QURAN AND HADITH REGARDING AHLEL BAIT

 
 

 

 

Thaqalain - Part 21

 

 

 

From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"

To: zanzinet

Subject: Thaqalain part 21

Date: Wed, 06 May 1998 09:00:15 PDT

 

  

Assalamun Alaikum netters

 

Today we continue with the Thaqalain part 21

 

 

IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S) WITH YAZEED (III)

 

LAST SPEECHES OF HUSSAIN TO THE ENEMIES FORCES

 

"Why do ye kill me?"

"Did I commit any sin or crime?"

"Did I plunder anybody?"

"Did I interfere with any one's affairs?"

 

All stood dumb and none answered. The he continued:

 

"Then why do ye kill me? What answer have you to give to God, and to the

Holy Prophet on the Day of Judgment?"

 

When no answer came from the enemies forces, Hussain said:

 

"You have killed all my companions, my children, my brothers and even my little baby; now I tell you leave me, I will migrate to Yemen, to Iran or even to the far off Hind, stain not your hands with my blood, which is the blood of the Holy Prophet himself, you will not have salvation. It is for you, I tell you, shed not my blood and save yourselves."

 

At last he said : "(Hal min Nasirin Yansoruna? Hal min zabbin yazzubbo an harame Rasoolullah?) Is there any helper to help us? Is there any defender to repulse the enemy from approaching the tents of the family of the Holy Prophet?"

 

"Is there anyone who will come to assist us ? Is there anyone who will respond to our call for aid ?"

 

He turned direction and repeated the call. He did this four times.

 

Whom was he calling out to? Surely he was not expecting anyone to come to his aid. Those who wanted to help him had already crossed the lines and laid down their lives for the cause. He knew there was no one left. He knew that there was no other Hur. And yet, meticulously and laboriously, he made sure that his call reverberated in all directions.

 

Of course that call was a call to Muslims of every generation in every land. It was a call to us where ever we may be. It was a call for help. Help against Yazidism which in every age rears its ugly head to oppress justice, truth and morality. Our Imam was calling out to every Muslim of every age and time to combat Yazidism, both within himself and as an external force. This was his battle cry for jihad-ul-akbar. He had already demonstrated that his objective had always been to create a spiritual awakening through amr bil ma'ruf and nahyi anal munkar. Now he was calling out for the continuation of this jihad at the individual, social and political levels.

 

When there was no response from any one of the thousands standing around him, he then said aloud :

 

"(Alam Tasma'o? Alaisa fikum Muslim?) Do ye hear me not? Is there not even a single Muslim among you?" Yet there was no response.

 

 "If you do not have any religion, then at least be free (open-minded) in your present life."

 

Having lost everyone of his faithful comrades including his baby son, himself fully wounded from head to foot with arrows stuck in his body with his blood flowing  from the wounds, his clothes drenched with blood, and that of his comrades, his kith and kin. At last the son of Ali rose and threw himself on the Umayyads. Despite his age with over a thousand wounds on his body and over-whelming grief for the death of so many dearest ones, sons, brothers, nephews and friends, he pushed back the enemy a nimbler of times. The enemy suffered heavily. At last they attacked him from every side, he finally fell face-down on the ground just in front of his tent, while the women and children watched the dreadful scene. Sinan bin Anas pierced his spear into his holy breast, when he drew out his spear alongwith came out the parts of the inner organs.

 

Then Shimr came and severed his head, while the helpless ladies and the innocent children in Hussain's camp stood at their tents shouting for help and were weeping aloud. Zainab ran out of her tent towards her brother shouting to Ibne Sa'd :

 

"O' Umar bin Sa'd will Abu Abdullah (Hussain kunya) be killed while you are standing by and watching?"

 

The atrocities were not yet over. Hussain's body, already torn by numerous wounds, was trampled by the horses of ten mounted soldiers who volunteered to inflict this final indignity on the grandson of the Apostle of God.

 

 

HUSSAIN CAMP PLUNDERRED AND SET ON FIRE

 

The combat having thus ended, the  soldiers turned to pillage and looting. They seized Hussain's clothes, his sword, and whatever was on his body. They set the tents on fire and plundered the camp. They seized from the women their ornaments, their baggage, and even the mantles from their heads. The only surviving male of the line of Hussain, his son Ali, who because of serious illness did not take part in the fighting, was lying on a skin in one of the tents. The skin was pulled from under him and Shimr would have killed him, but he was saved when Zainab covered him under here arms and Ibn Sa'd restrained Shimr from striking the boy.

 

The morning of 12 Muharram saw a peculiar procession leaving Karbala for Kufa. Seventy two heads were raised on the points of the lances, each of them held by one soldier, followed by the women of the Prophet's family on camels and the huge army of the Umayyads. Abu Mikhnaf describes the scene of the departure of Zainab and other women of the Prophet's family as captives from Karbala. Their lamentations at the sight of the massacred bodies of their sons, brothers and husbands which were lying uncovered in front of them, caused even their enemies to shed tears. Qurra bin Qays at Tamimi, a member of the Umayyad army, is reported by Abu Mikhnaf as saying that he could never forget the scene when Hussain's sister Zainab passed by the mutilated body of her brother; she cried in hysterical fits, saying :

 

"O Muhammad! O Muhammad! The angels of Heaven send blessings upon you, but this is your Hussain, so humilated and disgraced, covered  with blood and cut into pieces; and, O Muhammad, your daughters are made captives, and your butchered family is left for the East Wind to cover with dust."

 

Sibt Ibn Jauzi writes in his Tadhkira, page 148, that when the descendants of the Prophet were brought as captives to Syria, Yazid was sitting in the second story of his palace. He recited the two following couplets:

 

"When the camel litters carrying prisoners appeared, a crow cawed (a bad omen in Arabia). I said: O crow, whether you caw or not, I have taken vengeance on the Prophet."

 

"Vengeance" refers to the fact that his elders and near relatives were killed in the battles of Badr, Uhud, and Hunain. He avenged their deaths by killing the sons of the Prophet.

 

Another proof of his infidelity is that when he had a party to celebrate Husain's martyrdom, he recited the irreligious couplets of Abdullah Bin Uzza Ba'ri. Sibt Ibn Jauzi, Abu Raihan, and others have written that Yazid wished for the presence of his ancestors, who were all infidels, and were killed in the battle of Badr on the order of the Prophet. Yazid said: "I wish those of my clan who were killed at Badr, and those who had seen the people of the Khazraj clan wailing (in the battle of Uhud) on account of lancet wounds, were here. They would have hailed me with loud cries and said: 'O Yazid, may your hands never be paralyzed' because I have killed the chiefs of his (the Prophet's) clan. I did so as revenge for Badr, which has now been completed. The Bani Hashim only played a game with government. There has come no message from Allah, nor was anything revealed. I would not belong to the Khandaq family if I had not taken vengeance on the descendants of the Prophet. We avenged the murders of Ali by killing his son, a horseman and a brave lion."

 

Baladhuri (died in 279 A.H) in his 'Tarikh' writes that after the slaying of Hussain Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Abdullah Ibn Umar sent a letter to Yazid ibn Muawiyah saying : "And then, the calamity is so great and the disaster is so weighty, and a distrressing event has occurred to Islam, and no day can be equal to the day of slaying al-Hussain."

 

Yazid wrote to him : "Then, O fool, we have come to restored houses, set-up beddings, and stacked pillows, and we fought for defending them (for keeping them.) If right (haqq) be on our side, so we have fought for defending our right, and if it be for other than us, then your father has been the first in innovating this sunnah, keeping the right for himself against the will of its real owners.. I have followed your father's policy. The fact is that your father had killed Hussain in Saqifa."

 

 

THE PROPHET (S.AW) CRYING FOR IMAM HUSSAIN (A.S)

 

(1) Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, p699; (2) Sunan Ibn Majah, v1, p52; (3) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p767, Tradition #1350; (4) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p149; (5) Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p169; (6) al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, p30, also in al-Awsat; (7) Jami' al-Saghir, by al-Ibani, v2, p17; (8) Tarikh, by al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi, v7, p137; (9) Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, p144; (10) Talkhis, by al-Dhahabi, v3, p149; (11) Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, by al-Muhib al-Tabari, p25 (12) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tdadition #6145, that Abu Huraira narrated:

 

The Prophet (s.aw) looked toward Ali, Hasan, Husain, and Fatimah (a.s), and then said: "I am in war with those who will fight you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you."

 

In Khasa'isu'l-Kubra, by Jalalu'd-din Suyuti, a number of hadith of Ummu'l-Mu'minin Ummi Salma, Ummu'l-Mu'minin A'yesha, Ummu'l-Fazl, IbnAbbas, and Anas Bin Malik, etc. about the soil of Karbala have been narrated by your prominent ulema and reliable reporters, like Abu Nu'aim

Ispahani, Baihaqi, and Hakim.

 

A report says: I saw Husain sitting in the lap of his grandfather, the Holy Prophet, who had a red block of soil in his hand. The Holy Prophet was kissing the dust and weeping. I asked him what that soil was. The Holy Prophet said: "Gabriel has informed me that my son, this Husain, will be murdered in Iraq. He has brought this earth for me from that land. I am weeping for the suffering that will befall my Husain."

 

Then the Holy Prophet handed the dust to Umme Salma and said to her: "When you see this soil turn into blood, you will know that my Husain has been slaughtered."

 

Umme Salma kept the soil in a bottle and kept watch over it until she saw on the Day of Ashura, 61 A.H., that it turned to blood. Then she knew that Husain bin Ali had been martyred.

 

Tabaqat, by Ibn Sa'd, al-Tabarani, as quoted in: al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 3, p292 that Aisha narrated: The Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Gabriel informed me that my grandson al-Husain (AS) will be killed after me in the land of al-Taff and brought me this Turbah (mudd/soil) and informed me that this is the soil of the place he will be martyred."

 

From Sahih Tirmidhi, Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tradition #6157; Narrated Salma:  "I went to visit Umm Salamah and found her weeping. I asked her what was making her weep and she replied that she had seen Allah's Messenger (s.a.w) (meaning in a dream) with dust on his head and beard. She asked him what was the matter and he replied, `I have just been present at the slaying of al-Husain.'"

 

Musnad Ahmad Hanbal; Dala'il an-Nubuwwah, by al-Bayhaqi; per: Mishkat

al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tradition #6172; Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas: One day at midday he saw in a dream the Prophet (s.a.w) dishevelled and dusty with a bottle containing blood in his hand and said, "You      for whom I would give my father and mother as ransom, what is this?" He replied, "This is the blood of al-Husayn and his companions which I have been collecting today." He told that he was reckoning that time and found that he had been killed at that time.

 

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in his Musnad wrote that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said : "Whoever sheds tears being aggrieved by the griefs of Imam Hussain, Allah will give him place in Paradise."

 

Not only human beings, but also the Jinns mourn for Imam al-Husain. (1) Tarikh al-Kabir, by al-Bukhari (the author of Sahih), v4, part 1, p26 (2) Fada'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p776, Tradition #1373 (3) Tabarani, v3, pp 130-131 (4) Tahdhib, v7, p404 It has been narrated

that after his (a.s) martyrdom: Um Salama (the wife of Prophet (s.a.w) said: I heard the Jinns (the unseen creatures) mourning for al-Husain."

 

Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani had written in his 'Ghunniyatul Talebeen' that on the day of Ashoora seventy thousand angels sought permission from Allah to help Imam Hussain (a.s). After getting permission they descended on the earth but when they landed, Imam Hussain (a.s) was already martyred. The angels were disheartened, so Allah ordered them to dispel their hair and put dust on them and weep near the tomb of Imam Hussain (a.s)  till the day of reckoning.

 

Concerning the question of visiting Husain's tomb, there are many hadith in the books of your own ulema. I confine myself to one famous hadith recorded in all books of maqatil and collections of hadith. "One day the Prophet was in A'yesha's apartment when Husain came in. The Prophet took him in his arms, kissed him and smelt him. A'yesha asked: 'May my father's and mother's lives be sacrificed to you! How much you love Husain!' The Prophet said, 'Don't you know that this child is a part of my liver and my flower?' After that the Prophet began to weep. A'yesha asked the cause of his weeping. The Prophet replied that he kissed the places where the Bani Umayya would wound Husain. A'yesha asked if they would kill him. He said, 'Yes, he will be murdered. They will never have my support (in the hereafter). Blessed is he who goes on a pilgrimage to his tomb after his martyrdom.' A'yesha asked the Prophet what would be the reward for the pilgrim. The Prophet said, 'It will be equal to one Hajj of mine.' A'yesha said, 'One Hajj of yours!' He said, 'Nay, two,' When A'yesha again expressed astonishment, he said 'Nay, four Hajj.' The more astonished she became the higher was the reward, until at last he said, 'A'yesha! If a person goes on a pilgrimage to Husain's tomb, Allah will give him the reward equivalent to 90Hajj and 90 Umra performed by me.' Then A'yesha fell silent."

 

To be continued..

 

 

Wassalam

 

Mohammed Yusuf

 

 

Narrated Aisha:
 
 One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)."

 

 

In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit for six or nine months, every day after morning prayer he would passed by by the door of Fatima's house and address them with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir 33.

 


 


 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم