Muhammad (saw) cursed Abu Baker and his group after they rejected to proceed
with Usama Army
Consider the incident of the regiment of
Usamah ibn Zayd ibn Harithah dispatched to invade the Romans. It was the last
regiment contemporary to the Prophet (s.a.w) who paid it a great concern,
ordering his companions to prepare for it, earnestly urging them to do so. He
raised the army in his own pure person in order to give those enlisted in it a
great deal of moral encouragement and address their conscience. He did not spare
any dignitary from among the Muhajirün nor the Ansar, such as Abu Bakr, `Umer,
Abu `Ubaydah, Sa`d, and their peers, from enlisting. It took place on Safar 26,
Authors of books of tradition and history
have unanimously accepted the fact that Abu Bakr and `Umer, may Allah be pleased
with them, were enlisted in the same army, stating such a fact in their books
unreservedly, and this is one of the instances in which they have never
disputed. Refer, therefore, to any book which contains information about this
particular expedition such as Ibn Sa`d's Tabaqat, the books of history by al-Tabari
and Ibn al-Athir, Al-Sira al-Halabiyya, Al-Sira al-Dahlaniyya, and others, so
that you may find out for yourself.
On Safar 28, his death fever intensified, and
he started suffering from headaches. On Safar 29, he found them reluctant to
leave; therefore, he went out to urge them to expedite the campaign. He (s.a.w)
tied the flag for Usamah with his own eminent hands in order to stir their
conscience and manipulate their determination. Then he said: "Go in the Name of
Allah, in the Path of Allah, and fight those who disbelieve in Allah." Usamah
took the tied flag and handed it to Buraydah, then he camped at Jurf. Even
there, they slackened and did not leave, in spite of all the clear statements of
the Prophet (s.a.w) urging them to expedite the campaign, such as: "... invade
Ubna in the morning," and "... come back faster than the tidings of your deeds,"
in addition to many such orders which they never followed in reference to that
All of the above did not stop them from
casting doubts about the wisdom of selecting him as the regiment's commander, so
much so that their grumbling angered the Prophet (s.a.w) who went out one day,
painfully feverish, bandaged, wrapped in a blanket, unable to walk steadily, his
legs hardly carrying him due to the pain from which he was suffering; having
ascended the pulpit, breathing heavily, fighting his pain, he said: "O people!
It has come to my knowledge that some of you have felt uneasy about my
appointment of Usamah [as the commander]. If you cast doubts about his
appointment, you had done so before when I appointed his father who, by Allah,
was worthy of such an authority, and so is his son after him." Thus did he,
peace be upon him and his progeny, emphasize, by swearing by Allah, that they
should submit to what he had decreed. They did not. He urged them to start
marching, and they in fact did start bidding him farewell and leaving to join
the troops stationed at al-Jurf, while he was still urging them to rush. Then
his sickness worsened, yet he kept saying: "Usamah's army! Complete the mission
of Usamah's army! Dispatch Usamah's troops!" He kept repeating these orders even
while they were still reluctant to respond.
As regarding al-Shahristani who discusses
those who dodged the draft in Usamah's army, narrating their story as a
generally accepted fact, it has been narrated in one hadith documented by Abu
Bakr Ahmed ibn `Abdul-Aziz al-Jawhari in his book Al-Saqifa, from which I quote
here this much for you verbatim:
"Ahmed ibn Ishaq ibn Salih has narrated a
tradition to us from Ahmed ibn Siyar from Sa`d ibn Kathir al-Ansari whose men
quote `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Rahman saying that when the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w)
fell sick shortly before his death, he appointed Usamah ibn Zayd ibn Harithah to
take charge in leading an army most of which were men from the Muhajirün and
the Ansar. Among them were: Abu Bakr, `Umer, Abu `Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah, `Abdul-Rahmn
ibn `Awf, Talhah, and al-Zubayr, and ordered him to invade Mu'ta, where his
father Zayd had been murdered, and to invade the valley of Palestine. Usamah
slackened, and so did the rest of the army, and the Messenger of Allah, peace be
upon him and his progeny, though sick, kept emphasizing that the army must rush
there, till Usamah said to him: `O Messenger of Allah! Would you permit me to
stay for a few days till Allah Almighty heals you?' He answered: `Go and
proceed, supported by the blessings of Allah.' He said: `O Messenger of Allah!
If I proceed while you are sick like that, I will be going with a heart swollen
with pain.' He (s.a.w) said: `Proceed towards victory in good health.' Usamah
persisted: `But I hate to keep asking the travellers about your condition.' He
said: `Proceed to carry out my orders,'
then he, peace be upon him and his progeny, fainted. Usamah left and prepared to
proceed. When the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) regained his consciousness, he
immediately inquired about Usamah, and he was told that he and his men were
preparing to proceed, whereupon he kept repeating: `Carry out Usamah's mission;
the curse of Allah be upon whoever dodges its draft.'
Usamah finally left the city, the flag above his head, surrounded by the
companions, till he reached Jurf. In his company were Abu Bakr, `Umer, and most
of the Muhajirün and the Ansar such as Asid ibn Hadr, Bashir ibn Sa`d, and many
other dignitaries. Then he received a messenger sent by Umm Ayman who informed
him to go ahead and enter the city because the Prophet (s.a.w) was dying. He
immediately left for Medina with the standard still in his hand. Having reached
the Prophet's residence, he planted it at the door just when the Prophet (s.a.w)
"And it is not for a believer man or woman to
have any choice in their affair when God and His Apostle have decided a matter;
and whoever disobeyeth God and His Apostle, indeed he hath strayed off a
manifest straying (Quran 33:36)."
"Nay! By thy Lord, they shall never truly
believe till they totally accept your judgment in all their disputes, then they
do not feel any hardship in accepting your judgment, submitting thereto
wholeheartedly (Qur'an, 4:65)."
"Whatever the Messenger grants you, take it,
and abstain from whatever he forbids you (Qur'an, 59:7)."
I would add to all this that Abu Bakr and
Umar did not carry out the command of the Prophet of Allah (s.a.w) when he
appointed Usama b. Zayd over them and made them one of their soldiers, and
severely rebuked those who stayed behind till he said:
"Allah has cursed whoever stays behind from the army of
Usama". This was after he had received the news about people defaming
him on the matter of appointing Usama as the leader, an incident reported by
most of the historians and biographers.
Cursed both Abu Baker and Umar
Abu Muhammad Abdullah Bin Muslim
Bin Qutayba Dinawari (died 276 A.H.) in his Ta'rikh-e-Khilafa'i'r-Rashidin,
known as Al-Imama wa's-iyasa, vol. I, p. 14 and others of ulema, like Ibn
Abi'l-Hadid, write in their authentic books:
"Umar asked Abu Bakr to go with him to visit
Fatima. They had certainly enraged her..... Fatima then said to Amiru'l-Mu'minin
that she would remind them of a hadith of the Holy Prophet and ask them to say
in the name of Allah if they had not heard the Holy Prophet saying it: 'Fatima's
pleasure is my pleasure, Fatima's indignation is my indignation. So one who
loves my daughter Fatima loves me; one who pleases Fatima, pleases me. One who
offends Fatima, offends me.'
Both of them said: 'Yes we heard these words
from the Holy Prophet of Allah.' Then Fatima said: 'I call Allah and His Angels
to witness that both of you have offended me and did not treat me justly. When I
meet the Holy Prophet I will certainly complain to him of you both.'
Abu Bakr, being troubled at these words,
began to weep and said: 'I seek Allah's shelter from the Holy Prophet's anger.'
Fatima began to weep and said: 'I swear by Allah that I
will certainly call down curses upon you in all my prayers.'
After hearing this, Abu Bakr went out,
weeping. People gathered round him and consoled him. To them he said: 'Woe be to
you. You are all happy, sitting with your wives comfortably, but I am in this
wretched state. I do not need your allegiance. Rid me of it. By Allah, after
what I have seen and heard from Fatima, I do not want any Muslim to suffer the
burden of allegiance to me.'"
These reports, related by your own notable
ulema, show that the oppressed Fatima remained indignant with Abu Bakr and Umar
until the last hour of her life.
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 546:
Fatima the daughter
of the Prophet sent someone to Abu Bakr (when he was a caliph), asking for her
inheritance of what Allah's Apostle had left of the property bestowed on him by
Allah from the Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting) in Medina, and Fadak,
and what remained of the Khumus of the Khaibar booty. On that, Abu Bakr said,
"Allah's Apostle said, "Our property is not inherited. Whatever we leave, is
Sadaqa, but the family of (the Prophet) Muhammad can eat of this property.' By
Allah, I will not make any change in the state of the Sadaqa of Allah's Apostle
and will leave it as it was during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle, and will
dispose of it as Allah's Apostle used to do." So Abu Bakr refused to give
anything of that to Fatima. So she became angry with
Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not task to him till she died.
She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet.
When she died, her husband 'Ali, buried her at night
without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.
Imam Ali (as)
called Abu Baker and Umar as A LIARS, SINFULS, TREACHEROUS AND DISHONESTS
Book 019, Number 4349:
It is reported by
Zuhri that this tradition was narrated to him by Malik b. Aus who said: Umar b.
al-Khattab sent for me and I came to him when the day had advanced. I found him
in his house sitting on his bare bed-stead, reclining on a leather pillow. He
said (to me): Malik, some people of your tribe have hastened to me (with a
request for help). I have ordered a little money for them. Take it and
distribute it among them. I said: I wish you had ordered somebody else to do
this job. He said: Malik, take it (and do what you have been told). At this
moment (his man-servant) Yarfa' came in and said: Commander of the Faithful,
what do you say about Uthman, Abd al-Rabman b. 'Auf, Zubair and Sa'd (who have
come to seek an audience with you)? He said: Yes, and permitted them. so they
entered. Then he (Yarfa') came again and said: What do you say about 'Ali and
Abbas (who are present at the door)? He said: Yes, and permitted them to enter.
Abbas said: Commander of the Faithful, decide (the dispute) between me and this
SINFUL, TREACHEROUS, DISHONEST LIAR. The
people (who were present) also said: Yes. Commander of the Faithful, do decide
(the dispute) and have mercy on them. Malik b. Aus said: I could well imagine
that they had sent them in advance for this purpose (by 'Ali and Abbas). 'Umar
said: Wait and be patient. I adjure you by Allah by Whose order the heavens and
the earth are sustained, don't you know that the Messenger of Allah (may peace
be upon him) said:" We (prophets) do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is
(to be given in) charity"? They said: Yes. Then he turned to Abbas and 'Ali and
said: I adjure you both by Allah by Whose order the heavens and earth are
sustained, don't you know that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)
said:" We do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is (to be given in)
charity"? They (too) said: Yes. (Then) Umar said: Allah, the Glorious and
Exalted, had done to His Messenger (may peace be upon him) a special favour that
He has not done to anyone else except him. He quoted the Qur'anic verse:" What
Allah has bestowed upon His Apostle from (the properties) of the people of
township is for Allah and His Messenger". The narrator said: I do not know
whether he also recited the previous verse or not. Umar continued: The Messenger
of Allah (may peace be upon him) distrbuted among you the properties abandoned
by Banu Nadir. By Allah, he never preferred himself over you and never
appropriated anything to your exclusion. (After a fair distribution in this way)
this property was left over.
The Messenger of
Allah (may peace be upon him) would meet from its income his annual expenditure,
and what remained would be deposited in the Bait-ul-Mal. (Continuing further) he
said: I adjure you by Allah by Whose order the heavens and the earth are
sustained. Do you know this? They said: Yes. Then he adjured Abbas and 'All as
he had adjured the other persons and asked: Do you both know this? They said:
Yes. He said: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) passed away,
Abu Bakr said:" I am the successor of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon
him)." Both of you came to demand your shares from the property (left behind by
the Messenger of Allah). (Referring to Hadrat 'Abbas), he said: You demanded
your share from the property of your nephew, and he (referring to 'Ali) demanded
a share on behalf of his wife from the property of her father. Abu Bakr (Allah
be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had
said:" We do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is (to be given in)
charity." SO BOTH OF YOU THOUGHT HIM TO BE A LIAR,
SINFUL, TREACHEROUS AND DISHONEST. And Allah knows that he was true,
virtuous, well-guided and a follower of truth. When Abu Bakr passed away and (I
have become) the successor of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and
Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased with him), YOU THOUGHT ME TO
BE A LIAR, SINFUL, TREACHEROUS AND DISHONEST. And Allah knows that I
am true, virtuous, well-guided and a follower of truth. I became the guardian of
this property. Then you as well as he came to me. Both of you have come and your
purpose is identical. You said: Entrust the property to us. I said: If you wish
that I should entrust it to you, it will be on the condition that both of you
will undertake to abide by a pledge made with Allah that you will use it in the
same way as the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used it. So both of
you got it. He said: Wasn't it like this? They said: Yes. He said: Then you have
(again) come to me with the request that I should adjudge between you. No, by
Allah. I will not give any other judgment except this until the arrival of the
Doomsday. If you are unable to hold the property on this condition, return it to
Volume 5, Book 59, Number 546:
someone to Abu Bakr saying, "Come to us, but let nobody come with you," AS HE
DISLIKED THAT 'UMAR should come, 'Umar said (to Abu Bakr), "No, by Allah, you
shall not enter upon them alone " Abu Bakr said, "What do you think they will do
to me? By Allah, I will go to them' ..
Omar believed that
Imam Ali (as) believed them that mean Umar and Abu Bakr were sinful,
treacherous, dishonest and liar. Also in the second hadith Imam Ali (as) did not
like Umar, they how Imam Ali (a.s) could praised him???? Very strange
Imam Ali (as)
rejected to follow the Sunnah established by Abu Baker and Umar
How could we follow those whom Imam Ali (AS) refused to follow?
After ten years of rule Caliph Umar was stabbed and seriously injured by a
Christian slave named Abu Lulu. On his deathbed, he appointed six of the early
Companions among the Muhajirun to choose one among themselves as the new Caliph.
This committee was later known by jurists and theorists as the Shura or
electorate body and its' six members were Uthman, Abd ar-Rahman Awf, his cousin
Sa'd Abi Waqqas, Zubayr, Talha and Ali. Umar's own son 'Abd Allah was put in the
capacity of an advisor.
After three days of debates and wrangling, 'Abd ar-Rahman offered the caliphate
to Ali on two conditions :
1) that he should rule in accordance with the Qur'an and Sunna of the Prophet;
2) that he must follow the precedents established by the earlier Caliphs.
It is an established fact of history that Ali (AS) refused to comply with
second condition. He rejected to adhere to the practices of Abu Bakr and Umar.
Abd ar-Rahman therefore turned to Uthman with the same conditions and Uthman
accepted them. When Umar passed away, Uthman became the new Caliph.
In the book "Khilafah" by Hizb at-Tahrir we read the follwing:
“... As for the appointment of the six people by 'Umar, it was a nomination to
them by him upon the request of the Muslims. Then 'Abdul Rahman ibn 'Auf
consulted the Muslims about whom they wanted from the six people. The majority
wanted 'Ali if he adhered to the practices of Abu Bakr and 'Umar, otherwise they
wanted 'Uthman. When 'Ali rejected to adhere to the practices of Abu Bakr and 'Umar,
'Abdul Rahman ibn 'Auf gave the pledge to 'Uthman and the people gave their
You can read the book online at this link:
So when Imam Ali (AS) could not
accept to follow the first 2 Khalifas, how can we??????