QURAN AND HADITH REGARDING AHLEL BAIT

 
 

 

 

Thaqalain - Part 18

 

 

From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"

To: zanzinet

Subject: Thaqalain part 18

Date: Sun, 03 May 1998 09:12:40 PDT

 

 

 Assalamun alaikum netters

 

Today we continue with the Thaqalain part 18

 

 

 Imam Ali (a.s) and Imam Hassan (a.s) with Muawiya

 

 Jamharat rasail al-Arab vol I p. 475; Mas'udi in Murooj-uz- Zahab Part II page 59 and 314 to 316; Kitab Fazail-I-Bahera Fi Mahasin-I-Misro-Qahera by Hajar Asqalani and commentary of Ibn Abil Hadid on Sharhe Nahjul Balgha vol I p 283 that Mohammed Bin Abu Bakr wrote a letter to Muawiyah to which the letter replied :

 

I have received your letter mentioning in it what Allah deserves of Mightiness, Power and Omnipotence, and the traits with which He has distinguished His Messenger (s.a.w), beside much utterance you composed, enfeebling only your opinion, and scolding your father.

 

In it, you have cited Ali excellencies, his glorious past and kinship to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w), and his supporting and consoling him in very dread and apprehension. Thus you have remonstrated me with another's excellence, not your excellence, so I praise the Lord Who has diverted this excellence away from you, making it to be possessed by other than you.

 

During our Prophet's lifetime, I and your father were aware of Ali's right being incumbent upon us, and his excellence being superior to ours. When Allah has chosen for His Prophet (s.a.w) the virtue He willed for him, fulfilling His promise to him, proclaiming  his da'wah, confirming his hujjat (proof), and taking hold of his life unto Him your father and his Faruq (Umar) were the first two who embezzled his (Ali's) right and opposed his affair (caliphate). Upon this they have greed and collaborated, calling him then to swear allegiance unto them, of which he has lingered and never admitted. So they have embarked on creating troubles for and vexing him, till he was obliged to acknowledge them and submit to them. Thereat they have ruled over (the Ummat) without giving him any role in administering the State affairs, and it is all over with them. Then caliphate was seized by their third, Uthman, who has followed their example, and kept pace with their conduct, till you and your friend have started to find fault with him, arousing thus the covetousness of the farthest debauches and sinners, seeking evil for him till you attained your goal (of killing him).

 

Beware, O Ibn Abi Baker, as you will verily face the bad consequences of your matter, and know your measure according to your parsimony, you will stop short of reaching the position of that whose clemency weighs as heavy as mountains, or be equal to him, whose steadfastness can never be subdued by coercion, and whose tolerance can never be attained any far-sighted man.

 

Your father has paved the way for it (Umayyad rule), founding and erecting its dynasty and dominion. Should the course we are following be right, your father was the first in it, and if it be unfair (jawr), then your father has been the one who opinionated it and we are his partners in it, following his guide and adopting his conduct. Had not what your father perpetrated been there, we would have never contradicted Ibn Abi Talib, and would have submitted to him, but when observing your father's preceding us in doing so, we followed his example and imitated him. So disgrace only your father as you wish or abstain, And peace be upon that who has returned penitently, forsaken his deviation and repented.

…………………………………

 

The conclusion we get from this reply is that Muawiyah can never deny Ali's virtues and merits, but he dared to imitate Abu Bakr and Umar, as had they not been there he would have never belittled Ali, nor viewing anyone superior to him. Further, Muawiya admits that it is Abu Bakr who has paved the way for Banu Umayyah's seizing power, founding and establishing their dynasty.

 

We also fathom from this letter that Muawiyah has never imitated the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w), nor following his guide, when admitting that Uthman has followed the guide of Abu Bakr and Umar, treading their course and adopting their conduct.

 

Thus it is expressly manifested for us that they all have abandoned the Prophet's (s.a.w) Sunnah, having followed the guide of each other.

 

 

EVIDENCE FOR MU'AWIYA'S INFIDELITY

 

In the sura Nisa (The Women) Allah says: "And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his punishment is Hell; he shall abide in it, and Allah will send His wrath on him and curse him and prepare for him a painful chastisement." (4:93)

 

Abu al-Aala al-Mawdudi wrote in his book "Caliphate and Kingdom", p 106 : Abu al-Hasan al-Basri said: Muawiah had four features, and if he had only one of them, it would have been considered a great sin:

 

   1.Making decisions without consulting the Companions, who were the light of virtues.

   2.Designating his son as his successor. His son was a drunkard, corrupt and wore silk.

   3.He claimed Ziyad [as his son], and the Messenger of Allah said, "There is offspring for the honourable woman, but there is nothing for the whore."

   4.His killing of Hijr and his followers. Woe unto him from Hijr and the followers of Hijr.

 

The above holy verse explicitly says that if a man kills a single believer intentionally, he deserves Allah's curse and his abode is in Hell. Wasn't Mu'awiya associated with the murder of believers? Did he not order the killing of Hajar Ibn Adi and his seven companions? Did he not order that Abdu'r-Rahman Bin Hasan Al-Ghanzi be buried alive?

 

Ibn Asakir and Yaqub Bin Sufyan in their Histories; Baihaqi in his Dala'il; Ibn Abdu'l-Bar in Isti'ab; and Ibn Athir in Kamil have reported that Hajar Bin Adi was one of the eminent companions who, along with seven companions was brutally murdered by Mu'awiya. Their crime was refusing to curse Ali.

 

Imam Hasan was the elder grandson of the Holy Prophet. Was he not included in Ashab-e-Kisa (people of the mantle)? Was he not one of the two leaders of the youths of Paradise and a believer of exalted rank? According to the reports of Mas'udi, Ibn Abdu'l-Bar, Abu'l-Faraj Ispahani, Tabaqa of Muhammad Bin Sa'd, Tadhkira of Sibt Ibn Jauzi, and other accredited ulema of the Sunnis, Mu'awiya sent poison to Asma' Ju'da and promised her that if she killed Hasan Ibn Ali, he would give her 100,000 dirhams and would marry her to his son Yazid. After the martyrdom of Imam Hasan, he gave her 100,000 dirhams but refused to marry her to Yazid. Ibn Abdu'l-Bar and Muhammad Bin Jarir Tabari have also reported that when Mu'awiya was informed of the demise of the holy imam, he shouted the takbir ("Allah is Great").

  

Is it not a fact that in the Battle of Siffin the great companion of the Holy Prophet, Ammar Yasir, was martyred by Mu'awiya's order? All your prominent ulema say with one accord that the Holy Prophet said to Ammar Yasir: "It will not be long before you will be killed by a rebellious and misguided group."

 

The Holy Prophet also told him that   "Ammar be cheerful, the aggressor party shall kill you." Read Al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p383 and Sahih Muslim, English version, v4, chapter MCCV, Traditions #6968& #6970. The English translator of Sahih Muslim (Abdul Hamid Siddiqui) has written in the footnote of the above traditions that:

 

This narration is clearly indicative of the fact that in the conflict between Ali and his opponents, Ali was on the right as Ammar Ibn Yasir was killed in the Battle of Siffin fighting in the camp of Ali. (Footnote of Sahih Muslim, English version, v4, p1508).

 

Have you any doubt that thousands of devout believers were killed by Mu'awiya's subordinates? Wasn't the pure and valiant warrior, Malik Ashtar, poisoned by Mu'awiya's order? Can you deny that Mu'awiya's chief officials, Amr Bin As and Mu'awiya Bin Khadij, brutally martyred the Commander of the Faithful's governor, the pious Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr? Not content with that, they put his body into the carcass of a donkey and set it on fire. If I were to give you the details about the believers killed by Mu'awiya and his officials, it would require a book.

  

The greatest atrocity was that of Busr Bin Artat who killed thousands of believers on Mu'awiya's orders.

 

Abu'l-Faraj Ispahani and Allama Samhudi in Ta'rikhu'l-Medina, Ibn Khallikan, Ibn Asakir and Tabari in their histories; Ibn Abi'l-Hadid in Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha, vol.I, and many others of your notable ulema have written that Mu'awiya ordered Busr to attack San'a and Yemen from Medina and Mecca. He gave a similar order to Zuhak Bin Qais Al-Fahri and others. Abu'l-Faraj reports it in these words: "Whoever from the companions and Shia of Ali is found should be killed; even women and children should not be spared." With these strict orders, they set out with a force of 3000 and attacked Medina, San'a', Yemen, Ta'if, and Najran. When they reached Yemen, the governor, Ubaidullah Ibn Abbas, was out of the city. They entered his house and slaughtered his two sons Sulayman and Dawud in the lap of their mother.

 

Ibn Abi'l-Hadid writes in his Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha, vol.I, p.121, that in this raid 30,000 people were killed, excluding those who were burnt alive.

 

 

MU'AWIYA ORDERED THAT ALI BE CURSED

 

Among the many clear proofs that Mu'awiya was an infidel and deserved damnation was his public rejection of the Commander of the Faithful and his ordering the people to recite imprecations against the holy Imam in their qunuts (supplication in daily prayers). This fact is acknowledged by both you and us. Even the historians of other nations have recorded that this vile practice was openly pursued and that many people were put to death because they did not utter the curses. This outrage was discontinued by the Umayya Caliph, Umar bin Abdu'l-Aziz.

 

Obviously, one who curses the brother of the Holy Prophet, the husband of Fatima, the Commander of the Faithful, Ali Bin Abi Talib, and who orders others to do it is definitely damned. This fact has been recorded by all your eminent ulema in their authentic books. For instance, Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal in his Musnad, Imam Abu Abdu'r-Rahman Nisa'i in his Khasa'isu'l-Alawi, Imam Tha'labi and Imam Fakhru'd-in Razi in their Tafsir (commentary), Ibn Abi'l-Hadid in his Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha, Muhammad Bin Yusuf Ganji Shafi'i in his Kifayatu't-Talib, Sibt Ibn Jauzi in his Tadhkira, Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabiu'l-Mawadda, Mir Seyyed Ali Hamadani in his Mawaddatu'l-Qurba, Dailami in his Firdaus, Muslim Bin Hajjaj in his Sahih, Muhammad Bin Talha Shafi'i in his Matalibu's-Su'ul, Ibn Sabbagh Maliki in his Fusulu'l-Muhimma, Hakim in his Mustadrak, Khatib Khawarizmi in his Manaqib, Abraham Hamwaini in his Fara'id, Ibn Maghazili Shafi'i in his Manaqib, Imamu'l-haram in his Dhakha'iru'l-Uquba, Ibn Hajar in his Sawa'iq, and your other prominent ulema have, in slightly different words, reported that the Holy Prophet said: "One who reviles Ali, really reviles me; who reviles me, really reviles Allah."

 

The Prophet (s.a.w) said, as narrated in Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, p33: "Whoever curses (or verbally abuses) Ali, then he has cursed me, and whoever has cursed me, then he has cursed Allah (SWT), and whoever has cursed Allah (SWT), then Allah (SWT) will throw him into the hellfire."

 

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Loving Ali is believing, and hating him is hypocrisy."  Sahih, Muslim, vol 1 p 61; Sunan, al Nasai, vol 6 p 117;  Sahih, al Tirmidhi, vol 8 p 306

 

Dailami in his Firdaus, Sulayman Hanafi in Yanabiu'l-Mawadda have reported that the Holy Prophet said: " One who gives pain to Ali, really gives pain to me, and the curse of Allah is upon him who causes pain to me." Ibn Hajar Makki in his Sawa'iq narrates a hadith concerning the consequence to one who curses against any of the progeny of the Holy Prophet. He reports that the Holy Prophet said: "If anyone curses my Ahle Bait, there is nothing for him but exclusion from Islam. If anyone injures me concerning my Ahle Bait, may Allah's curse be upon him."

 

Therefore Mu'awiya was certainly cursed. As reported by Ibn Athir in his Kamil, Mu'awiya used to curse Ali, the grandsons of the Holy Prophet, Hasan and Husain and also Abbas and Malik Ashtar in the qunut of his daily prayers.

 

Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal reports in his Musnad from a number of sources that the Holy Prophet of Allah said: "If any one injures Ali he shall be treated as a Jew or Christian on the Day of Judgement." Certainly you must know that it is one of the tenets of Islam that to call Allah and the Holy Prophet by ill names leads to infidelity.

 

Please refer to ayat 60 of Sura 17 (Bani Israel). Commentators from your own ulema, like Tha'labi, Imam Fakhru'd-din Razi in his commentary of the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Volume 5 Pages 413 - 414 Second Printing by al-Matbaah al-Sarafeyah 1304 H, - Sharh Ibn Abi al-Hadid, Volume 3 page 81 Printed by Mohammad Ali Subaih in Egypt and others say that the Holy Prophet saw in a dream that the Bani Umayya, like monkeys, ascended and descended his pulpit. Thereafter Gabriel brought this holy ayat: "And when We said to you: Surely your Lord encompasses men. And we did not create the vision which We showed you except as a trial for men and the cursed tree in the Qur'an as well. And we cause them to fear, but it only adds to their grievous transgression." (17:60)

 

Kitabus Siffin by Nasr bin Mazahim printed in Egypt page 247 and Tabari in Vol II, that "The Holy Prophet saw Abu Sufyan riding a donkey. Mu'awiya was pulling it from the front, and his son, Yazid, was pushing it from behind. The Prophet said, 'Curse be upon the rider, the puller, and the pusher.'

 

In Sahih Tirmidhi, per:- Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tradition #5983 from Imran ibn Husayn narrated that: The Prophet (s.a.w) at the time of his death disliked three tribes:  Thaqif, the Banu Hanifah and the Banu Umayyah.

 

The Prophet (s.a.w) looked toward Ali, Hasan, Husain, and Fatimah (a.s), and then said: "I am in war with those who will fight you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you."

 

(1) Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, p699; (2) Sunan Ibn Majah, v1, p52; (3) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p767, Tradition #1350; (4) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p149; (5) Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p169; (6) al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, p30, also in al-Awsat; (7) Jami' al-Saghir, by al-Ibani, v2, p17; (8) Tarikh, by al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi, v7, p137; (9) Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, p144; (10) Talkhis, by al-Dhahabi, v3, p149; (11) Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, by al-Muhib al-Tabari, p25 (12) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tradition #6145

 

To be continued..

 

 

Wassalam

 

Mohammed Yusuf

 

 

 

Narrated Aisha:
 
 One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came and the Prophet accommodated him under the cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered her under the cloak, then Ali came and the Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O' People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you a perfect purification (the last sentence of Verse 33:33)."

 

 

In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit for six or nine months, every day after morning prayer he would passed by by the door of Fatima's house and address them with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir 33.

 


 

 


 

وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ {41:18}

But We delivered those who believed and practised righteousness

 

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وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ     اللهم صلى على محد و ال محد.... و عجل فرجهم