QURAN AND HADITH REGARDING AHLEL BAIT

 
 

 

 

Thaqalain - Part 5

 

 

From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"

To: zanzinet

Subject: Thaqalain part 5

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 12:47:15 PDT

 

 

Assalamun alaikum

 

Today we continue with the Thaqalain Part 5

 

 

TRADITIONS REGARDING AHLEL BAIT (II)

 

AYYATE SALAWAT

 

Shakir 33:56] Surely Allah and His angels bless the Prophet; O you who believe! call for (Divine) blessings on him and salute him with a (becoming) salutation.
 

 

Muhammad bin Idris Shafei writes on page 97 of the second volume of his Musnad, 'It has been related to us by Ibrahim bin Muhammd and to him by Safwan bin Salim and to him by Abi Salma bin Abdu Rahman and to him by Abu Huraira: I asked the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w): 'O Messenger of Allah how can we invoke Salawat upon you?' He replied :

 

Say : O Lord, send upon Muhammad and his Aal, Your blessings as You had sent upon Ibrahim and his Aal.'"

 

Also can be found in Sahih Bukhari, volume 6, page 12; Tafseer by Tabari vol 22, page 27; Mustadrak by Hakim, vol 3, page 148; Durre Manthur vol 5, page 215 and many others.

 

Imam Fakhre Razi on page 797 of his Tafseer-e-Kabir volume VI also narrates a similar tradition, Ibne Hajar, commenting on the tradition, opines that it is clear from the tradtion that wishing of blessing on the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) is equal to wishing of blessings on his descendants. He also quotes the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) as sying: "Do not send defective (Batra) or incomplete blessings on me." When asked what he meant by defective or incomplete blessings, he said, "Do not say, 'O Allah bless Muhammad (s.a.w)' but say, 'O Allah bless Muhammad and his descendants.'"

 

In short, I cite here by way of further proof couplets of Imam Shafi which are quoted by Zarqani on page 7 of his Sharhe Mawahib, and by Imam Ahmad bin Hambal on page 323 of the 6th Volume of his Musnad and many other Sunni scholars, as follows:

 

"O Ahlel Bait, Love for you is a a duty ordained by Allah in the Quran. This is sufficient for your greatness that there is no prayer (in Tajjahud) without invoking Salawat (blessings) upon you."

 

So if their love is revealed in the Quran (42:23), enjoining it upon all whorshippers as admitted by Imam Shafi! And if their affection (mawaddah) is the reward for the Muhammad (s.a.w) Message, as expressed in the Book, and a ritual for seeking God's nearness, what is the matter then with Ahlel Sunna, who never give any weight for Ahlel Bait, regarding them as lower in postion than Sahaba?! All of Ahlel Sunnah believe in preference of first, second and third Caliphate over Ali (a.s) being the Master of the Itrat and the best of Ahlel Bait after the Prophet (s.a.w), so Ahlel Sunnah regard Ahlel Bait's position to be after that of the three Sahaba, known among them as Al-Khulafal Rashidun.

 

We have to ask, or rather challenge, Ahlel Sunnah to refer us to even one Quran verse, or one Prophetic hadith, enjoining upon the Muslim the loving for the three Caliphate, or any of the Sahaba like the above loving of Ahlel Bait?!

 

It is too far from them, nothing of the sort can found in God's Book or His Messenger's Sunnah, while many verses and tradition refer to the lofty position of Ahlel Bait, preferring  them over mankind.

 

Therefore the praying of anyone even of the first, second and third Caliphate, without sending Salawat (blessings) to the Prophet (s.a.w) and his Ahlel Bait their prayer will be invalid and rejected.

 

 

HADITH THAQALAIN

 

Reported from the companion Zaid bin Arqam:: Prophet (saw) said : "I leave among you two heavy that if you are connected with them, you will never go astray after me, Quran and Ahlul Bait, these two shall never part from each other until they come to me at the Pool (Haudh)."

Refer Sahih Muslim chapter-4 page 1873; Sahih Tirmidhi chapter 2 page 308; Tafsir Ibni Kathir chapter 4 page 122; Tarikh Baghdad chapter 8 page 442, Kanzu al- Ummal chapter 1 page 44 and other.

 

Previously I have explained this tradition (hadith), however I will add little more. How we can understand this traditon (hadith) when it says, “I leave among you two heavy that if you are connected with them, you will never go astray after me?" We hear many Muslims to claim that they like to read Quran. This Book (Quran) is one of the most read books against all other books in this world; it has overtaken the Christian book ‘the Bible’. But the great wonder is the words of the Prophet (saw) in Quran, when he said:

 

[Shakir 25:30] And the Messenger cried out: O my Lord! surely my people have treated this Quran as a forsaken thing.
 

 

Are we not daily reciting Quran, even in our prayer, why here the Prophet (saw) is complaining? The answer is quite clearly to love reciting the Quran does not mean to real follow it teaching. Similar we heard many Muslims claiming to love Ahlel Bait but do they real follow their teaching? Quite clear the majority of Muslims do not follow the teaching of Ahlel Bait, they and their traditions has been set aside and it does not have value to them. Many Muslims follow the so called tradition (hadith) of the Prophet (saw) that came through other than from Ahlel Bait. In order not to go astray we should follow both (Ahlel Bait and their traditions) as ordained by the Prophet (saw). And how can we understand Quran if it is real translation of the meaning of verses (tafsir) come through the way not ordained by the Prophet (saw)??!!

 

 

 

TRADITION REGARDING TWELVE CALIPHS

 

This famous tradition (hadith) can be obtained from many books such as the Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Muslim, and other that the Prophet (saw) has said "After me there will be twelve caliphs and all from Qurash."

 

 

We know Christians they have number 666. If you know the code number then you will able to know who the BEAST is meaning the Dajjal. This Dajjal is not mentioned by name, but by number only. So Christians are trying to label every evil one with this number. They did not left out any, our Prophet Muhammad (saw), even Protestant label Pope as Beast's with number 666, Henry Kissinger was called with this number as well as the government of the United States was labeled as Beast with number 666. The problem here is not mentioned who this BEAST belong to number 666. If we come to Muslims, we see this game with them when the Prophet (saw) said after him there will be twelve caliphs. So you will see this number is similar to jigsaw puzzle, attempt is done to link everything which should look similar toward the number 12, even those who made this the jigsaw puzzle of the number 12, add the killer of Hussain (as) on the list. Does this Prophet (saw) who is known to be the last prophet and brought completed message will not able to mention those twelve Caliphs who they are and allow the Muslims to begin to guess as Christians? Hashalillah, for this noble Prophet (saw) to do so, but the mistake are with those who oppose his tradition (hadith) and start raving. If we observe other traditions, we quite clearly see they describe the twelve caliphs where they originated; we do not need to use a jigsaw puzzle.

 

 

Reported by Sha'abi in Yanabee ul-Mawadat Vol 3 page 105 that the Prophet (saw) said:
"They will be twelve caliphs after me. Their number will be equal to the number of Caliphs of the Bani Israel and all from the Bani Hashim."

 

Shaikh Suleiman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabee ul-Mawadat, chapter 77, page 445 and Hamwaini in 'Fara'edus-Simtain' report that Ibne Abbas said :

 

I heard the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Allah saying, "I and Ali (a.s), Hassan (a.s) Hussain (a.s) and nine of the descendants of Hussain (a.s) are all completely pure and infallible."

 

Salman Farsi says, that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w). putting his hand on the shoulder of Hussain (a.s), said, "He is the Imam and the son of the Imam, and of his descendants there will be nine Imams, who will all be virtuous, Trustees of Allah and infallible."

 

 

Ibne Abil Hadeed in 'Sharhe Nahjul Balagha', report from Huzaifa bin Asyed that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Allah said, "After me there will be Imams from my progeny and their number will be equal to the number of Bani Israil's heralds that is, twelve, of whom nine will be Hussain's (a.s) descendants. Allah has bestowed upon all them, because surely they know better than you. Follow them, since they are, definitely, with Truth, and Truth is with them."

 

We can find the full names in the book of Yanabee Mawadat of Shaikh ul-Suleiman Balkhi Hanafi in Chapter 76, that a Jew came to a prophet (saw) named as Na'asal is and asked questions about the unity (Tauhid). The Prophet (saw) answered him and later converted and became a Muslim. Then he asked: "O Holy Prophet of Allah, every prophet has his vicegerent and our Prophet Musa (as) bin Imran made ​​vicegerent to Yoosha bin Noon, let us know about your vicegerent. The Prophet (saw) said, "My vicegerent is Ali bin Abi Talib (as), after him is Hassan and Hussain, and after them there will be nine Imams, the vicegerents by the children of Hussain." Na'asal he asked the Prophet (saw) to mention the Imams. Holy Prophet (saw) said," After Hussain is his son Ali will become the Imam, after his son Muhammad, after him his son Jaffar, after his son Musa, after his son Ali (Redha), after his son Muhammad, after him his son Ali, after his son Hassan, after his son Muhammad Mehdi will be the Imam and the last Imam and all will be twelve. "

 

 

 

 

HADITH SAFINA

 

This is one of tradition (hadith) known to be Muttawitir.

 

 

"Behold! My Ahl al-Bayt are like the Ark of Noah; whoever embarked in it was saved, and whoever turned away from it was destroyed. " Mustadarak ya Imam Hakim, vol 3 page 151, reported from Abu Dharr. Mustadrak of Imam Hakim vol. II page343,  Tibrani in Ausata (the 18 of the forty tradition), Sawaiqa al-Muhriqah by Allamah ibn Hajar page151, Shablanji from Nurul Absar, Hamveni from Faraed-us-Simtain, Iben Maghzili Shafai katika Fazaa-el, Muslim katiak Saheeh, Ahmed bin Hanbal katika Musna, Ibne Jareer Tabari katika Tareekh and other.

 

Ibne Hajar in Sawaiqa al-Muhariqah added that the traditon are given in Sahih Muslim runs thus: WA MAN TAKHALLAFA A'N HAA GHARAQA [whoever turn away from it shall be drowned] and another thus: WA MAN TAKHALLAFA A'NHAA HALAKA [whoever turn away from it would be destroyed]. He writes further that besides these versions there is another version of the traditon with change of some words. It runs  thus: ALAA INNA MATHAL AHLI BAYTI FEE KUM MATHALU SAFINATE NUHIN FEE QAWMIHI [Know that my Ahlul Baity are for you as the Ark was for the people of Nuh]. After giving instances of these verbal changes in several of its transmission he writes that this tradition in which he has used the analogy of the Ark of Nuh, in respect fo hs Ahlul Bait with slight change of words (on different occasions) was mentioned by the Prophet (s.a.w) only to emphasise that only he will be saved who befriends them (Ahlel Bait), holds them in reverence and seeks guidance from them. He who forsakes them will get drowned.

 

Shablanji writes in Nurul Absar that many compilers of Sunan (collection of traditons) have related from a number of the companions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) that he said: 'The similitude of my Ahlel Bait among you is that of the Ark of Nuh. Whoever boards it becomes safe while one who turns away from that he shall be drowned' and in yet another version the words are 'They will be flung in the Fire.'

 

Noah’s ship is waiting for us to embark, who do not want to embark it!?

 

 

 

WORDS USED BY ADAM FOR ACCEPTANCE  OF HIS REPENTANCE WERE THE NAMES  OF THE FIVE PURE ONES

 

Also Imam Tha'labi in Tafsir Kashfu'l-Bayan and Sheikh Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabi, chapter 24, reporting from Faqih Wasti Ibn Maghazili Shafi'i are a commentary on verse 37 of sura 2 of the Holy Qur'an, namely: "Then Adam received (some) words from his Lord, so He turned to him mercifully; surely He is oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful." (2:37)

 

Sa'id Ibn Jabir reported from Ibn Abbas, who said: "The Holy Prophet was asked about the words which the Prophet Adam had learned and which led to the acceptance of his repentance. The Prophet said: 'He invoked Allah in the names of Muhammad, Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain. So Allah accepted his repentance and forgave him.'"

 

 

Al-Zamakhshari said in some of his poetry:

 

Doubt and differences have increased. Every one claims that he is the right way. But I have committed myself to: there is no other god but Allah. and my love to Ahmed (Muhammad) and Ali. A dog won the love of the companions of the cave, how could I be ever distressed with the love of the Prophet's Family.

 

To be continued..

 

 

Wassalam

 

Mohammed Yusuf

 

 

 

Narrated Aisha:
 
 One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)."

 

 

In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit for six or nine months, every day after morning prayer he would passed by by the door of Fatima's house and address them with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir 33.

 


 

 



 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم