SAHABA OF PROPHET'S SUCCESSORS GROUP

 
 

                  

   A Shi'ite View of the Companions

 

The topic in this article is how the Shia view the companions of the

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF).  In this part we shall look at Allah's (SWT)

opinion, as stated in the Quran, with regards to the companions as well as

the Prophet's (PBUH&HF) opinion through authentic Sunni traditions.

 

 

============

Introduction

============

 

The Shia do not have a unique opinion towards the companions of the

Prophet. Based on the relative authenticity and interpretations of the

transmitted traditions, some arrive at different conclusions for the second

faction of the companions mentioned below. Which tradition is more

authentic and what is its correct meaning, is something debatable. However,

here, I provide what is considered to be a typical Shi'ite position in this

regard.

 

The Shia divide the companions into three factions: First, are those who

believed in Allah (SWT), believed in the Prophet (PBUH&HF), and gave all

they could for the sake of Islam.  These are the highest in rank. These

companions ALWAYS supported the Prophet and were WITH him. They never disobeyed him in every other issue, nor did they ever accused him of

talking non-sense! (may Allah protect us). Examples include, but are not

limited to, Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS), Abu Dhar al-Ghifari, Salman al-Farsi,

Miqdad, Amar Ibn Yasir, Jabir Ibn Abdillah al-Ansari, ... may Allah (SWT)

be pleased with them.

 

The second group, are those who believed in Allah (SWT) and the Prophet

(PBUH&HF), but were not sincere to the fullest limit.  These include, but

are not limited to, Abu Bakr and Umar.

 

The third group, are those who became apostate after the death of Prophet

as al-Bukhari recorded (see below), or those who neither believed in Allah

(SWT), nor the Prophet (PBUH&HF) in the first place, but managed to

infiltrate the Islamic isles to be included among the Muslims.  These are

the hypocrites, like Abu Sufyan, his son Muawiyah, and his grandson Yazid.

Yazid, when he became caliph, said:

 

     "Hashimite played with the throne, but no revelation was revealed, nor

     was there a true message!!!"

 

Sunni references:

- History of al-Tabari, Arabic, 13, p2174

- Tadhkirat al-Khawas, Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi al-Hanafi, p261

 

"Hashimite" is the clan and tribe of the Prophet (PBUH&HF), and this is an

intentional pun suggesting that the Prophet (PBUH&HF) was a liar, not a

true prophet. The "throne (sovereignty)" is an allusion to the control of

the affairs of Mecca and the entire region, meaning that the tribe of

Hashim controlled the entire region by virtue of the Message of Islam and

that Muhammad (PBUH&HF) is the chosen Prophet, but really there was no

revelation and there was no message!!!  That is Yazid's opinion of Allah

(SWT), Islam, and the Prophet (PBUH&HF).  His father, Muawiyah, and his

grandfather, Abu Sufyan, were no better. At the beginning the reign of

Uthman when Umayad occupied the prominent positions, Abu Sufayn said:

 

     "O Children of Umayyah! Now that this kingdom has come to you, play

     with it as the children play with a ball, and pass it from one to

     another in your clan. We are not sure whether there is a paradise or

     hell, but this kingdom is a reality."

 

Sunni references:

- al-Isti'ab, by Ibn Abd al-Barr, v4, p1679

- Sharh Ibn Abil Hadid, v9, p53 which quotes the last sentence as follows:

  "By him in whose name Abu Sufyan swears, there is neither punishment nor

  reckoning, neither Garden nor Fire, neither Resurrection nor Day of

  Judgment!"

 

Then Abu Syfyan went to Uhud and kicked at the grave of Hamza (the uncle of

the Prophet who was martyred in the Battle of Uhud in fighting against Abu

Sufyan) and said: "O Abu Ya'la! See that the kingdom which you fought

against has finally come back to us." (Sharh Ibn Abil Hadid, v16, p136).

 

Now let us see what his son, Muawiyah, said when he took over the

Caliphate:

 

     "I didn't fight you to pray, fast, and pay charity, but rather to be

     your leader and control you!!!"

 

This is an indication that Muawiyah never cared about any of Islam's

mandates, nor Allah's (SWT) orders; rather his war was politically

motivated to gain control of the whole region and take over the Caliphate.

It is no wonder or surprise!  Muawiyah poisoned Imam al-Hasan (AS), the

greater son of Fatimah (AS) -- the daughter of the Prophet (PBUH&HF).

 

Sunni references:

- Tadhkirat al-Khawas, Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi al-Hanafi, pp 191-194

- Ibn Abd al-Barr, in his "Seera"

- Abu Nu'aym

- Also reported by the traditionists such as al-Suddi and al-Sha'bi.

 

Then Yazid, the Muawiyah's son, slaughtered Imam al-Husain (AS), in the

desert of Karbala in Iraq, and ordered that Imam al-Husain's (AS) head be

carried on a spear and displayed in towns for people to see it!  May Allah

avenge the Prophet's family!!! May Allah avenge the Prophet's family!!!

May Allah avenge the Prophet's (PBUH&HF) family!!!

 

 

==============

The Holy Quran

==============

Now let us look at the Holy Quran for different categories:

 

The first faction of the companions are characterized by Allah (SWT) in

this verse:

 

     "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are

     strong against the unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each

     other.  Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer),

     seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure.  On their faces are

     their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration.  This is their

     similitude in the Taurat (Torah); And their similitude in the Gospel

     is: Like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it

     then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the

     sowers with wonder and delight.  As a result, it fills the Unbelievers

     with rage at them.  Allah has promised those among them who believe

     and do righteous deeds Forgiveness, and a great Reward. [48:29]"

 

These companions (May Allah (SWT) be Pleased With Them), the Shia and the

Sunnis have NO quarrel about.  As such, they will not be discussed here.

However, note what Allah (SWT) in His (SWT) infinite wisdom states in the

last line: "Allah has promised those among them who believe and do

righteous deeds Forgiveness, and a great Reward."  Now, note "...those

among them..."  Why didn't Allah (SWT) say "Allah has promised ALL OF

THEM?"  Because not all of them were righteous!  That's what the Shia are

trying to convey to the world!  The Sunnis, whenever they bless the Prophet

(PBUH&HF), they also bless ALL the companions, with NO exception.  Why did

Allah (SWT), their Creator (SWT), make an exception, while the Sunni

Muslims don't?  This is a sign for those who reflect...

 

Moreover, the verse specifies those who were WITH the Prophet, which means

those who were obedient to him and did not oppose/discredit him. Certainly

the hypocrites walked with the Prophet and used to attach themselves to

him, yet NO Muslim ever entitle them to the above verse which states "those

who were WITH him".

 

As for the second faction of the companions, Allah (SWT) said:

 

     "O ye who believe! What is the matter with you, that when ye are asked

     to go forth in the Cause of Allah, ye cling heavily to the earth? Do

     ye prefer the life of this world to the Hereafter? But little is the

     comfort of this life, as compared with the Hereafter.  Unless ye go

     forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty, and put others in

     your place; But Him ye would not harm in the least, For Allah hath

     power over all things."[9:38-39]

 

This is a clear indication that some of the companions were lazy during the

call to Jihad and other activities, and, thus, deserved the above reprimand

by Allah (SWT). This is not the only instance where Allah (SWT) threatened

to replace them:

 

     "... If you turn back (from the path), He will substitute in your

     stead another people; then they would not be like you! [47:38]"

 

Could you tell me Who Allah is referring by "you" in the above verse? Allah

also said:

 

     "O you who believe! Do not raise your voices above the voice of

     prophet ... lest your deeds become null while you do not perceive."

     (Quran 49:2).

 

Authentic Sunni traditions confirm that there have been some companions who

used to oppose the Prophet's order and quarrel with him in several

occasions:

 

a) There was the issue of the captives of the battle "Badr" that the

   Prophet ordered their freedom for payment of the ransom money (Fidyah),

   and these companions went against it.

 

b) There was the battle of "Tabook" that the Prophet ordered to slaughter

   the camels, to save their lives, and the same people went against it.

 

c) There was the treaty of "Hudabiyyah" that the Prophet wanted to make

   peace with people of Mecca, and the very same companions went against it

   and they even cast doubt about the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH&HF).

 

d) There was the battle of "Hunain" where they accused the Prophet of

   injustice in distributing the war booty.

 

e) There was the appointment of "Usamah Ibn Zayd" who was assigned as the

   leader of Islamic army by the Prophet, and these companions disobeyed

   the order to follow him.

 

f) There was a tragic Thursday when the Messenger of Allah wanted to state

   his will, and the very same companions accused him of talking non-sense

   and prevented him to do so.

 

And there are many more of such reports which can be even found in Sahih al-

Bukhari.

 

As for the third faction of the companions, there is a whole chapter in the

holy Quran addressing them: "al-Munafiqun --The Hypocrites -- Ch. 63", and

beside that there are many other verses in this regard as well. Allah (SWT)

states in the Quran:

 

     "Muhammad is no more than a Messenger: many were the Messengers that

     passed away before him.  If he died or were slain, will ye then turn

     back on your heels?  If any did turn back on his heels, not the least

     harm will he do to Allah; But Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly

     reward those who (serve Him) with gratitude. [3:144]"

 

This verse was revealed when some of the companions ran away from the

battle of Uhud, when they falsely heard that Prophet was killed. Although

they were forgiven by Prophet later, but the above verse gives a

possibility that some of the companions may abandon Islam if the Prophet

(PBUH&HF) dies. But Allah (SWT) makes exceptions: "...those who (serve Him)

with gratitude." Again, Allah (SWT) states:

 

     "O ye who believe! If any from among you turn back from his faith,

     soon will Allah produce a people whom He will love as they will love

     Him, --Lowly with the Believers, Mighty against the Rejecters,

     fighting in the way of Allah, and never afraid of the reproaches of

     such as find fault.  That is the Grace of Allah, which He will bestow

     on whom He pleaseth.  And Allah encompasseth all, And He knoweth all

     things. [5:54]"

 

 

========================

The Authentic Traditions

========================

Before giving more straightforward verses from Quran for this third group,

let me give you some traditions from Sahih al-Bukhari which confirms

apostasy for them. Since al-Bukhari has CONFIRMED the authenticity of the

following tradition, I hope you do not consider him a "Kafir" after reading

these traditions.

 

          NOTE: As usual, the numbers match the Arabic-English

          version of Sahih al-Bukhari which is available in almost

          every places. The first number before the point indicates

          the volume number, and the number after the point

          indicates the tradition number (NOT the page number). For

          example Hadith 8.578 indicates volume 8, tradition #578.

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.578

Narrated 'Abdullah:

 

     The Prophet said, "I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount." 'Abdullah

     added: The Prophet said, "I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount, and

     some of you will be brought in front of me till I will see them and

     then they will be taken away from me and I will say, 'O Lord, my

     companions!' It will be said, 'You do not know what they did after you

     had left.'

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.584

Narrated Anas:

 

     The Prophet said, "Some of my companions will come to me at my Lake

     Fount, and after I recognize them, they will then be taken away from

     me, whereupon I will say, 'My companions!' Then it will be said, 'You

     do not know what they innovated (new things) in the religion after

     you." (also Sahih Muslim, part 15, pp 53-54)

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.585

Narrated Abu Hazim from Sahl bin Sa'd:

 

     The Prophet said, "I am your predecessor (forerunner) at the Lake-

     Fount, and whoever will pass by there, he will drink from it and

     whoever will drink from it, he will never be thirsty. There will come

     to me some people whom I will recognize, and they will recognize me,

     but a barrier will be placed between me and them." Abu Hazim added:

     Nu'man bin Abi 'Aiyash, on hearing me, said. "Did you hear this from

     Sahl?" I said, "Yes." He said, " I bear witness that I heard Abu Said

     al-Khudri saying the same, adding that the Prophet said: 'I will say:

     They are my companions. Then it will be said to me, 'You do not know

     what they innovated (new things) in the religion after you left'.

     I will say, 'Far removed, far removed (from mercy), those who changed

     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

     after me." Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said, "On the Day of

     Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be

                  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

     driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord

     (those are) my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge

     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

     as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate as

     renegades (reverted from the true Islam)."^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.586

Narrated Ibn al-Musaiyab:

 

     "Some men from my companions will come to my Lake-Fount and they will

     be driven away from it, and I will say, 'O Lord, my companions!' It

     will be said, 'You have no knowledge of what they innovated after you

     left: they turned APOSTATE as renegades (reverted from true Islam)."

     (also Sahih Muslim, part 10, p64, also P59)

 

 

Sahih Bukhari Hadith: 8.587

Narrated Abu Huraira:

 

     The Prophet said, "While I was sleeping, a group (of my followers were

     brought close to me), and when I recognized them, a man (an angel)

     came out from amongst (us) me and them, he said (to them), 'Come

     along.' I asked, 'Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah' I

     asked, 'what is wrong with them?' He said, 'They turned APOSTATE as

     renegades after you left.' Then behold! (Another) group (of my

     followers) were brought close to me, and when I recognized them, a man

     (an angel) came out from (me and them) he said (to them); Come along.'

     I asked, "Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah.' I asked,

     What is wrong with them?' He said, 'They turned APOSTATE as renegades

     after you left. So I did not see anyone of them escaping except a few

     who were like camels without a shepherd."

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.592

Narrated Asma 'bint Abu Bakr:

 

     The Prophet said, "I will be standing at the Lake-Fount so that I will

     see whom among you will come to me; and some people will be taken away

     from me, and I will say, 'O Lord, (they are) from me and from my

     followers.' Then it will be said, 'Did you notice what they did after

     you? By Allah, they kept on turning on their heels (turned away from

     true Islam).' " The sub-narrator, Ibn Abi Mulaika said, "O Allah, we

     seek refuge with You from turning on our heels, or being put to trial

     in our religion."

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 9.172

Narrated Asma':

 

     The Prophet said, "I will be at my Lake-Fount (Kauthar) waiting for

     whoever will come to me. Then some people will be taken away from me

     whereupon I will say, 'My followers!' It will be said, 'You do not

     know they turned APOSTATES as renegades (deserted their religion).'"

     (Ibn Abi Mulaika said, "Allah, we seek refuge with You from turning on

     our heels from the (Islamic) religion and from being put to trial").

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 9.173

Narrated 'Abdullah:

 

     The Prophet said, "I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount (Kauthar)

     and some men amongst you will be brought to me, and when I will try to

     hand them some water, they will be pulled away from me by force

     whereupon I will say, 'O Lord, my companions!' Then the Almighty will

     say, 'You do not know what they did after you left, they introduced

     new things into the religion after you.'"           ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 9.174

Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd:

 

     I heard the Prophet saying, "I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount

     (Kauthar), and whoever will come to it, will drink from it, and

     whoever will drink from it, will never become thirsty after that.

     There will come to me some people whom I know and they know me, and

     then a barrier will be set up between me and them." Abu Sa'id al-

     Khudri added that the Prophet further said: "I will say those people

     are from me. It will be said, 'You do not know what changes and new

     things they did after you.' Then I will say, 'Far removed (from

                                 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

     mercy), far removed (from mercy), those who changed after me!' "

     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 8.434

Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir:

 

     The Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayer for the martyrs of

     the (battle of) Uhud and then ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your

     predecessor and I am a witness against you. By Allah, I am now looking

     at my Tank-lake (Al-Kauthar) and I have been given the keys of the

     treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not

     afraid that you become polytheist after me, but I am afraid that you

     will start competing for it (i.e., the pleasures and treasures of this

     world).

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 3.555

Narrated Abu Huraira:

 

     The Prophet said, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, I will drive some

     people out from my (sacred) Fount on the Day of Resurrection as

     strange camels are expelled from a private trough."

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 4.375

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

 

     ... The Prophet said to the Ansar: "You will find after me some great

     selfishness (UTHRAH). Then be patient till you meet Allah and meet His

     Apostle at al-Kauthar (i.e. a fount in Paradise)." (Anas added:) But

     we did not remain patient.

 

Note: In English translation of Sahih al-Bukhari 'Uthrah' (selfishness) has

been translated to another word, but the rest are the same.

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 5.488

Narrated al-Musaiyab:

 

     I met al-Bara bin 'Azib and said (to him). "May you live prosperously!

     You enjoyed the company of the Prophet and gave him the Pledge of

     allegiance (of al-Hudaibiya) under the Tree (of al-Hudaybiyah)." On

     that, al-Bara' said, "O my nephew! You do not know what we have done

     after him (i.e. his death)."

=========

These traditions, nonetheless, indicate the Prophet's (PBUH&HF) knowledge

and awareness that some of his companions will change after him (PBUH&HF),

and, therefore, will be condemned to hell.  This is another reason why the

Shia maintain that the Prophet (PBUH&HF) MUST have had a special vicegerent

to trust the affairs of the Ummah (Nation) to -- a vicegerent that will NOT

mutilate the religion and will remain steadfast until he meets his Creator

(SWT).

 

It is a known fact that the companions quarreled after the death of the

Prophet (PBUH&HF), and wars were waged.  The fact, again and again, that

the companions were divided is illuminated by Allah (SWT) in the following

verse:

 

     "Let there be among you an Ummah inviting to all that is good,

     enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong.  They are

     the ones to attain felicity.  Be not like those who are divided

     amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving Clear

     Signs: For them is a dreadful Chastisement. On the Day when some faces

     will be (lit up with) white, and some faces will be (in the gloom of)

     black: To those whose faces will be black, (will be said): Did ye

     reject Faith after accepting it?  Taste then the Chastisement for

     rejecting Faith." [3:104-106]

 

The above verse shows among the companion there were a group (Ummah) who

will remain righteous. The verse emphasizes that this Ummah is AMONG THEM

so it does not cover all of them. However. the latter part the verse

describes the thrid group who were apostatized (turned back on) their

faith after the Prophet (PBUH&HF) died.  The verse indicates that on the

Day of Judgment, there will be two factions: one with white-lit faces, and

the other with black-lit faces; that's another hint that the companions

will be divided.

 

Here are some more verses from the Quran that address the third group of

companions and their actions:

 

     "They swear by Allah that they said nothing (evil), but indeed they

     uttered blasphemy, and they uttered it after accepting Islam: and they

     meditated a plot which they were unable to carry out: this revenge of

     theirs was (their) only return for the bounty with which Allah and His

     Messenger had enriched them! If they repent, it will be best for them:

     But if they turn back (to their evil ways), Allah will punish them

     with a grievous chastisement in this life and in the Hereafter: They

     shall have none on earth to protect or help them. [9:74]"

 

     "So He hath put as a consequence hypocrisy into their hearts, (to

     last) till the Day whereon they shall meet Him: because they broke

     their Covenant with Allah, and because they lied (again and again).

     [9:77]"

 

     "The Arabs are the worst in unbelief and hypocrisy, and most fitted

     to be in ignorance of the command which Allah hath sent down to His

     Messenger: But Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. [9:97]"

 

     "Hast thou not turned thy thought to those who declare that they

     believe in the revelations that have come to thee and to those before

     thee?  Their (real) wish is to resort together for judgment (in their

     disputes) to the Evil (Tagut) though they were ordered to reject him.

     But Satan's wish is to lead them astray far away (from the Right).

     [4:60]"

 

     "In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease:

     And grievous is the chastisement they (incur), because they lied (to

     themselves). [2:10]"

 

Now let us look at the following verse:

 

     "Has not the time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all

     humility should engage in the remembrance of Allah and of the Truth

     which has been revealed (to them), and that they should not become

     like those to whom was given The Book aforetime, but long ages passed

     over them and their hearts grew hard?  For many among them are

     rebellious transgressors. [57:16]"

 

There may be some translations which state that the above verse is meant to

address the Jews and the Christians.  That is not true, because it

contradicts the verse itself. First, Allah (SWT) is addressing the

companions and THEN comparing them to the Jews and the Christians.  How

then could it be that Allah (SWT) tells the Jews and the Christians: "Has

not the time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility

should engage in the remembrance of Allah..."  and then tell them: "...and

that they should not become like those to whom was given The Book

aforetime..."  Why would Allah (SWT) compare  the Christians (or the Jews)

to themselves? Does that make sense?  No, and Allah (SWT) doesn't

contradict Himself (SWT).  Rather, the verse was revealed as a questioning

by Allah (SWT) regarding some of the the Muhajiroon (the Immigrants), who

17 years after the Quran was revealed, had still not fully believed in

their HEARTS. Allah (SWT), as a result, showed disapproval. Again, at the

end, Allah points out that among them are many rebellious transgressors.

=========

As we mentioned, there are some verses in Quran which admired the first

faction among the companions. Nevertheless, these verses do not include ALL

the companions. Quran often uses the phrase "believers among them" or

"those who preceded in belief among them" which shows it does not address

the whole companions. In fact some hypocrites were among the companions.

If hypocrites were known among the companions they would be no longer

hypocrites and would become known enemy.

 

Moreover, when Allah states I WAS pleased with them till today, it does not

imply that they will also be good tomorrow. It is inconceivable that Allah

will give a permanent immunity to some people who supposedly have done some

good things earlier, but they shed the blood of thousands of innocent

Muslims later after the departure of Prophet. If it were so, it would mean

that a companion could cancel all the Quranic rules and the instructions

of the Prophet. However, as I mentioned, Shia do not discredit all the

companions. There were companions who are in great respect for us. These

are those whom Allah admired in the Holy Quran. As you might have noticed,

those verses in the Holy Quran do not include all the companions. When

Allah states:

 

 9:100 And those who preceded (in belief), FROM AMONG Immigrants and

       Helpers and those who followed them in what was good, Allah * WAS *

       satisfied with them; He has prepared for them gardens under which

       rivers flow to dwell therein for ever. That is the great felicity.

 

 9:101 And (however) among the ARABS AROUND YOU ARE HYPOCRITES, and

       also among the people of Madina (there are some who) persist

       in hypocrisy whom you (O Muhammad) DO NOT KNOW. We, We know

       them, and We shall punish them twice; then they will be sent to

       a painful doom.

 

The above verses show that:

 

   1- Allah WAS satisfied with them, but may not be applicable later.

 

   2- Allah addressing those who preceded in belief from among them, thus

      it means He is not addressing all of the companions.

 

   3- Immediately in the next verse, Allah talks about the hypocrites

      arround Prophet who pretend to be his sincere companions and even

      Prophet does not know them according to the above verse. This is in

      conformity with the traditions of Sahih al-Bukhari mentioned above

      that Allah will say to His Prophet that "You do not know what these

      companions have done after you left them."

 

Of course, there are verses in Quran in which Allah uses past tense verb,

but it is intended as present and/or future tense verb. However it is not

always the case. There are many verses in Quran in which Allah clearly

states that He changes His decisions in time based on our actions at each

instant of time. Allah is not in the domain of time, but He has ability

to change his decision in the dimension of time. Of course He previously

know what He will to change later, and He has the foreknowledge of every

thing. He does not treat a believer in a bad manner today, even though

He knows that this believer will become apostate tomorrow.

 

To clarify this point, please see verses of Quran such as 8:65-66, 7:153,

16:110, 16:119, 13:11, in which Allah clearly states He changes His

decision based on our behavior. You can locate many verses like these in

Quran.

 

Thus Allah's judgment about human beings changes in time according to our

actions. If we do something good, He will get please with us, and then if

we do something bad, He gets angry from us, and so on. Companions are not

exempt from this rule. Any body who does good deeds, Allah was pleased

with him, no matter if he was companion or not.

 

Allah is JUST. He does not discriminate between companion and others who

live at this time. No body is guaranteed to go to paradise if he or she

does wrong things, kills innocents,... . Otherwise Allah is not just.

Allah states in Quran that "Every body is responsible for what he has

done." (Quran 74:38).

 

Allah Also states: "Fulfill your propmise, so that I fullfill My Promise."

(Quran 2:40). Thus even if we assume for the sake of argument that the

verse 9:100 implies "all" the companions have been promised Paradise,

the verse 2:40 clearly states that if those people break their convenant

after the death of the messenger of Allah and kill innocents, then Allah

will not fulfill His promise for them either.

 

Let us also look at the following Quranic verses which clearly shows that

even a person with high virtues who deserves paradise, can BURN OUT all his

good deeds (Habt of Amal) at once! So never judge people for their early

good work (if any!). We should always look at the final result of each

person. Even prophet didn't know what will be his destiny till he died

(i.e., till he passed his final exam!) because he had freedom to do wrong

things too.

 

Allah said: "(O Prophet) If you ascribe a partner to Allah, your work will

BURN OUT, and you will be among the losers." (Quran 39:65)

 

If prophet's deeds are in danger of BURNING, it is clear how to judge for

the companions. Of course prophet did not burn out his deeds, but there was

potential of danger of burning for him too.

 

Allah also said: "And if any of you turn back from their faith and die in

disbelief, their works BURN OUT and will be of no use in this world and

Hereafter, and they will be companions of Fire for ever." (Quran 2:217)

 

He, Exalted, also said: "Those who become unbeliever after they have been

believer, and grow violent in disbelief, their repentance will not be

accepted and such people are those who go astray." (Quran 3:90)

 

He also said: "On that day (Doomsday) some faces will be bright and some

faces will be dark. To those whose faces will be dark (will be said:) Did

you reject faith after accepting it? Taste the penalty for rejecting

faith!" (Quran 3:106)

 

Allah also said: "Those who believe, then reject faith, then believe

(again), and then reject faith (again) and go on in disbelief, Allah will

not forgive them nor guide them on the way." (Quran 4:137)

 

So it is quite possible for a believer whom Allah is satisfied with him,

to become unbeliever tomorrow. Otherwise if somebody is promised that

Allah is satisfied with him for ever and unconditionally (no mater he

kills innocents or does any other wrong thing later), then it means that he

is no longer under the test of Allah, which is in contradiction with

several verses of Quran.

*************************************************************************

 


 "WHOEVER I AM HIS MASTER, ALI IS HIS MASTER. O God! Love those who love him. Be hostile to those who are hostile to him. Hate those who hate him. Help those who help him. And keep the truth with him wherever he turns." (repeating this paragraph three times). 

 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

Respect of the Sahaba
Munafiqeen among Sahabah
 
 

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم