Thaqalain - Part
From: "Mohammed Yusuf Jaffer"
Subject: Thaqalain part 18
Date: Sun, 03 May 1998 09:12:40 PDT
Assalamun alaikum netters
Today we continue with the Thaqalain
Imam Ali (a.s)
and Imam Hassan (a.s) with Muawiya
Jamharat rasail al-Arab vol I p. 475; Mas'udi
in Murooj-uz- Zahab Part II page 59 and 314 to 316; Kitab Fazail-I-Bahera Fi
Mahasin-I-Misro-Qahera by Hajar Asqalani and commentary of Ibn Abil Hadid on
Sharhe Nahjul Balgha vol I p 283 that Mohammed Bin Abu Bakr wrote a letter
to Muawiyah to which the letter replied :
I have received your letter mentioning in it
what Allah deserves of Mightiness, Power and Omnipotence, and the traits
with which He has distinguished His Messenger (s.a.w), beside much utterance
you composed, enfeebling only your opinion, and scolding your father.
In it, you have cited Ali excellencies, his
glorious past and kinship to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w), and his
supporting and consoling him in very dread and apprehension. Thus you have
remonstrated me with another's excellence, not your excellence, so I praise
the Lord Who has diverted this excellence away from you, making it to be
possessed by other than you.
During our Prophet's lifetime, I and your
father were aware of Ali's right being incumbent upon us, and his excellence
being superior to ours. When Allah has chosen for His Prophet (s.a.w) the
virtue He willed for him, fulfilling His promise to him, proclaiming his
da'wah, confirming his hujjat (proof), and taking hold of his life unto Him
your father and his Faruq (Umar) were the first two who embezzled his
(Ali's) right and opposed his affair (caliphate). Upon this they have greed
and collaborated, calling him then to swear allegiance unto them, of which
he has lingered and never admitted. So they have embarked on creating
troubles for and vexing him, till he was obliged to acknowledge them and
submit to them. Thereat they have ruled over (the Ummat) without giving him
any role in administering the State affairs, and it is all over with them.
Then caliphate was seized by their third, Uthman, who has followed their
example, and kept pace with their conduct, till you and your friend have
started to find fault with him, arousing thus the covetousness of the
farthest debauches and sinners, seeking evil for him till you attained your
goal (of killing him).
Beware, O Ibn Abi Baker, as you will verily
face the bad consequences of your matter, and know your measure according to
your parsimony, you will stop short of reaching the position of that whose
clemency weighs as heavy as mountains, or be equal to him, whose
steadfastness can never be subdued by coercion, and whose tolerance can
never be attained any far-sighted man.
Your father has paved the way for it (Umayyad
rule), founding and erecting its dynasty and dominion. Should the course we
are following be right, your father was the first in it, and if it be unfair
(jawr), then your father has been the one who opinionated it and we are his
partners in it, following his guide and adopting his conduct. Had not what
your father perpetrated been there, we would have never contradicted Ibn Abi
Talib, and would have submitted to him, but when observing your father's
preceding us in doing so, we followed his example and imitated him. So
disgrace only your father as you wish or abstain, And peace be upon that who
has returned penitently, forsaken his deviation and repented.
The conclusion we get from this reply is that
Muawiyah can never deny Ali's virtues and merits, but he dared to imitate
Abu Bakr and Umar, as had they not been there he would have never belittled
Ali, nor viewing anyone superior to him. Further, Muawiya admits that it is
Abu Bakr who has paved the way for Banu Umayyah's seizing power, founding
and establishing their dynasty.
We also fathom from this letter that Muawiyah
has never imitated the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w), nor following his guide,
when admitting that Uthman has followed the guide of Abu Bakr and Umar,
treading their course and adopting their conduct.
Thus it is expressly manifested for us that
they all have abandoned the Prophet's (s.a.w) Sunnah, having followed the
guide of each other.
In the sura Nisa (The Women) Allah says: "And
whoever kills a believer intentionally, his punishment is Hell; he shall
abide in it, and Allah will send His wrath on him and curse him and prepare
for him a painful chastisement." (4:93)
Abu al-Aala al-Mawdudi wrote in his book
"Caliphate and Kingdom", p 106 : Abu al-Hasan al-Basri said: Muawiah had
four features, and if he had only one of them, it would have been considered
a great sin:
1.Making decisions without consulting the
Companions, who were the light of virtues.
2.Designating his son as his successor. His
son was a drunkard, corrupt and wore silk.
3.He claimed Ziyad [as his son], and the
Messenger of Allah said, "There is offspring for the honourable woman, but
there is nothing for the whore."
4.His killing of Hijr and his followers.
Woe unto him from Hijr and the followers of Hijr.
The above holy verse explicitly says that if a
man kills a single believer intentionally, he deserves Allah's curse and his
abode is in Hell. Wasn't Mu'awiya associated with the murder of believers?
Did he not order the killing of Hajar Ibn Adi and his seven companions? Did
he not order that Abdu'r-Rahman Bin Hasan Al-Ghanzi be buried alive?
Ibn Asakir and Yaqub Bin Sufyan in their
Histories; Baihaqi in his Dala'il; Ibn Abdu'l-Bar in Isti'ab; and Ibn Athir
in Kamil have reported that Hajar Bin Adi was one of the eminent companions
who, along with seven companions was brutally murdered by Mu'awiya. Their
crime was refusing to curse Ali.
Imam Hasan was the elder grandson of the Holy
Prophet. Was he not included in Ashab-e-Kisa (people of the mantle)? Was he
not one of the two leaders of the youths of Paradise and a believer of
exalted rank? According to the reports of Mas'udi, Ibn Abdu'l-Bar,
Abu'l-Faraj Ispahani, Tabaqa of Muhammad Bin Sa'd, Tadhkira of Sibt Ibn
Jauzi, and other accredited ulema of the Sunnis, Mu'awiya sent poison to
Asma' Ju'da and promised her that if she killed Hasan Ibn Ali, he would give
her 100,000 dirhams and would marry her to his son Yazid. After the
martyrdom of Imam Hasan, he gave her 100,000 dirhams but refused to marry
her to Yazid. Ibn Abdu'l-Bar and Muhammad Bin Jarir Tabari have also
reported that when Mu'awiya was informed of the demise of the holy imam, he
shouted the takbir ("Allah is Great").
Is it not a fact that in the Battle of Siffin
the great companion of the Holy Prophet, Ammar Yasir, was martyred by
Mu'awiya's order? All your prominent ulema say with one accord that the Holy
Prophet said to Ammar Yasir: "It will not be long before you will be killed
by a rebellious and misguided group."
The Holy Prophet also told him that "Ammar
be cheerful, the aggressor party shall kill you." Read Al-Mustadrak, by
al-Hakim, v3, p383 and Sahih Muslim, English version, v4, chapter MCCV,
Traditions #6968& #6970. The English translator of Sahih Muslim (Abdul Hamid
Siddiqui) has written in the footnote of the above traditions that:
This narration is clearly indicative of the
fact that in the conflict between Ali and his opponents, Ali was on the
right as Ammar Ibn Yasir was killed in the Battle of Siffin fighting in the
camp of Ali. (Footnote of Sahih Muslim, English version, v4, p1508).
Have you any doubt that thousands of devout
believers were killed by Mu'awiya's subordinates? Wasn't the pure and
valiant warrior, Malik Ashtar, poisoned by Mu'awiya's order? Can you deny
that Mu'awiya's chief officials, Amr Bin As and Mu'awiya Bin Khadij,
brutally martyred the Commander of the Faithful's governor, the pious
Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr? Not content with that, they put his body into the
carcass of a donkey and set it on fire. If I were to give you the details
about the believers killed by Mu'awiya and his officials, it would require a
The greatest atrocity was that of Busr Bin
Artat who killed thousands of believers on Mu'awiya's orders.
Abu'l-Faraj Ispahani and Allama Samhudi in
Ta'rikhu'l-Medina, Ibn Khallikan, Ibn Asakir and Tabari in their histories;
Ibn Abi'l-Hadid in Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha, vol.I, and many others of your
notable ulema have written that Mu'awiya ordered Busr to attack San'a and
Yemen from Medina and Mecca. He gave a similar order to Zuhak Bin Qais Al-Fahri
and others. Abu'l-Faraj reports it in these words: "Whoever from the
companions and Shia of Ali is found should be killed; even women and
children should not be spared." With these strict orders, they set out with
a force of 3000 and attacked Medina, San'a', Yemen, Ta'if, and Najran. When
they reached Yemen, the governor, Ubaidullah Ibn Abbas, was out of the city.
They entered his house and slaughtered his two sons Sulayman and Dawud in
the lap of their mother.
Ibn Abi'l-Hadid writes in his
Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha, vol.I, p.121, that in this raid 30,000 people were
killed, excluding those who were burnt alive.
ORDERED THAT ALI BE CURSED
Among the many clear proofs that Mu'awiya was
an infidel and deserved damnation was his public rejection of the Commander
of the Faithful and his ordering the people to recite imprecations against
the holy Imam in their qunuts (supplication in daily prayers). This fact is
acknowledged by both you and us. Even the historians of other nations have
recorded that this vile practice was openly pursued and that many people
were put to death because they did not utter the curses. This outrage was
discontinued by the Umayya Caliph, Umar bin Abdu'l-Aziz.
Obviously, one who curses the brother of the
Holy Prophet, the husband of Fatima, the Commander of the Faithful, Ali Bin
Abi Talib, and who orders others to do it is definitely damned. This fact
has been recorded by all your eminent ulema in their authentic books. For
instance, Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal in his Musnad, Imam Abu Abdu'r-Rahman Nisa'i
in his Khasa'isu'l-Alawi, Imam Tha'labi and Imam Fakhru'd-in Razi in their
Tafsir (commentary), Ibn Abi'l-Hadid in his Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha,
Muhammad Bin Yusuf Ganji Shafi'i in his Kifayatu't-Talib, Sibt Ibn Jauzi in
his Tadhkira, Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabiu'l-Mawadda, Mir Seyyed Ali
Hamadani in his Mawaddatu'l-Qurba, Dailami in his Firdaus, Muslim Bin Hajjaj
in his Sahih, Muhammad Bin Talha Shafi'i in his Matalibu's-Su'ul, Ibn
Sabbagh Maliki in his Fusulu'l-Muhimma, Hakim in his Mustadrak, Khatib
Khawarizmi in his Manaqib, Abraham Hamwaini in his Fara'id, Ibn Maghazili
Shafi'i in his Manaqib, Imamu'l-haram in his Dhakha'iru'l-Uquba, Ibn Hajar
in his Sawa'iq, and your other prominent ulema have, in slightly different
words, reported that the Holy Prophet said: "One who reviles Ali, really
reviles me; who reviles me, really reviles Allah."
The Prophet (s.a.w) said, as narrated in
Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v6, p33: "Whoever curses (or verbally abuses) Ali,
then he has cursed me, and whoever has cursed me, then he has cursed Allah (SWT),
and whoever has cursed Allah (SWT), then Allah (SWT) will throw him into the hellfire."
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: "Loving Ali is
believing, and hating him is hypocrisy." Sahih, Muslim, vol 1 p 61; Sunan,
al Nasai, vol 6 p 117; Sahih, al Tirmidhi, vol 8 p 306
Dailami in his Firdaus, Sulayman Hanafi in
Yanabiu'l-Mawadda have reported that the Holy Prophet said: " One who gives
pain to Ali, really gives pain to me, and the curse of Allah is upon him who
causes pain to me." Ibn Hajar Makki in his Sawa'iq narrates a hadith
concerning the consequence to one who curses against any of the progeny of
the Holy Prophet. He reports that the Holy Prophet said: "If anyone curses
my Ahle Bait, there is nothing for him but exclusion from Islam. If anyone
injures me concerning my Ahle Bait, may Allah's curse be upon him."
Therefore Mu'awiya was certainly cursed. As
reported by Ibn Athir in his Kamil, Mu'awiya used to curse Ali, the
grandsons of the Holy Prophet, Hasan and Husain and also Abbas and Malik
Ashtar in the qunut of his daily prayers.
Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal reports in his Musnad
from a number of sources that the Holy Prophet of Allah said: "If any one
injures Ali he shall be treated as a Jew or Christian on the Day of
Judgement." Certainly you must know that it is one of the tenets of Islam
that to call Allah and the Holy Prophet by ill names leads to infidelity.
Please refer to ayat 60 of Sura 17 (Bani
Israel). Commentators from your own ulema, like Tha'labi, Imam Fakhru'd-din
Razi in his commentary of the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Volume 5 Pages 413 - 414
Second Printing by al-Matbaah al-Sarafeyah 1304 H, - Sharh Ibn Abi al-Hadid,
Volume 3 page 81 Printed by Mohammad Ali Subaih in Egypt and others say that
the Holy Prophet saw in a dream that the Bani Umayya,
like monkeys, ascended and descended his pulpit. Thereafter Gabriel brought
this holy ayat: "And when We said to you: Surely your Lord encompasses men.
And we did not create the vision which We showed you except as a trial for
men and the cursed tree in the Qur'an as well. And we cause them to fear,
but it only adds to their grievous transgression." (17:60)
Kitabus Siffin by Nasr bin Mazahim printed in
Egypt page 247 and Tabari in Vol II, that "The Holy Prophet saw Abu Sufyan
riding a donkey. Mu'awiya was pulling it from the front, and his son, Yazid,
was pushing it from behind. The Prophet said, 'Curse be upon the rider, the
puller, and the pusher.'
In Sahih Tirmidhi, per:- Mishkat al-Masabih,
by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tradition #5983 from Imran ibn Husayn
narrated that: The Prophet (s.a.w) at the time of his death disliked three
tribes: Thaqif, the Banu Hanifah and the Banu Umayyah.
The Prophet (s.a.w) looked toward Ali, Hasan,
Husain, and Fatimah (a.s), and then said: "I am in war with those who will
fight you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you."
(1) Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, p699; (2) Sunan Ibn
Majah, v1, p52; (3) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p767,
Tradition #1350; (4) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p149; (5) Majma' al-Zawa'id,
by al-Haythami, v9, p169; (6) al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, p30, also in al-Awsat;
(7) Jami' al-Saghir, by al-Ibani, v2, p17; (8) Tarikh, by al-Khateeb
al-Baghdadi, v7, p137; (9) Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami,
p144; (10) Talkhis, by al-Dhahabi, v3, p149; (11) Dhakha'ir al-Uqba, by al-Muhib
al-Tabari, p25 (12) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version,
To be continued..
One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out
afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment
or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came
and the Prophet accommodated him under the
cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the
cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered
her under the cloak, then Ali came and the
Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then
the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to
keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O'
People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you
a perfect purification (the last sentence of
In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are
the real Ahlul Bait, he made the habit
for six or nine months, every day after
morning prayer he would passed by by the
door of Fatima's house and address them
with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL
BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir