Thaqalain - Part
From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"
Subject: Thaqalain part 19
Date: Mon, 04 May 1998 09:27:17 PDT
Assalamun Alaikum netters
Today we continue with the Thaqalain
(A.S) WITH YAZEED (I)
From the books of Tabari, Masudi in Murooj-
Dhahabi, Ibni Aseer Jazree, Ibni Abdul Bari in Al-Isteab part I, Abu
Abdullah bin Muslim Ibni Qutaiba in Kitabul Imamat wal Siyast,
Habib-us-Siyar by Ghyas-uddin Hirvi narrated the terms and conditions
between Muawiyah and Imam Hassan (a.s). Condition number three was as:
He will not nominate his successor, and that
Hussain (a.s) will take over the administration of the State after the deat
Nevertheless, Muawiyah's meticulous
arrangements, coupled with his formidable military grip on the Muslim world,
ensured the smooth succession of his son. Yazid was thus hailed as the
'Commander of the Faithful' by all the tribes and provinces.
Abu al-Aala al-Mawdudi wrote in his book
"Caliphate and Kingdom", p 106 : Abu al-Hasan al-Basri said: Muawiah had
four features, and if he had only one of them, it would have been considered
a great sin:
1.Making decisions without consulting the
Companions, who were the light of virtues.
2.Designating his son as his successor. His
son was a drunkard, corrupt and wore silk.
3.He claimed Ziyad [as his son], and the
Messenger of Allah said, "There is offspring for the honourable woman, but
there is nothing for the whore."
4.His killing of Hijr and his followers.
Woe unto him from Hijr and the followers of Hijr.
Among the facts proving Yazid's infidelity are
his own poetic couplets. For instance, he writes:
"If drinking (wine) is prohibited in the
religion of Muhammad, let it be so; I will accept Christianity."
"It is this world alone for us. There is no
other world. We should not be deprived of the pleasures of this world."
These couplets appear in the collection of his
poetical works, and Abu'l-Faraj Bin Jauzi has recorded them in his Radd
Ala'l-Muta'asibu'l-Anid. Again he says:
"One who frightens us with the story of
doomsday, let him do so. These are false things which deprive us of all the
pleasures of sound and music."
From the book of Aghani, vol 15 page 233 is
writtern that Yazid during his father's reign, once came to Medina in the
season of the Hajj and became badly intoxicated from wine-drinking. Ibn
Abbas and Hussain (a.s) happened to pass by him, whereupon Yazid called his
servant and ordered him to serve wine to Hussain, insisting that the latter
take it. When Hussain angrily refused and rose to leave, Yazid, in his
drunkern stupor, sang :
"O my friend, how strange it is that I have
invited you, but you do not accept, To women singers, pleasures, wine music.
And to a brimming full jar of wine on the lip of which sits the master of
the Arabs. And among them (the singing girls) there is one who has captured
your heart and she did not repent by doing this."
Hussain stood up and said : "But your heart, O
son of Muawiyah."
Sibt Ibn Jauzi in his Tadhkira, page 63, says
that some of the people of Medina went to Syria in 62 A.H. When they learned
of the sinful deeds of Yazid, they returned to Medina, broke their
allegiance to him, cursed him, and turned out his Governor, Uthman Bin Abi
Sufyan. Abdullah Bin Hanzala (Ghusilu'l-Mala'ikat) said: "O people, we did
not revolt against Yazid until we verified that he was an irreligious man.
He killed the descendants of the Prophet, illegally associates with mothers,
daughters, and sisters, drinks wine, and does not offer the ritual prayer."
When this news reached Yazid, he sent a large
army of Syrians under Muslim Bin 'uqba against the people of Medina. The
slaughter of Muslims continued for three days. Yazid's forces killed 700
noblemen of the Quraish, Muhajirs, and Ansars, and 10,000 common people. I
am ashamed to say how the Muslims were humiliated. I will quote only one
passage of Tadhkira, page 163, by Sibt Ibn Jauzi, reported by Abu'l-Hasan
Mada'an: "After the mass slaughter of the people of Medina, 1,000 unmarried
women gave birth to children."
It is narrated in 'Tarikh' of Abulfeda that in
64 A.H, the Holy Ka'aba was desecrated by showering stones on it by a
catapult, but the expedetionary force gave up the siege, of Mecca on hearing
the news of Yazid's death.
Bukhari and Muslim in the Sahih, Allama
Samhudi in Ta'rikhu'l-Medina, Abu'l-Faraj Bin Jauzi in Kitabu'r-Radd
Ala'l-Muta'asibu'l-Anid, Sibt Ibn Jauzi in Tadhkira-e-Khawasu'l-Umma, Imam
Ahmad Bin Hanbal in Musnad and others quote the Holy Prophet as saying: "If
anyone frightens and oppresses the people of Medina, Allah will frighten him
(i.e., on the Day of Judgement). He will be cursed by Allah, by the angels,
and by all humanity. And on the Day of Judgement, Allah will not accept any
of his deeds."
The Prophet also said: "Curse be on him who
frightens my city (the people of Medina)." Didn't this mass slaughter
frighten the people of Medina? If it did, then acknowledge along with the
Prophet, the angels, and all the people that that wicked malefactor was
cursed and will go on being cursed until the Day of Judgement.
The majority of your ulema have cursed Yazid.
Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Amir Shabrawi Shafi'i in Kitabu'l-Ittihaf be
Hubbi'l-Ashraf Raji' ba La'n-e-Yazid, page 20, writes that when the name of
Yazid was mentioned before Mulla Sa'd Taftazani, he said: "Curse be on him
and on his companions and helpers." Allama Samhudi in his Jawahiru'l-Iqdain,
is reported to have said: "The ulema in general have concurred that it is
permitted to curse him who murdered Imam Husain, or who ordered him to be
murdered, or who sanctioned his murder, or who agreed to his murder." Ibn
Jauzi, Abu Ya'la, and Salih Bin Ahmad, arguing from the verses of the Holy
Qur'an write that, "It is proven that cursing Yazid is permissible.
ORDERED OF BAIAT OF HIS KHILAFA
In order to secure undisputed possesion of the
caliphate, the first task Yazid took was to order the governer of Medina,
Al-Walid bin Utba, to exact homage (Baiat) from refractory, especially from
Hussain and Ibn Zubair.
If Imam Husain's stand against Yazid were
merely for worldly power, the Prophet would not have ordered people to help
him. Your own ulema confirm this point. Sheikh Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in his
Yanabiu'l-Mawadda from the histories of Bukhari, Baghawi, and Ibnu's-Sikkin
from Zakha'iru'l-Uqba of Imamu'l-Haram Shafi'i, and Sirat-e-Mulla narrate
from Anas Bin Harith Bin Bayya, who said that he heard the Holy Prophet say:
"Verily, my son Husain will be killed on the soil of Karbala. Every one of
you who is present at that time must help him."
The report continues: "Anas Bin Harith reached
Karbala and, in obedience to the command of the Prophet, was martyred along
with Imam Husain." It follows, therefore, that at Karbala Imam Husain stood
for the cause of truth and not for love of this world. Imam Husain's
undertaking the journey with a small group, including his women and small
children, is another indication that he left his home not for the purpose of
gaining rule. If that had been his intention, he would have gone to Yemen,
where he had widespread support. Yemen would have been the logical base for
launching military operations. In fact his friends repeatedly encouraged him
to go to Yemen, but they were not aware of his purpose. But Imam Husain knew
that there was no means of attaining apparent success. His journey, begun
with 84 people, including women and children, aimed at a basic good. The holy tree - la ilaha ill'allah
(there is no god except Allah) - was grown by his grandfather, nourished
with his blood and the blood of the martyrs of Badr, Uhud, and Hunain. The
tree was entrusted to an excellent gardener, Ali Bin Abu Talib, who was held
back by threats of murder and arson. The result was that the spring of
Tawhid (oneness of Allah) and prophethood had taken on an autumnal change.
Gradually the administration of the garden fell into the hands of the
malicious Bani Umayya.
Since the caliphate of Uthman Bin Affan, the
Bani Umayya controlled the administration of the empire. Abu Sufyan, old and
blind, but his appetite for power as keen as ever, cried out to the Umayyad
Court: "O Bani Umayya! Keep the caliphate in your own family. Paradise and
hell are myths. O Bani Umayya! Take hold of the caliphate like a ball. I
swear that by which I swear, that I always wished such rule for you. Take
care of it so that your descendants may be its heirs."
These unbelievers ejected the rightful
gardeners from the garden. The life-water was stopped and the holy tree
shrivelled until the reign of Yazid, when it appeared to be destined to die.
Imam Husain undertook the journey to Karbala to water the garden of
Prophethood and to strengthen the holy tree of la ilaha ill'Allah. Some
people ask why Imam Husain did not raise the flag of opposition in Medina.
They do not understand that if he had remained in Medina, his objective
would have remained unclear. Imam Husain went to Mecca in the month of Rajab
and addressed thousands of people, telling them that Yazid was uprooting the
tree of tawhid. He said that Yazid, who claimed to be the Caliph of the
Muslims, was destroying the foundation of Islam. Addicted to wine and
gambling, Yazid amused himself with dogs and monkeys. Imam Husain considered
the sacrifice of his life necessary for the preservation of Islam.
"Wa innama kharajtu li talabi-l islahi fi
ummaati jaddi" ----- Indeed I am leaving Madinah to reform the ummah of my
grandfather. The above words summarise the mission of Imam Hussain (a.s).
These words are part of his will which he left with his step brother
In Hilyatul Awliyaa, by Abu Nu'aym, v2, p39
narrated that : Imam Husain (a.s) said: "Don't you see that the truth is not
followed and the falsehood is not discouraged? (The situation is so severe)
so that a Believer wishes to meet Allah (i.e., to die). And today I don't
see death but prosperity, and living with tyrants is nothing but disgust and
Muhammad Bin Hanifiyya and Ibn Abbas said:
"If this is so, why are you taking women with you?" He replied: "My
grandfather said that Allah wants to see them captives. So, according to the
command of the Holy Prophet, I am taking them with me." The captivity of the
women would be the conclusive part of his martyrdom. They would demonstrate
to the world the Umayyad cruelty to the Prophet's descendants.
Imam Husain, before he leaves Medina, saw the
Messenger of Allah in dream who told him: "Verily Allah willed to see you
martyred". Verily Allah willed to see your family captives."
To be continued..
One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out
afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment
or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came
and the Prophet accommodated him under the
cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the
cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered
her under the cloak, then Ali came and the
Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then
the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to
keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O'
People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you
a perfect purification (the last sentence of
In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are
the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit
for six or nine months, every day after
morning prayer he would passed by by the
door of Fatima's house and address them
with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL
BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir