After that he went out to the people."

 

More of the same type of Hadiths can be found in other places in Bukhari:

 

 

Now we have observed how these two who were two great friends were of a different group of Imam Ali (as). The Prophet (saw) wanted to write a will regarding the group Imam Ali (as) but the group of Abu Baker did not allow him and resisted him to the level of calling the Prophet (saw) is hallucinating. As we have seen above that this group of Abu Baker

 

1)      Find it heavy and difficult to following judgments of the Prophet (saw)

2)      Finding mistakes and errors on the person of the Prophet (saw)

3)      Did not show respect which was eligible for the Prophet (s.a.w).

4)      Objected to obey the Prophet (s.a.w).

5)     They uttered and called abhorrent words on the Prophet (saw) which is not suitable for him. This violated manners and the injuction of the Holy Quran.

6)      They did not follow the Quranic verse which prohibited them not to shout in front of the Prophet (PBUH).

7)      Doubted the Prophethood of the Prophet (saw)

8)      Planned to alter many things after his death

9)      Even attempted to kill him

 

 

 

 


 "WHOEVER I AM HIS MASTER, ALI IS HIS MASTER. O God! Love those who love him. Be hostile to those who are hostile to him. Hate those who hate him. Help those who help him. And keep the truth with him wherever he turns." (repeating this paragraph three times). 

 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

DURING PROPHET (SAW)

Assassination of the Prophet
   

AFTER PROPHET (SAW) DEATH

Abu Baker Group Against Ali
 Abu Baker Group against Fatimah
Ahlelbait against Abu Baker group
   
 

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم