Thaqalain - Part 19



From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"

To: zanzinet

Subject: Thaqalain part 19

Date: Mon, 04 May 1998 09:27:17 PDT



Assalamun Alaikum netters


Today we continue with the Thaqalain part 19





From the books of Tabari, Masudi in Murooj- Dhahabi, Ibni Aseer Jazree, Ibni Abdul Bari in Al-Isteab part I, Abu Abdullah bin Muslim Ibni Qutaiba in Kitabul Imamat wal Siyast, Habib-us-Siyar by Ghyas-uddin Hirvi narrated the terms and conditions between Muawiyah and Imam Hassan (a.s). Condition number three was as:


He will not nominate his successor, and that Hussain (a.s) will take over the administration of the State after the deat of Muawiyah.


Nevertheless, Muawiyah's meticulous arrangements, coupled with his formidable military grip on the Muslim world, ensured the smooth succession of his son. Yazid was thus hailed as the 'Commander of the Faithful' by all the tribes and provinces.


Abu al-Aala al-Mawdudi wrote in his book "Caliphate and Kingdom", p 106 : Abu al-Hasan al-Basri said: Muawiah had four features, and if he had only one of them, it would have been considered a great sin:


   1.Making decisions without consulting the Companions, who were the   light of virtues.

   2.Designating his son as his successor. His son was a drunkard, corrupt and wore silk.

   3.He claimed Ziyad [as his son], and the Messenger of Allah said, "There is offspring for the honourable woman, but there is nothing for  the whore."

   4.His killing of Hijr and his followers. Woe unto him from Hijr and the followers of Hijr. 


Among the facts proving Yazid's infidelity are his own poetic couplets. For instance, he writes:


"If drinking (wine) is prohibited in the religion of Muhammad, let it be so; I will accept Christianity."


"It is this world alone for us. There is no other world. We should not be deprived of the pleasures of this world."


These couplets appear in the collection of his poetical works, and Abu'l-Faraj Bin Jauzi has recorded them in his Radd Ala'l-Muta'asibu'l-Anid. Again he says:


"One who frightens us with the story of doomsday, let him do so. These are false things which deprive us of all the pleasures of sound and music."


From the book of Aghani, vol 15 page 233 is writtern that Yazid during his father's reign, once came to Medina in the season of the Hajj and became badly intoxicated from wine-drinking. Ibn Abbas and Hussain (a.s) happened to pass by him, whereupon Yazid called his servant and ordered him to serve wine to Hussain, insisting that the latter take it. When Hussain angrily refused and rose to leave, Yazid, in his drunkern stupor, sang :


"O my friend, how strange it is that I have invited you, but you do not accept, To women singers, pleasures, wine music. And to a brimming full jar of wine on the lip of which sits the master of the Arabs. And among them (the singing girls) there is one who has captured your heart and she did not repent by doing this."


Hussain stood up and said : "But your heart, O son of Muawiyah."


 Sibt Ibn Jauzi in his Tadhkira, page 63, says that some of the people of Medina went to Syria in 62 A.H. When they learned of the sinful deeds of Yazid, they returned to Medina, broke their allegiance to him, cursed him, and turned out his Governor, Uthman Bin Abi Sufyan. Abdullah Bin Hanzala (Ghusilu'l-Mala'ikat) said: "O people, we did not revolt against Yazid until we verified that he was an irreligious man. He killed the descendants of the Prophet, illegally associates with mothers, daughters, and sisters, drinks wine, and does not offer the ritual prayer."


When this news reached Yazid, he sent a large army of Syrians under Muslim Bin 'uqba against the people of Medina. The slaughter of Muslims continued for three days. Yazid's forces killed 700 noblemen of the Quraish, Muhajirs, and Ansars, and 10,000 common people. I am ashamed to say how the Muslims were humiliated. I will quote only one passage of Tadhkira, page 163, by Sibt Ibn Jauzi, reported by Abu'l-Hasan Mada'an: "After the mass slaughter of the people of Medina, 1,000 unmarried women gave birth to children."


It is narrated in 'Tarikh' of Abulfeda that in 64 A.H, the Holy Ka'aba was desecrated by showering stones on it by a catapult, but the expedetionary force gave up the siege, of Mecca on hearing the news of Yazid's death.


Bukhari and Muslim in the Sahih, Allama Samhudi in Ta'rikhu'l-Medina, Abu'l-Faraj Bin Jauzi in Kitabu'r-Radd Ala'l-Muta'asibu'l-Anid, Sibt Ibn Jauzi in Tadhkira-e-Khawasu'l-Umma, Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal in Musnad and others quote the Holy Prophet as saying: "If anyone frightens and oppresses the people of Medina, Allah will frighten him (i.e., on the Day of Judgement). He will be cursed by Allah, by the angels, and by all humanity. And on the Day of Judgement, Allah will not accept any of his deeds."


The Prophet also said: "Curse be on him who frightens my city (the people of Medina)." Didn't this mass slaughter frighten the people of Medina? If it did, then acknowledge along with the Prophet, the angels, and all the people that that wicked malefactor was cursed and will go on being cursed until the Day of Judgement.


The majority of your ulema have cursed Yazid. Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Amir Shabrawi Shafi'i in Kitabu'l-Ittihaf be Hubbi'l-Ashraf Raji' ba La'n-e-Yazid, page 20, writes that when the name of Yazid was mentioned before Mulla Sa'd Taftazani, he said: "Curse be on him and on his companions and helpers." Allama Samhudi in his Jawahiru'l-Iqdain, is reported to have said: "The ulema in general have concurred that it is permitted to curse him who murdered Imam Husain, or who ordered him to be murdered, or who sanctioned his murder, or who agreed to his murder." Ibn Jauzi, Abu Ya'la, and Salih Bin Ahmad, arguing from the verses of the Holy Qur'an write that, "It is proven that cursing Yazid is permissible.





In order to secure undisputed possesion of the caliphate, the first task Yazid took was to order the governer of Medina, Al-Walid bin Utba, to exact homage (Baiat) from refractory, especially from Hussain and Ibn Zubair.


If Imam Husain's stand against Yazid were merely for worldly power, the Prophet would not have ordered people to help him. Your own ulema confirm this point. Sheikh Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in his Yanabiu'l-Mawadda from the histories of Bukhari, Baghawi, and Ibnu's-Sikkin from Zakha'iru'l-Uqba of Imamu'l-Haram Shafi'i, and Sirat-e-Mulla narrate from Anas Bin Harith Bin Bayya, who said that he heard the Holy Prophet say: "Verily, my son Husain will be killed on the soil of Karbala. Every one of you who is present at that time must help him."


The report continues: "Anas Bin Harith reached Karbala and, in obedience to the command of the Prophet, was martyred along with Imam Husain." It follows, therefore, that at Karbala Imam Husain stood for the cause of truth and not for love of this world. Imam Husain's undertaking the journey with a small group, including his women and small children, is another indication that he left his home not for the purpose of gaining rule. If that had been his intention, he would have gone to Yemen, where he had widespread support. Yemen would have been the logical base for launching military operations. In fact his friends repeatedly encouraged him to go to Yemen, but they were not aware of his purpose. But Imam Husain knew that there was no means of attaining apparent success. His journey, begun with 84 people, including women and children, aimed at a basic good. The holy tree - la ilaha ill'allah (there is no god except Allah) - was grown by his grandfather, nourished with his blood and the blood of the martyrs of Badr, Uhud, and Hunain. The tree was entrusted to an excellent gardener, Ali Bin Abu Talib, who was held back by threats of murder and arson. The result was that the spring of Tawhid (oneness of Allah) and prophethood had taken on an autumnal change. Gradually the administration of the garden fell into the hands of the malicious Bani Umayya.


Since the caliphate of Uthman Bin Affan, the Bani Umayya controlled the administration of the empire. Abu Sufyan, old and blind, but his appetite for power as keen as ever, cried out to the Umayyad Court: "O Bani Umayya! Keep the caliphate in your own family. Paradise and hell are myths. O Bani Umayya! Take hold of the caliphate like a ball. I swear that by which I swear, that I always wished such rule for you. Take care of it so that your descendants may be its heirs."


These unbelievers ejected the rightful gardeners from the garden. The life-water was stopped and the holy tree shrivelled until the reign of Yazid, when it appeared to be destined to die. Imam Husain undertook the journey to Karbala to water the garden of Prophethood and to strengthen the holy tree of la ilaha ill'Allah. Some people ask why Imam Husain did not raise the flag of opposition in Medina. They do not understand that if he had remained in Medina, his objective would have remained unclear. Imam Husain went to Mecca in the month of Rajab and addressed thousands of people, telling them that Yazid was uprooting the tree of tawhid. He said that Yazid, who claimed to be the Caliph of the Muslims, was destroying the foundation of Islam. Addicted to wine and gambling, Yazid amused himself with dogs and monkeys. Imam Husain considered the sacrifice of his life necessary for the preservation of Islam.


"Wa innama kharajtu li talabi-l islahi fi ummaati jaddi"  ----- Indeed I am leaving Madinah to reform the ummah of my grandfather. The above words summarise the mission of Imam Hussain (a.s). These words are part of his will which he left with his step brother Muhammad al-Hanafiyya.


In Hilyatul Awliyaa, by Abu Nu'aym, v2, p39 narrated that : Imam Husain (a.s) said: "Don't you see that the truth is not followed and the falsehood is not discouraged? (The situation is so severe) so that a Believer wishes to meet Allah (i.e., to die). And today I don't see death but prosperity, and living with tyrants is nothing but disgust and disgrace."


 Muhammad Bin Hanifiyya and Ibn Abbas said: "If this is so, why are you taking women with you?" He replied: "My grandfather said that Allah wants to see them captives. So, according to the command of the Holy Prophet, I am taking them with me." The captivity of the women would be the conclusive part of his martyrdom. They would demonstrate to the world the Umayyad cruelty to the Prophet's descendants.


Imam Husain, before he leaves Medina, saw the Messenger of Allah in dream who told him: "Verily Allah willed to see you martyred". Verily Allah willed to see your family captives."


To be continued..





Mohammed Yusuf


Narrated Aisha:
 One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)."



In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit for six or nine months, every day after morning prayer he would passed by by the door of Fatima's house and address them with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir 33.




وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness


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