The Prophet Rejects
the Legislation of “Ahl al-Sunnah wal Jama‘ah”
We have already come to
know that the Shi‘as, following in the footsteps of the Imams among Ahl al-Bayt,
peace be upon them, never followed their own views nor analogy, nor did they
prohibit anyone from doing so. This is due to the fact that the Prophet’s
statements had the final word and the conclusive verdict in as far as they
are concerned; they have inherited such written statements sons from
fathers, and we have already referred to al-saheefa al-jami‘a, the length of
which is seventy yards, and which contains all what Muslims need till the
We have also come to
know that “Ahl al-Sunnah wal Jama‘ah” felt forced to follow their own views
as well as the principle of qiyas (analogy) due to the absence of the
Prophet’s texts with them and their need for the same simply because their
prominent men and masters rejected them, burned them, and prohibited anyone
from recording them.
The supporters of
ijtihad resorted to the suggestion that they needed to coin hadith in the
wording of the Messenger of Allah in order to support their sect and make
wrong look right. They, hence, claimed that the Messenger of Allah
dispatched Ma‘ath ibn Jabal to Yemen and asked him, “What if you do not find
it [i.e. the answer to a problem] in the Book of Allah?” He said,
"Then I will judge according to the
Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah.” He then asked him, “What if you do not
find it in the Sunnah of His Messenger?” Ma‘ath ibn Jabal, they claim, said,
“If I do not find it, I will then follow my own ijtihad.” The Prophet, the
story goes on, then said, “All Praise is due to Allah Who has enabled the
messenger of the Messenger of Allah to please Allah and His Messenger.”
This “tradition” is
false, and it can never be attributed to the Messenger of Allah, for how can
the Prophet say to Ma‘ath, “What if you do not find it in the Book of Allah
and the Sunnah of His Messenger?” while Allah Himself says the following to
His Messenger, “And We revealed unto you the Book explaining everything”
(Holy Qur’an, 16:89), and also, “We have
not neglected anything in the Book” (Holy Qur’an, 6:38), and also, “Whatever
the Messenger gives you, accept it, and from whatever he forbids you, stay
away therefrom” (Holy Qur’an, 59:7)?
Moreover He said to His
Messenger: "Lo! We reveal unto thee the Scripture with the truth, that thou
mayst judge between mankind by that which Allah showed thee".(4:105)
all these verses how would the Prophet say to Mu'adh: If you do not find it
(the solution) in Allah's Book and His Messenger's Sunnah?! Is this other
than a confession that Allah's Book and His Messenger's Sunnah being
incomplete and have never exposed all the judicial rules!
may be claimed by someone that: This hadith may be said by Mu'adh ibn Jabal
in the begining of the da'wah (invitation to Islam), and he has not
completed if after revelation of the Qur'an.
Our reply will be as
follows: This is not accepted and is untrue.
The first reason
is due to Mu'adh's saying:
judge according to the Book of Allah", meaning that Allah's Book has been
complete. If we observe also his saying: "I judge according to the Sunnah of
His Messenger", we will apprehend with no doubt that this hadith hadith has
been very lately composed, at the time of prevalence of adopting ijtihad
against nusus (texts), since the term (the Book of Allah and Sunnah of His
Messenger) used to be refered to after the Prophet's (S) demise.
The second reason for its being untrue, is that it will become (if
accepted) a hujjah (plea) to be produced by whoever being unaware of the
rulers of Allah and His Messenger (S), to judge according to his opinion as
he wishes, without bothering himself to be acquainted with the nusus.
The third reason being the holy verses:
judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are disbelievers".
judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed : such are wrong doers".(5:45)
judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are evil-livers".(5:47)
due to the fact that whoever is unaware of the rules (of Allah and His
Messenger) has no right to judge or give legal verdicts, till he recognizes
the judgement (hukum) of Allah and His Messenger in the matter.
The Prophet himself,
though being God's Messenger and granted by Allah the right to legislate for
the Ummah, by His saying: "And it becometh not a believing man or a
believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided an affair (for
them), that they should (after that) claim any say in their affair (33:36),
still he has never given any rule, throughout all his lifetime, in any
affair according to opinion or qiyas, or ijtihad, but he has all the time
been following and adopting the Divine texts, brought down by Jabriel (A)
wherever necessary, all the narrations contradicting this fact are only
For assuring the reader
more, I will cite an evidence from the Sihah of Ahl al-Sunnah:
is reported by al-Bukhari in his Sahih: "Whenever the Prophet (S) was asked
about that which no revelation (wahy) was descended, he would say: I know
not, or he would not give any reply till the descent of revelation upon him,
and he never applied the exertion of opinion or qiyas, as ordained by Allah
in His Book: "...by that which Allah showeth thee". (4:105)132
Listen to the following
verse stated by the Lord of all worlds to His Messenger: "And unto thee have
We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was
before it, and a watcher over it. So judge between them by that which Allah
hath revealed ..." (5:48).
In another verse it is
said to the Prophet (S): "Lo! We reveal unto thee the Scripture with the
truth, that thou mayst judge between mankind by that which Allah showeht
So if they give witness
that the Prophet (S) has never acted by opinion (ra'y) or qiyas, how come
that they have granted themselves the right to act by that?! How do they
contradict the rulers of Allah and Sunnah of His Messenger, and claim after
that of being Ahl al-Sunnah?! How surprising and strange is that!
132. Sahih al-Bikhari
vol. viii, p.148, kitab al-'it'isam bi al-kitab wa al-Sunnah.
Extracted from the book "The Shi'ah
are (the real) Ahl al-Sunnah" by Dr. Muhammad Al-Tijani Al Samawi.