Thaqalain - Part 6


From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"

To: zanzinet

Subject: Thaqalain part 6

Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 09:29:15 PDT




Assalamun alaikum


Today we continue with the Thaqalain Part 6.






Ghadir (I)


Hamveni narrates in Faraed-us- Simtain from Saeed Ibne Jabir and he from Ibne Abbas that: The Prophet (s.a.w) told Imam Ali (a.s), 'O Ali (a.s) I am the city of knowledge and you are its gate a city can be entered into only through the gate. He gravely mistaken who, whilst being your enemy, considers himself to be my friend for you are from me and I am from you, your flesh is from my flesh, your blood is from my blood, your soul is from my soul, your internals are from my internals, your externals are from my externals. You are the Imam of my community and my Khalifa over them AFTER ME. Lucky is he who obeys you and wretched is he who disobeys you. He who loves you is in gain while he who bears enmity to you is in loss. He who holds fast to you is successful while he who forsake you get perished. Your descent is the similitude of the Ark of Nuh. He who boards it shall be saved while he who forsakes it shall be drowned. You are like the stars in heaven, if one star disappears another takes its place, till the Day of Judgment.'





Shakir 5:67] O Messenger! deliver what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people; surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.


In this verse we observe how the glory Prophet (saw) was terrified by people to delivery THIS IMPORTANT MESSAGE across, to which Allah caution him, if he would not delivered then he has not convey his message ‘MA BALAGHA RISALA’. This caution has no example in the Quran that if he would not deliver he has not conveyed Allah message. It is not that the Prophet (saw) objected to delivered the message, but he knew quite clear those who opposed him among companions were in majority, even after Allah promised him to protect him against those people who wanted to resist THIS IMPORTANT MESSAGE.



Furthermore, it is also to be understood the importance of this verse of where it was revealed, when the timing was and under what circumstances. All prominent scholars agree that this verse was revealed in a place called Ghadeer Khum between Mecca and Medina, near Mecca, when the Prophet (saw) was returning from the last ritual of Hajj (Hajjatul Widaa) with more than a hundred thousand people were with him. For example Jalalduddin Suyuti in Durre Mansoor, vol II page 298, Imam Fakhruddin Razi, tafseer-e Kabeer, vol III page 636; Nizamuddin Nishapuri, tafseer, vol VI, page 170, Sayed Shahabuddin Aloosi Baghdadi, Roohul Ma'ani, vol II page 348, Qazi Shekani: Fathu'l-Ghadir, vol. III, p.57, Seyyed Jamalu'd-din Shirazi: Arba'in; Badru'd-din anafi: Umdatu'l-Fi Qari Sharh-e-Sahih Bukhari, vol. 8, p. 584; Ahmad Tha'labi: Tafsir Kashfu'l-Bayan, and many others.



Ibne Jareer al Tabari in the Kitabul Wilaya has narrated from Zaid bin Arqam that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) on his return form the from the last ritual of Hajj (Hajjatul Widaa), halted at the Ghadeer-e Khum at noon and there in the heat of the  sun, delivered an eloquent address to the following effect :


"The Almighty Allah has revealed to me the verse 'Balligh ma." And Jibraeel has told me to stop at this very place to tell every one of the people (white or black) that Ali Ibne Abi Talib (a.s) is my brother, my Wasi and my successor to follow me as the Imam. I had told Jibraeel that the supporters is meager while the aggressively inclined elements are in large number. The people speak ill of me on the ground of the love of Ali (a.s). I can even name them. Bit I consider it a merit to overlook the same. I, however, inform you, in any case, that Allah has appointed Ali (a.s) as your guardian and Imam. It is now obligatory on every one to render him obedience. His command are authoritative and his word in infallible. His foe is accursed and his friend is blessed. You should all obey Ali (a.s), in-as-much as Allah is your Sovereign and Ali (a.s) is your Imam. The line of Imamat after him shall continue to his progeny. Try to understand the Book of Allah and do not get confused in the verse which have a metaphysical connotation. The Knowledge shall reach you through him. Whose arms I hold in my hands and whom I exalt Bear in mind that he who befriends me should also befriend Ali (a.s.). These verse have been revealed from Allah which commandments on receipt thereof. I am communicating to you. this exposition of mine is quite manifest."


Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal has quoted the same hadith as  narrated by Zayd ibn Arqam thus:

    "We were in the company of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, when he camped in a valley called Wadi Khumm, and he ordered everyone to gather for prayers in midday heat. He then delivered a sermon to us under the shade of a robe over a rush tree [Juncus spinosus] to protect him from the heat of the sun. He said: `Do you know - or do you bear witness - that I have more authority over a believer's life than the believer himself has?' They answered: `Yes, indeed, we do.' He said: `Whosoever accepts me as his mawla, `Ali is his mawla; O Lord! Befriend whosoever befriends `Ali and be the enemy of whomsoever opposes `Ali.'"


Sa`d is also quoted saying: "We were in the company of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w). When he arrived at Ghadir Khumm, those who went ahead of him returned to join him, while he waited for those who lagged behind, till all people assembled. Then he said: `O people! Who is your wali?'They answered: `Allah and His Messenger.' Then he took `Ali's hand, made him rise and said: `Whoever has taken Allah and His Messenger as his wali, this (`Ali) is his wali; O Lord! Befriend whoever befriends him and be the enemy of whoever chooses to be his enemy.'"


Al-Nisa'i quotes Zayd ibn Arqam saying that when the Prophet (s.a.w) returned from the Farewell Pilgrimage, and having reached Ghadir Khumm, he ordered the ground under a few huge trees to be swept clean. He announced: "It looks like I have been invited [to my Lord's presence] and I have accepted the invitation, and I am leaving with you the Two Weighty Things, one of them is bigger than the other: the Book of Allah and my Progeny, my Household; so, see how you succeed me in faring with both of them, for they shall never part from each other till they join me at the Pool." Then he added: "Allah is my Master, and I am the master (mawla) of every believer." Taking `Ali's hand, he added saying, "To whomsoever I have been a master, this `Ali is his master; O Lord! Befriend those who    befriend him, and be the enemy of all those who antagonize him."


Imam Ahmed has recorded this hadith from al-Bara' ibn `Azib[*] from two avenues saying; it reads: "We were in the company of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) when we camped at Ghadir Khumm. The call for congregational prayers was made. The site of two trees was chosen, and  it was swept clean. He    performed the noon-time prayers then took `Ali by the hand and asked the crowd: `Do you not know that I have more authority over the believers than the believers themselves have?' They answered: `Yes, we do.' He asked: `Do you know that I have more authority over every believer than the believer himself    has?' They answered in the affirmative; then he took `Ali's hand and said: `Whoever has accepted me as  his master, this `Ali is his master; O Lord! Befriend whoever befriends him and be the enemy of whoever chooses to be his enemy.' `Umer met him  immediately following that and said to him: `Congratulations to you, son of Abu Talib! You have become, at dawn and at sunset, the master of every believing man and woman.'"


[*] This occurs on page 281 of his Al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyya, in a chapter dealing with `Ali's status in the eyes of Allah, the Exalted, the omni-Scient, and also on page 25 of another chapter enjoining acceptance of his wilayat and warning against bearing animosity towards him.


The book of 'Sirrul Aalameen, compiled by Abu Hamid Muhammad Ghazali, a portion of his fourth Treatise, p 12, he says: "Proof  and reasoning become brighter, and there is unanimous  accord among the muslims on the text of the address on the day of 'Ghadeer-e-Khum' that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said, "Of whomsoever I am Maula (Master) Ali is his Maula (Master)." Then immediately Omar said, "Congratulation to you, congratulation to you, O Abul Hassan! You are my Master and also the Master of all faithful men and women." "


When it was confirmed that Ali would succeed, and many people congratulated him on that, including Abu Bakr and Umar who were among the well-wishers, and who were quoted as having said to the Ali, Well done, Ibn Abi Talib, overnight you have become a master of all the believers." 


Tabari has reported from the authority of Zaid bin Arqam that : First among those who presented to him (Ali -a.s) their felicitation and took oath of allegiance to him were Abu Baker, Umar, Uthman, Talha, Zubair and the rest of Muhajirs. They were followed by Ansars. This ceremony of taking oath continued for such a long time that Imam Ali (a.s) had to say his Zohar and Asar prayer combinedly…. This business of taking of oath of allegiance continued for full three days.


The author of 'Rawzatus Safaa, Vol 1, page 13, after mentioning the Hadith-e Ghadeer states: The the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) seated himself in one tent, and caused Imam Ali (a.s.) to be seated in a separate tent set up for him. Then he ordered the people to go and present their felicitations to Imam Ali (a.s).


See these books Musnad, Ahmed ibn Hanbal, vol 4 p 281;  Tadhkirat al Awas, Ibn al Jawzi, p 29;  Al Riyadh al Nazarah, al Tabari, vol 2 p 169;  al  Bidayah wan Nihayah, vol 5 p 212;  Tarikh, Ibn Asakir, vol 2 p 50; Tafsir, al Razi, vol 3 p 63;  al Hawi lil Fatawi, al Suyuti, vol 1 p 112 and many others.


Afterward the proclamation this verse was revealed : "This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed my favor on you and chosen for you Islam for a religion." (5:3)


Some of ulema of Ahle Sunna have said that this verse was revealed on the day of Arafa, but a large number of reputable ulema have also said that it was revealed on the day of Ghadir. Also some of ulema hold the view that perhaps this verse was revealed twice, once at the close of the day of Arafa and then again on the day of Ghadir.


Accordingly, Sibt Ibn Jauzi says in his Khawasu'l-Umma, p. 18: "It is probable that this verse was revealed twice, once on the day of Arafa and once on the day of Ghadir-e-Khum, just as the verse: 'In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful' was revealed twice, once in Mecca and then again in Medina."


Trustworthy scholars, such as Jalalu'd-din Suyuti in Durru'l-Mansur, vol. II, p. 256 and Itqan, vol. I, p. 31; Imamu'l-Mufassirin Tha'labi in Kashfu'l-Bayan; Hafiz Abu Nu'aim Ispahani in Ma Nusala Mina'l-Qur'an Fi Ali; Abu'l-Fatha Nazari in Khasa'isu'l-Alawi; Ibn Kathir Shami in Tafsir, vol. II, p. 41, following Hafiz Ibn Mardawiyya: Muhammad Bin Jarir Tabari, scholar, commentator and historian of the 3rd century A.H. in Tafsir-e-Kitabu'l-Wilaya; Hafiz Abu'l-Qasim Haskani in Shawahid-ut-Tanzil; Sibt Ibn Jauzi in Tadhkira-e-Khawasu'l-Umma, p. 18; Abu Ishaq Hamwaini in Fara'id-us-Simtain, ch. XII; Abu Sa'id Sijistani in Kitabu'l-Wilaya; Al-Khatib-e-Baghdadi in Ta'rikh-e-Baghdad, vol. VIII, p. 290; Ibn Maghazili Faqih Shafi'i in Manaqib, ch. XIV and Maqtalu'l-Husain, ch. IV, all have written that on the day of Ghadir-e-Khum the Holy Prophet appointed Ali by divine order to the rank of wilaya (Vicegerent). He told the people whatever he was ordained to say about Ali and raised his hands so high that the white of both his armpits was visible. He addressed the people thus: "Salute Ali because he is the amir (lord) of the believers. The whole Community complied with his order. They had not yet departed from one another when the aforesaid verse was revealed."


The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) was highly pleased with the revelation of this verse. So, addressing the people, he said: "Allah is Great, He who has perfected for them their religion and has completed His favor on them and is satisfied with my Prophethood and Ali's vicegerency after me."


Another proof of its fame is what has been recorded by Abu Ishaq al-Tha`labi while explaining Surat     al-Ma`arij in his book Al-Tafsir al-Kabir, relying on two very  highly respected sources, and stating the following:


    The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, ordered people on the Ghadir Day to assemble, then he took `Ali's hand and said: "Whoever accepts me as his mawla, `Ali is  his mawla." The news of this announcement spread throughout the land, and al-Nu`man al-Fahri came to know about this hadith. Riding his she-camel, he came to meet the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny. Having alighted, he said the following to the Prophet: "O Muhammad! You ordered us to bear witness that there is no deity except Allah and that  you are the Messenger of Allah, and we obeyed; then you ordered us to offer prayers five times a day, and we agreed; then you ordered us to pay zakat, and we agreed; then you ordered us to fast during the month of Ramadan and we agreed; then you ordered us to perform the pilgrimage and we greed; then, as if all of this is not sufficient, you favoured your cousin to all of us and said `Whoever accepts me as his mawla, `Ali is his mawla;' is this one of your own orders, or is it Allah's?" He, peace be upon him and his progeny, answered: "I swear by the  One and only God that this is the command of Allah, the Exalted and omni-Scient;" whereupon al-Harith left heading towards his animal murmuring softly to himself: "O Lord! If what Muhammad (s.a.w) says is true, then let it rain stones, or let a severe torment descend upon us." He hardly reached his animal before Allah caused a stone to cleave his head, penetrate his body and come out of his anus, leaving him dead on the spot. It is in reference to that incident that Allah Almighty revealed the following verse:


    "A man who brought a question (to the Prophet) asked for a sure penalty - which cannot be warded off by those who reject the truth - from Allah, Lord of the Ways of Ascent."[*] (Qur'an, 70:1-3)


This is how the tradition, quoted verbatim,[**] concludes. Its authenticity is accepted by many Sunni scholars as a common fact,


[*]This is quoted from al-Tha`labi by a group of Sunni dignitaries such as scholar al-Shiblinji of Egypt in a biography of `Ali in his book Nurul Absar; so, you may refer to its eleventh page if you wish.


[**] Refer to what al-Halabi has quoted of the narratives related to the Farewell Pilgrimage in his book of biography  known as Al-Sira al-Halabiyya and you will find this hadith at the end of page 214 of its third volume.


To be continued.. 




Mohammed Yusuf





Narrated Aisha:
 One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)."



In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit for six or nine months, every day after morning prayer he would passed by by the door of Fatima's house and address them with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir 33.





وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness


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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم