Thaqalain - Part 20




From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"

To: zanzinet

Subject: Thaqalain part 20

Date: Tue, 05 May 1998 09:57:22 PDT




Assalamun Alaikum netters


Today we continue with the Thaqalain part 20





On the 2nd Muharram 61/2 October 680, Imam Hussain and his companions reached the plain of Karbala. Imam Hussain bought land there and there pitched their tents.


The following day, Umar bin Sa'ad came to Kerbala with 4000 soldiers. Umar Sa'ad was the commander of the Yazid Army. He had several meetings with Imam Hussain and was so impressed by Imam that he began to join Imam for prayers. When Ibne Ziyad heard this, he was furious. He sent Shimr with 10,000 men and wrote a letter to Umar bin Sa'ad, ordering him to get "Bai'at" from Imam Hussain or kill him. Umar bin Sa'ad immediately changed his attitude towards Imam Hussain. Following his instructions he imposed restrictions on Imam Hussain and his followers from getting water from the Euphrates, and from the 7th Muharram, no one from Imam Hussain's camp was allowed near the river. Umar Sad accordingly stationed a force of 500 cavalry  on the road to the river.


On the night of 'Ashura'  Abbas went to Ibn Ziyad to request a respite of one night which was granted. At this point, Hussain assembled his relatives and supporters and delivered a speech. This speech is unanimously reported in the events of the night of 'Ashura' by the sources through different authorities, examples Tabari vol II page 319; Bidaya vol III page 176 and Maqatil page 112, he said:


" I give praise to God who has honoured us with the Prophethood, has taught us the Quran , and favoured us with His religion…. I know of no worthier companions than mine; may God reward you with all the best of His reward. I think tomorrow our end will come… I ask you all to leave me alone and to go away to safety. I free you from your responsibilities for me, and I do not hold you back. Night will provide you a cover; use it as steed… You may take my children with you to save their lives.


At the end of his speech, Hussain asked his brother Abbas to put out the lamp in the tent so that poeple may walk away in the darkness without being ashamed of being seen by him. It is reported that as soon as the lamp was put off, all those who had accompanied the Holy Imam from Mecca in their vain hopes of making their fortunes, began to desert him in batches. With only a few exceptions, his supporters, from among both friend and relatives, refused to leave or survive after him.


From among the followers of Hussain, the aged Muslim bin Awsaja stood up and exclaimed :


"How can we leave you? What excuse then will we have before God in discharging our deputy towards you? No, by God, we will not depart from you. I will fight with you until my last breath and until I die with you.


Then Sa'ad bin Abdullah al-Hanafi address Hussain, saying :


"By God, we will not depart from you until by sacrifing our lives we have proven to God that we have faithfully fulfilled the duty we owe to the Prophet concerning you. By God, if I knew that I would be killed and then again be given a new life, and that then my body would be burned alive, all this  being repeated seventy times, I would still not leave you until I died in front of you. And why should I not do that when I know that I can be killed once, leading to an everlasting honour and privilege. [The last sentence in Bidaya reads:] By God, if I knew that I would be killed before you a thousand times, and by this your life and the lives of the other Ahlel Bait would be saved, I would love to be killed a thousand times; but this is only to be killed once, leading to an everlasting honour.


After quoting a similar speech by Zuhayr bin Al-Qayn, our sources say that all the comapanions of Hussain pronounced more or less in the same vein and declared their complete loyalites to Hussain, saying :


"By God, we will never leave you alone untl all of us are killed and our bodies are torn to pieces. By this we will have fulfilled our duties to you."


At the break of the dawn of the fateful day, 10th of Muharram 61 A.H, Hussain called his son Ali Akbar who resembled the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), to call for prayer (Azan).


It was the third day of the thirst inflicted on the whole camp of the Holy Imam. Hussain and his devotees performed 'Tayammum' instead of 'Wuzu' and the Holy Imam offered the last congregational prayers with his devotees on earth.


Hussain had not even finished his prayers when a rain of arrows from the Yazidian forces began to shower on them. It is reported that Omar Ibne Sa'ad Ibne Waqas was the first to take the bow in the Yazidian camp and shoot an arrow toward Hussain saying (addressing the men of his forces):


"Witness ye all that I am the first to shoot an arrow against Hussain."


Before Hussain could conclude their prayers, thirty (30) of the godly ones, who were engaged in the prayer, were shot dead.


When Amr Sa'ad called upon the army to attack and kill him, Imam Hussain said: "Death is better than disgrace and disgrace is better than the fire of hell."





Hussain, preparing himself for the fateful encounter, dressed himself in the cloak of the Prophet (s.a.w), perfumedd himself with musk, and rode on horseback with the Quran raised in his hand. Addressing his enemies, he said : "O' people! Do you recognise me? By God tell me?"


The reply came from the enemy was : "by god, yes, We do recognise thee, Thou art the Son of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)."


Hussain again said : "Do you know me! Am I not the son of the Apostle of God?"


The reply was : "Yes, we do know thee, Thou art the son of the Apostle of God."


Hussain said : "Do you know that my father is Ali-al-Murtaza son of Abu Talib, and my mother is Fatema Zahra, the daughter of the Apostle of God and my grandfather is Lady Khadija daughter of Khowailad, who was the first to embrace Islam?"


The reply was : "Yes it is."


Hussain said : "By God, tell me, is not Hamza the Chief of the Martyrs of Islam, one of my ucles?"


The reply was : "Yes."


Hussain said : "O' people! Do you recognise this turban on my head, is it not the turban of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) and this sword in my hand, that of the Apostle of God?"


The reply was : "Yes we do recognise."


Hussain said : "Do you know that my father Ali ibne Abi Talib was the first among men to join the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) in the faith Islam, and he was the most learned, and the most forbearing of all men and he was the 'Maula' (Master, Lord) of all men and women?"


The reply was : Yes! We know that everything thou sayes is truth."


Then Hussain asked aloud : "Say you then, why do you make lawful the shedding of my blood?"


The reply from the brutal forces was : "Yes! We shall kill thee in thy thirst."


The enemy replied to Hussain's discourse with the most insulting and heinous remarks; among them, Shimr, seeing the fire burning by Hussain's tents, said : "Hussain, you are hastening for the fire in this world even before the Fire of the Day of Judgement." Hussain's companion, Muslim bin Awsaja could not control himself at this heinous insult and asked his permission to reply with arrow, but Hussain stopped him, saying : "We will never start the fighting from our side.


As the situation grew hotter and an attack from the Umayyad army imminent, Hussain once again came forward; after praising God and praying for His blessing on Muhammad (s.a.w), he addressed his enemies:


"O' people! You are accusing me, but think who I am! Then search your hearts for what you are doing to me. Consider well if it be lawful for you to kill me and violate my sacrosancity. Am I not the son of the daughter of your Prophet (s.a.w), the son of the Prophet's (s.a.w) wasi and cousing….? Did not the Prophet (s.a.w) say of me and my brother that 'they are the lords of the youth of Paradise?' You cannot deny the turth of what I have said concerning the merits of the family of Muhammad (s.a.w). Are all these not sufficient to prevent you from shedding my blood?"


And again : "If you search in the whole East and West you will not find a grandson of the Prophet other than me."


Hussain's numerous speeches and repeated appeals in the name of the Prophet (s.a.w) to his enemies' religious sentiments, which he made throughout the day and after each loss of life among his supportes, were all in vain. The only reply he received was that he must submit himself to Yazid or be killed. To this demand Hussain' reply was :  "By Allah, I shall not give my oath to you like a humiliated one, and nor shall I flee like the captive."


At noon, Hussain and his followers performed the prayer of the Zuhr according to the rite of the Salat al Khawf (the prayer prescribed for when one faces a disastrous situation and calamity). It was in the afternoon that the battle became fiercer, and Hussain's supportes one after the other fell fighting in fornt of him. Until the last of them had perished not a single member of Hussain's family came to harm, but the finnally it was the turn of his relatives. The first to be killed was Ali Akbar, the son of Hussain and the last one was his half brother Abbas bin Ali, the standard bearer of the vanquished army.


When the helpless Imam stood all alone in the field surrounded by the enemies, he was summoned by a call from his sister Zainab in his camp. When he went into the tent, he found his baby son Ali Asghar, dying of thirst in his cradle and the poor mother Rubab, whose milk  had dried up by the continous thirst and hunger for the three consecutive days, could not help the baby with even a drop of her milk. Hussain took the babe to the field and said :


"O' people! If, in your opion, Hussain is guilt of any sin or crime, this innoccent babe has done nothing to hurt any one of you. It does not even speak, and has not even uttered anything against you or your Amir at Damascus. He is dying of thirst. He had neither milk nor water for the last three days. Would you qeunch his thirst by a few drops of water. If you suspect that I demand water for myself in the name of the babe, then I will leave, if you want, and go away and you may return it with his thirst quenched."


Ibne Sad fearing a revolt of his forces in sympathy for the Hussain, at once ordered a stone hearted brute named Hurmula to answer Hussain. The tyrant, shot a three-pronged arrow from his bow which after piercing through Hussain's arm got stuck into into the tiny neck of the innocent

babe. Blood flowed from the neck and the babe looking at his father's face smiled and stopped breathing for ever. Hussain lifted his hands with the dead child toward heaven and prayed to God for justice and rewards for his suffering.


To be continued..




Mohammed Yusuf



Narrated Aisha:
 One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)."



In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit for six or nine months, every day after morning prayer he would passed by by the door of Fatima's house and address them with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir 33.




وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness


   Thaqalain series 5
   Thaqalain series 6
   Thaqalain series 7
   Thaqalain series 8
   Thaqalain series 9
   Thaqalain series 10
   Thaqalain series 11
   Thaqalain series 12
   Thaqalain series 13
   Thaqalain series 14
   Thaqalain series 15
  Thaqalain series 17
   Thaqalain series 18
   Thaqalain series 20
   Thaqalain series 21

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم