SAHABA OF PROPHET'S SUCCESSORS GROUP

 
 

 

RESPECT OF THE SAHABS

 

Before continuing with this topic I would very much recommend to my dear brothers and sisters in this forum to find a book called “SHI’A NA SAHABA”, by Sheikh Abdillahi Nassir on this topic. This is indeed a wonderful book worth reading to those who are trying to find an analytical approach to the subject.

 

The companions and friends of the Prophet (s.a.w.w) who believed in him and who derived wisdom from his presence, receive from the Shi’a an especial reverence, whether they be amongst those martyred at the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Ahzab and Hunayn, or of those who remained alive after the passing away of the Prophet. All of them, insofar as they were the companions of the Prophet and believed in him, deserve our respect, and there is no true Muslim in the world that would speak badly of the companions, or express unkind opinions about them; and should anyone claim that a group of ‘Muslims’ do in fact indulge in such criticisms, such claims would be baseless.

 

But alongside this issue there is another question which should be addressed without prejudice, sentimentalism or bitterness: were all the companions equally just, pious, and devoid of sin? It is clear that seeing the Prophet and keeping his company, despite being a great honour, cannot be seen as rendering a person immune from sin; we cannot therefore regard all of the companions in exactly the same light, as being all equally just, pious, and shorn of all sinfulness. For, according to the testimony of the Quran, in spite of their having the honour of being companions, they are divided into different categories as regards faith and hypocrisy, and in respect of obedience and disobedience to God and His Prophet. Taking due account of this differentiation, it cannot be said that they are all as one, each one of them being as just and as pious as the next.

 

There is no doubt that the Quran has praised the companions on several occasions. For example, as regards those who made the oath of allegiance to the Prophet at the time of negotiations leading to the Treaty of Hudaibiyya, the Quran expresses the satisfaction (of God):

 

God was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to thee beneath the tree … (Sura al-Fath, XLVIII:18)

 

But this praise, their eliciting the good pleasure (ridwan) of God, relates to them ‘when they swore allegiance to thee’, and thus cannot be regarded as evidence of rectitude and deliverance from faults for all of them for the rest of their lives. For if one or more of them afterwards takes a wrong path, evidently, the previous pleasure of God cannot be pointed to as evidence of their continuing piety or of their being permanently devoid of faults: the rank and station of these companions who elicited the pleasure of God is not higher than that of the Prophet about whom the Quran says:

 

If thou ascribe a partner to God thy work will fail and thou wilt indeed be among the losers. (Sura al-Zumar, XXXIX:45).

 

This kind of verse expresses the virtue manifested by these persons in that particular state, and of course, should they maintain such virtue until the end of their lives, they would attain salvation.

 

On the basis of what has been said, whenever we have definitive evidence from the Quran, the Hadith or from history, of the deviation of a person or persons, one cannot refute this evidence by reference to such instances of the kind of praise quoted above.

 

By way of example, the Quran refers to some of the companions by the term fasiq, that is miscreant:

 

Idhaa jaakum fasiq binabain…..

 

Translated as follows

If a miscreant brings you tidings, verify it ….. (Sura al-Hujrat, XLIX:6)

 

In another verse, referring to one companion, we have:

 

Is he who is a believer like him who is a miscreant? They are not alike, (Sura al-Sajda, XXXII:18)

 

Taking due note of this verse and other similar ones, and with regard also to those hadiths in which certain companions are severely criticized, and, likewise, taking into account the historical evidence pertaining to certain companions, one cannot definitively regard all of the Prophet’s companions –whose number exceeds one hundred thousand – as being equally just and pious. One small example will be those Sahabas who claimed that Bibi Aisha (r.a) committed adultery (astaghfirullah al-adhiim!). What about Sahabas who participated in the killing of the 3rd Khalifa, Uthman Bin Affan (r.a). What can our bother Ibn Yusus tell us about these companions? In what category does he want to put them?

 

What is at issue here is whether we can justifiably regard all of the companions as equally just; it is not a question of insulting them. Unfortunately, some people do not distinguish between the two issues, and accuse those who oppose the notion of equal justice in all the companions of falling into error of insulting and criticizing the companions.

 

To conclude this discussion, we should like to stress that the Shi’a of the Imami school do not believe that the respect we have for those who have had the privilege of companionship with the Prophet should prevent us from objectively evaluating their actions (unless we want to believe that they are free from sins and mistakes). We hold that association with the Prophet cannot on its own give rise to immunity from sin for the rest of one’s life. The basis for this evaluation by the Shi’a is derived from Quranic verses, sound hadiths, corroborated historical sources and from basic common sense.

 

Lastly let our brother Ibn Yusuf show us references where the right Sahabas are called evil. I have not seen such a name even to those Sahabas where Shi’as take serious issues with.

 

In my next issue I shall briefly discuss about Hadiths and Shari’a.

 


 "WHOEVER I AM HIS MASTER, ALI IS HIS MASTER. O God! Love those who love him. Be hostile to those who are hostile to him. Hate those who hate him. Help those who help him. And keep the truth with him wherever he turns." (repeating this paragraph three times). 

 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

Respect of the Sahaba
Munafiqeen among Sahabah
 
 
 

Copyright ©2011
All rights reserved


وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم