Prophet statement regarding Abu Baker's
belief and how Abu Baker admitted
The old Muwatta, Malik, vol 1 p
307 and Maghazi, al Qawidi, p 310 reported the Holy Prophet said to the martyrs
of Uhud, "Those, I bear witness against." Abu Bakr then said, "O Messenger of
Allah, are we not their brothers? Did we not become Muslims as they did? Did we
not fight as they did?" The Messenger replied, "Yes,
but I do not know what you are going to do after me."
On hearing that, Abu Bakr cried bitterly and said,
"We are going to alter many things after your departure."
The current new edition of Muwatta of Malik
Book 21, Number 21.14.32:
Yahya related to me from Malik
from Abu'n-Nadr, the mawla of Umar ibn Ubaydullah that he had heard that the
Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said over the
martyrs of Uhud, "I testify for them." Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said, "Messenger of
Allah! Are we not their brothers? We entered Islam as they entered Islam and we
did jihad as they did jihad." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, said, "Yes, BUT I WILL NOT KNOW WHAT YOU WILL DO AFTER ME." Abu
Bakr wept profusely and said, "Are we really going to out-live you!"
Now let us come to the Umar and find out what
the Prophet (saw) said regarding the belief of Umar and what he himself said.
Prophet statement regarding Umar's belief
Volume 6, Book 60, Number 164:
Narrated Abu Ad-Darda:
There was a dispute between
Abu Bakr and 'Umar, and Abu Bakr made Umar angry. So 'Umar left angrily. Abu
Bakr followed him, requesting him to ask forgiveness (of Allah) for him, but 'Umar
refused to do so and closed his door in Abu Bakr's face. So Abu Bakr went to
Allah's Apostle while we were with him. Allah's Apostle said, "This
friend of yours must have quarrelled (with somebody)." In the
meantime 'Umar repented and felt sorry for what he had done, so he came, greeted
(those who were present) and sat with the Prophet and related the story to him.
Allah's Apostle became angry and Abu Bakr started saying, "O Allah's Apostle! By
Allah, I was more at fault (than Umar)." Allah's Apostle said, "Are you (people)
leaving for me my companion? (Abu Bakr), Are you (people) leaving for me my
companion? When I said, 'O people I am sent to you
all as the Apostle of Allah,' YOU SAID, 'YOU
TELL A LIE.' while Abu Bakr said, 'You have spoken the truth."
The above tradition is
very clear that the one who
were lectured were Umar and
the Prophet (saw)
quite clear that Umar
did not realy believed
that the Prophet (saw) was
the truly Prophet, he told
the Prophet (saw) that
he was a liar (auzubillah).
More proof can be obtained in the peace of Hudaibiya
we will see how
this Umar doubted
of Muhammad (saw)
and how he
did not honor the Prophet (saw).
Umar himself testified his disbelief and
PEACE OF HUDAIBIYA
Many people had serious doubts but
returned to their original faith. Some of them persisted in their doubt. Ibn
Maghazili Shafi'i, in his Manaqib, and Hafiz Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Abi Nasr
Hamidi in his Jam Bainu's-Sahihain-e-Bukhari, and Muslim write: "Umar Bin
Khattab said, 'I never doubted the prophethood of Muhammad as I did on the day
of Hudaibiyya.'" This statement shows that he doubted Muhammad's prophethood
more than once and his doubt at the day of Hudaybiyyah was even deeper.
Al-Bukhari reported in volume 3,
in "The Chapter on the Conditions on War and Making Treaties with those who Wage
Wars", in "The Book of Conditions", after reporting the episode of the treaty of
al- Hudaybiyya and 'Umar b. al-Khattab's opposition to what the Prophet of Allah
(S.A.W.) had agreed to, he doubted him, saying to him openly: "Aren't you really
the Prophet of Allah"?.. to the end of the story... Al-Bukhari said: "When they
finished the matter of writing down the terms [of the treaty], the Prophet of
Allah (S.A.W.) said to his companions: 'Arise and sacrifice the animals and then
shave your heads'. He said: 'By Allah! Not a man stood up from them, even after
he repeated himself three times. Yet no one amongst them rose. He went to Umm
Salama and related to her what he had encountered from the people'" (Sahih
al-Bukhari, vol. 3, p. 182)
Book 50, Number 891:
…Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "I went
to the Prophet and said, 'Aren't you truly the Apostle of Allah?' The Prophet
said, 'Yes, indeed.' I said, 'Isn't our Cause just and the cause of the enemy
unjust?' He said, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then why should we be humble in our religion?'
He said, 'I am Allah's Apostle and I do not disobey Him, and He will make me
victorious.' I said, 'Didn't you tell us that we would go to the Ka'ba and
perform Tawaf around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did I tell you that we would visit
the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'So you will visit it and perform
Tawaf around it?' " Umar further said, "I went to Abu Bakr and said, 'O Abu Bakr!
Isn't he truly Allah's Prophet?' He replied, 'Yes.' I said, 'Then why should we
be humble in our religion?' He said, 'Indeed, he is Allah's Apostle and he does
not disobey his Lord, and He will make him victorious. Adhere to him as, by
Allah, he is on the right.' I said, 'Was he not telling us that we would go to
the Kaba and perform Tawaf around it?' He said, 'Yes, but did he tell you that
you would go to the Ka'ba this year?' I said, 'No.' He said, "You will go to
Ka'ba and perform Tawaf around it." (Az-Zuhri said, " 'Umar said, 'I performed
many good deeds as expiation for the improper questions I asked them.' ")
Abu Baker and his followers drank wine and
recited some couplets commemorating some infidels who were killed in the battle
Ibn Hajar writes in his Fathu’l-Bari, v.X,
p.30, that Abu Talha Zaid Bin Sahl arranged a wine party at his house and
invited ten people. (1) Abu Bakr Bin Abi Qahafa, (2) Umar Ibn Khattab, (3) Abu
Ubaida Garra, (4) Ubai Bin Ka’b, (5) Sahl Bin Baiza, (6) Abu Ayyub Ansari, (7)
Abu Talha (the host), (8) Abu Dajjana Samak Bin Kharsa, (9) Abu Bakr Bin
Shaghuls, (10) Anas Bin Malik, who was 18 years old at that time and who served
the wine. Baihaqi in his Sunan, v. VIII, p.29, has also narrated from Anas him
self that he said that he was the youngest of them at that time and was serving
the wine. (At this there was great commotion in the meeting.)
All of them drank wine and Abu
Bakr recited some couplets commemorating some infidels who were killed in the
battle of Badr. When the Holy Prophet heard of this, he became angry. He went to
the party and wanted to beat him. The man said, “I seek Allah’s shelter from
Allah’s and His Prophet’s wrath. Allah be my witness, I will not take wine
again.” Then the following verse was revealed: “O you who believe! intoxicants
and games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (divination by)
arrows are only an uncleanness, the Shaitan’s work; shun it therefore that you
may be successful.” (5:90).
Muhammad Bin Isma’il Bukhari in
Sahih (commenting on Ayat-e-Khamr, “verse concerning wine”, in the chapter
Ma’ida of the Qur’an); Muslim Ibn Hajar in his Sahih (Kitab-e-Ashraba
Bab-e-Tahrimu’l-Khamr); Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal in his Musnad, v.XXX, p.181 and
227; Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir, v.XI, p.93; Jalalu’d-din Suyuti in his
Durru’l-Mansur, v.II, p.321; Tabari in his Tafsir, v.VII, p.24; Ibn Hajar
Asqalani in his Isaba, v.IV, p.22 and Fathu’l-Bari, v.X,p.30; Badru’d-din Hanafi
in his Umdatu’l-Qari, V.X, p.84; Baihaqi in his Sunan, pp.286 and 290; and
others have recorded these facts with detailed explanations.
It has been narrated by Mohammad bin Ali
Haashimi in his ‘Al-Khotoot al-Taweelah’ page 32, that after that humiliating
defeat, Abu Bakr and Omar mourned the deaths of their fellow Idolaters, and
during the month of Ramadhaan they drank wine instead of fasting and recited
poems, some of which are:
Situated in the
well, the well of Badr
Are the youth and
nobles of Arabs
Does the son of the female sheep promise us
that we will return to life?!
And how is the life
of echoes and heads
Is he incapable of
keeping death away from me
And yet able to resurrect me when my bones
Is there someone who informs the Forgiver
That I ignore fasting during the month of
So tell god to restrain me from drinking
And tell god to
restrain me from eating.
The news of their actions reached Rasoolollah,
and he angrily went to them and recited the holy Aayah: “The Satan only desires
to cause enmity and hatred to spring in your midst by means of intoxicants and
games of chance, and to keep you off from the remembrance of Allah and from
prayer. Will you then desist?
Acknowledgement of the
existence of two groups
Umar Confession of
Volume 8, Book 82, Number
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
And no doubt after the
death of the Prophet we were informed that the ANSAR DISAGREED WITH US and
gathered in the shed of Bani Sa'da. 'ALI AND ZUBAIR AND WHOEVER WAS WITH THEM,
OPPOSED US, while the emigrants gathered with Abu Bakr.
Aisha Confession of
Even Aisha who was part of
a group of her father has acknowledged the existence of two groups and showed
aggression on the group of Imam Ali (as) and his followers. Let us listen what
Bukhari tells us, then you the reader worth noting...
Volume 5, Book 59, Number
When she died, her husband
'Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral
prayer by himself. When Fatima was alive, the people used to respect 'Ali much,
but after her death, 'Ali noticed a change in the people's attitude towards him.
So Ali sought RECONCILIATION with Abu Bakr and gave him an oath of allegiance.
'Ali had not given the oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the period
between the Prophet's death and Fatima's death).
Volume 5, Book 59, Number
Volume 1, Book 11, Number
Volume 7, Book 71, Number
Volume 4, Book 51, Number
In the presence of 'Aisha
some people mentioned that the Prophet had appointed 'Ali by will as his
successor. 'Aisha said, "When did he appoint him by will? Verily when he died he
was resting against my chest (or said: in my lap) and he asked for a wash-basin
and then collapsed while in that state, and I could not even perceive that he
had died, so when did he appoint him by will?"
Volume 5, Book 59, Number
It was mentioned in
the presence of 'Aisha that the Prophet had appointed 'Ali as successor by will.
Thereupon she said, "Who said so? I saw the Prophet, while I was supporting him
against my chest. He asked for a tray, and then fell on one side and expired,
and I did not feel it. So how (do the people say) he appointed 'Ali as his
Volume 1, Book 4, Number
When the ailment of
the Prophet became aggravated and his disease became severe, he asked his wives
to permit him to be nursed (treated) in my house. So they gave him the
permission. Then the Prophet came (to my house) with the support of two men, and
his legs were dragging on the ground, between 'Abbas, and another man." 'Ubaid-Ullah
(the sub narrator) said, "I informed 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas of what'Aisha said.
Ibn 'Abbas said: 'Do you know who was the other man?' I replied in the negative.
Ibn 'Abbas said, 'He was 'Ali (bin Abi Talib)." 'Aisha further said, "When the
Prophet came to my house and his sickness became aggravated he ordered us to
pour seven skins full of water on him, so that he might give some advice to the
people. So he was seated in a Mikhdab (brass tub) belonging to Hafsa, the wife
of the Prophet. Then, all of us started pouring water on him from the water
skins till he beckoned to us to stop and that we have done (what he wanted us to
do). After that he went out to the people."
More of the same type of
Hadiths can be found in other places in Bukhari:
we have observed how these two
who were two great friends were
of a different
Imam Ali (as).
The Prophet (saw) wanted to
write a will regarding the group Imam
Ali (as) but
the group of
Abu Baker did not allow him
and resisted him to the level of calling the Prophet (saw) is
we have seen
it heavy and difficult to following
the Prophet (saw)
mistakes and errors on the person of the Prophet (saw)
not show respect which was eligible for the Prophet (s.a.w).
4) Objected to obey the
They uttered and called abhorrent
words on the Prophet (saw) which is not suitable for him. This violated manners
and the injuction of the Holy Quran.
They did not follow the
verse which prohibited them not to shout
in front of the
Doubted the Prophethood
of the Prophet (saw)
Planned to alter many things after his death
to kill him