Thaqalain - Part
From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"
Subject: Thaqalain part 21
Date: Wed, 06 May 1998 09:00:15 PDT
Assalamun Alaikum netters
Today we continue with the Thaqalain
(A.S) WITH YAZEED (III)
SPEECHES OF HUSSAIN TO THE ENEMIES FORCES
"Why do ye kill me?"
"Did I commit any sin or crime?"
"Did I plunder anybody?"
"Did I interfere with any one's affairs?"
All stood dumb and none answered. The he
"Then why do ye kill me? What answer have you
to give to God, and to the
Holy Prophet on the Day of Judgment?"
When no answer came from the enemies forces,
"You have killed all my companions, my
children, my brothers and even my little baby; now I tell you leave me, I
will migrate to Yemen, to Iran or even to the far off Hind, stain not your
hands with my blood, which is the blood of the Holy Prophet himself, you
will not have salvation. It is for you, I tell you, shed not my blood and
At last he said : "(Hal min Nasirin Yansoruna?
Hal min zabbin yazzubbo an harame Rasoolullah?) Is there any helper to help
us? Is there any defender to repulse the enemy from approaching the tents of
the family of the Holy Prophet?"
"Is there anyone who will come to assist us ?
Is there anyone who will respond to our call for aid ?"
He turned direction and repeated the call. He
did this four times.
Whom was he calling out to? Surely he was not
expecting anyone to come to his aid. Those who wanted to help him had
already crossed the lines and laid down their lives for the cause. He knew
there was no one left. He knew that there was no other Hur. And yet,
meticulously and laboriously, he made sure that his call reverberated in all
Of course that call was a call to Muslims of
every generation in every land. It was a call to us where ever we may be. It
was a call for help. Help against Yazidism which in every age rears its ugly
head to oppress justice, truth and morality. Our Imam was calling out to
every Muslim of every age and time to combat Yazidism, both within himself
and as an external force. This was his battle cry for jihad-ul-akbar. He had
already demonstrated that his objective had always been to create a
spiritual awakening through amr bil ma'ruf and nahyi anal munkar. Now he was
calling out for the continuation of this jihad at the individual, social and
When there was no response from any one of the
thousands standing around him, he then said aloud :
"(Alam Tasma'o? Alaisa fikum Muslim?) Do ye
hear me not? Is there not even a single Muslim among you?" Yet there was
"If you do not have any religion, then at
least be free (open-minded) in your present life."
Having lost everyone of his faithful comrades
including his baby son, himself fully wounded from head to foot with arrows
stuck in his body with his blood flowing from the wounds, his clothes
drenched with blood, and that of his comrades, his kith and kin. At last the
son of Ali rose and threw himself on the Umayyads. Despite his age with over
a thousand wounds on his body and over-whelming grief for the death of so
many dearest ones, sons, brothers, nephews and friends, he pushed back the
enemy a nimbler of times. The enemy suffered heavily. At last they attacked
him from every side, he finally fell face-down on the ground just in front
of his tent, while the women and children watched the dreadful scene. Sinan
bin Anas pierced his spear into his holy breast, when he drew out his spear
alongwith came out the parts of the inner organs.
Then Shimr came and severed his head, while
the helpless ladies and the innocent children in Hussain's camp stood at
their tents shouting for help and were weeping aloud. Zainab ran out of her
tent towards her brother shouting to Ibne Sa'd :
"O' Umar bin Sa'd will Abu Abdullah (Hussain
kunya) be killed while you are standing by and watching?"
The atrocities were not yet over. Hussain's
body, already torn by numerous wounds, was trampled by the horses of ten
mounted soldiers who volunteered to inflict this final indignity on the
grandson of the Apostle of God.
PLUNDERRED AND SET ON FIRE
The combat having thus ended, the soldiers
turned to pillage and looting. They seized Hussain's clothes, his sword, and
whatever was on his body. They set the tents on fire and plundered the camp.
They seized from the women their ornaments, their baggage, and even the
mantles from their heads. The only surviving male of the line of Hussain,
his son Ali, who because of serious illness did not take part in the
fighting, was lying on a skin in one of the tents. The skin was pulled from
under him and Shimr would have killed him, but he was saved when Zainab
covered him under here arms and Ibn Sa'd restrained Shimr from striking the
The morning of 12 Muharram saw a peculiar
procession leaving Karbala for Kufa. Seventy two heads were raised on the
points of the lances, each of them held by one soldier, followed by the
women of the Prophet's family on camels and the huge army of the Umayyads.
Abu Mikhnaf describes the scene of the departure of Zainab and other women
of the Prophet's family as captives from Karbala. Their lamentations at the
sight of the massacred bodies of their sons, brothers and husbands which
were lying uncovered in front of them, caused even their enemies to shed
tears. Qurra bin Qays at Tamimi, a member of the Umayyad army, is reported
by Abu Mikhnaf as saying that he could never forget the scene when Hussain's
sister Zainab passed by the mutilated body of her brother; she cried in
hysterical fits, saying :
"O Muhammad! O Muhammad! The angels of Heaven
send blessings upon you, but this is your Hussain, so humilated and
disgraced, covered with blood and cut into pieces; and, O Muhammad, your
daughters are made captives, and your butchered family is left for the East
Wind to cover with dust."
Sibt Ibn Jauzi writes in his Tadhkira, page
148, that when the descendants of the Prophet were brought as captives to
Syria, Yazid was sitting in the second story of his palace. He recited the
two following couplets:
"When the camel litters carrying prisoners
appeared, a crow cawed (a bad omen in Arabia). I said: O crow, whether you
caw or not, I have taken vengeance on the Prophet."
"Vengeance" refers to the fact that his elders
and near relatives were killed in the battles of Badr, Uhud, and Hunain. He
avenged their deaths by killing the sons of the Prophet.
Another proof of his infidelity is that when
he had a party to celebrate Husain's martyrdom, he recited the irreligious
couplets of Abdullah Bin Uzza Ba'ri. Sibt Ibn Jauzi, Abu Raihan, and others
have written that Yazid wished for the presence of his ancestors, who were
all infidels, and were killed in the battle of Badr on the order of the
Prophet. Yazid said: "I wish those of my clan who were killed at Badr, and
those who had seen the people of the Khazraj clan wailing (in the battle of
Uhud) on account of lancet wounds, were here. They would have hailed me with
loud cries and said: 'O Yazid, may your hands never be paralyzed' because I
have killed the chiefs of his (the Prophet's) clan. I did so as revenge for
Badr, which has now been completed. The Bani Hashim only played a game with
government. There has come no message from Allah, nor was anything revealed.
I would not belong to the Khandaq family if I had not taken vengeance on the
descendants of the Prophet. We avenged the murders of Ali by killing his
son, a horseman and a brave lion."
Baladhuri (died in 279 A.H) in his 'Tarikh'
writes that after the slaying of Hussain Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Abdullah Ibn
Umar sent a letter to Yazid ibn Muawiyah saying : "And then, the calamity is
so great and the disaster is so weighty, and a distrressing event has
occurred to Islam, and no day can be equal to the day of slaying al-Hussain."
Yazid wrote to him : "Then, O fool, we have
come to restored houses, set-up beddings, and stacked pillows, and we fought
for defending them (for keeping them.) If right (haqq) be on our side, so we
have fought for defending our right, and if it be for other than us, then
your father has been the first in innovating this sunnah, keeping the right
for himself against the will of its real owners.. I have followed your
father's policy. The fact is that your father had killed Hussain in Saqifa."
(S.AW) CRYING FOR IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S)
(1) Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, p699; (2) Sunan Ibn
Majah, v1, p52; (3) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p767,
Tradition #1350; (4) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p149; (5) Majma' al-Zawa'id,
by al-Haythami, v9, p169; (6) al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, p30, also in al-Awsat;
(7) Jami' al-Saghir, by al-Ibani, v2, p17; (8) Tarikh, by al-Khateeb
al-Baghdadi, v7, p137; (9) Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami,
p144; (10) Talkhis, by al-Dhahabi, v3, p149; (11) Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, by al-Muhib
al-Tabari, p25 (12) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version,
Tdadition #6145, that Abu Huraira narrated:
The Prophet (s.aw) looked toward Ali, Hasan,
Husain, and Fatimah (a.s), and then said: "I am in war with those who will
fight you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you."
In Khasa'isu'l-Kubra, by Jalalu'd-din Suyuti,
a number of hadith of Ummu'l-Mu'minin Ummi Salma, Ummu'l-Mu'minin A'yesha,
Ummu'l-Fazl, IbnAbbas, and Anas Bin Malik, etc. about the soil of Karbala
have been narrated by your prominent ulema and reliable reporters, like Abu
Ispahani, Baihaqi, and Hakim.
A report says: I saw Husain sitting in the lap
of his grandfather, the Holy Prophet, who had a red block of soil in his
hand. The Holy Prophet was kissing the dust and weeping. I asked him what
that soil was. The Holy Prophet said: "Gabriel has informed me that my son,
this Husain, will be murdered in Iraq. He has brought this earth for me from
that land. I am weeping for the suffering that will befall my Husain."
Then the Holy Prophet handed the dust to Umme
Salma and said to her: "When you see this soil turn into blood, you will
know that my Husain has been slaughtered."
Umme Salma kept the soil in a bottle and kept
watch over it until she saw on the Day of Ashura, 61 A.H., that it turned to
blood. Then she knew that Husain bin Ali had been martyred.
Tabaqat, by Ibn Sa'd, al-Tabarani, as quoted
in: al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 3, p292
that Aisha narrated: The Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Gabriel informed me that my
grandson al-Husain (AS) will be killed after me in the land of al-Taff and
brought me this Turbah (mudd/soil) and informed me that this is the soil of
the place he will be martyred."
From Sahih Tirmidhi, Mishkat al-Masabih, by
al-Nawawi, English Version, Tradition #6157; Narrated Salma: "I went to
visit Umm Salamah and found her weeping. I asked her what was making her
weep and she replied that she had seen Allah's Messenger (s.a.w) (meaning in
a dream) with dust on his head and beard. She asked him what was the matter
and he replied, `I have just been present at the slaying of al-Husain.'"
Musnad Ahmad Hanbal; Dala'il an-Nubuwwah, by
al-Bayhaqi; per: Mishkat
al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version,
Tradition #6172; Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas: One day at midday he saw in a
dream the Prophet (s.a.w) dishevelled and dusty with a bottle containing
blood in his hand and said, "You for whom I would give my father and
mother as ransom, what is this?" He replied, "This is the blood of al-Husayn
and his companions which I have been collecting today." He told that he was
reckoning that time and found that he had been killed at that time.
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in his Musnad wrote that
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said : "Whoever sheds tears being aggrieved by the
griefs of Imam Hussain, Allah will give him place in Paradise."
Not only human beings, but also the Jinns
mourn for Imam al-Husain. (1) Tarikh al-Kabir, by al-Bukhari (the author of
Sahih), v4, part 1, p26 (2) Fada'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2,
p776, Tradition #1373 (3) Tabarani, v3, pp 130-131 (4) Tahdhib, v7, p404 It
has been narrated
that after his (a.s) martyrdom: Um Salama (the
wife of Prophet (s.a.w) said: I heard the Jinns (the unseen creatures)
mourning for al-Husain."
Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani had written in his 'Ghunniyatul
Talebeen' that on the day of Ashoora seventy thousand angels sought
permission from Allah to help Imam Hussain (a.s). After getting permission
they descended on the earth but when they landed, Imam Hussain (a.s) was
already martyred. The angels were disheartened, so Allah ordered them to
dispel their hair and put dust on them and weep near the tomb of Imam
Hussain (a.s) till the day of reckoning.
Concerning the question of visiting Husain's
tomb, there are many hadith in the books of your own ulema. I confine myself
to one famous hadith recorded in all books of maqatil and collections of
hadith. "One day the Prophet was in A'yesha's apartment when Husain came in.
The Prophet took him in his arms, kissed him and smelt him. A'yesha asked:
'May my father's and mother's lives be sacrificed to you! How much you love
Husain!' The Prophet said, 'Don't you know that this child is a part of my
liver and my flower?' After that the Prophet began to weep. A'yesha asked
the cause of his weeping. The Prophet replied that he kissed the places
where the Bani Umayya would wound Husain. A'yesha asked if they would kill
him. He said, 'Yes, he will be murdered. They will never have my support (in
the hereafter). Blessed is he who goes on a pilgrimage to his tomb after his
martyrdom.' A'yesha asked the Prophet what would be the reward for the
pilgrim. The Prophet said, 'It will be equal to one Hajj of mine.' A'yesha
said, 'One Hajj of yours!' He said, 'Nay, two,' When A'yesha again expressed
astonishment, he said 'Nay, four Hajj.' The more astonished she became the
higher was the reward, until at last he said, 'A'yesha! If a person goes on
a pilgrimage to Husain's tomb, Allah will give him the reward equivalent to
90Hajj and 90 Umra performed by me.' Then A'yesha fell silent."
To be continued..
One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out
afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment
or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came
and the Prophet accommodated him under the
cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the
cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered
her under the cloak, then Ali came and the
Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then
the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to
keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O'
People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you
a perfect purification (the last sentence of
In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are
the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit
for six or nine months, every day after
morning prayer he would passed by by the
door of Fatima's house and address them
with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL
BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir