Thaqalain - Part
From: "Mohammed Yusuf
Date: Sun, 19 Apr 1998
Today we continue with the Thaqalain Part
COMPANIONS REGARDING IMAM ALI (A.S)
sayings regarding Ali
Abu Bakr said, "May Allah
never put me in a predicament that Abu al-Hasan cannot solve. Al Isti'ab,
vol 3 p 39; Manaqib al Khawarizmi, p 48; al Riyadh al Nadirah, vol 2 p 194
EVIDENCE REGARDING UMAR'S
SAYING "HAD ALI NOT BEEN THERE, UMAR WOULD HAVE BEEN RUINED"
Qazi Fazlullah Bin Ruzbahan,
the fanatic, in his Ibtalu'l-Batil; Ibn Hajar Asqalani in his
Tihdhibu'l-Tahdid, printed in Hyderabad Daccan, page 337; Ibn Hajar in Isaba,
Volume II, printed in Egypt, page 509; Ibn Qutayba Dinawari in
Ta'wil-e-Mukhtalafu'l-Hadith, page 201-202, Ibn Hajar Makki in
Sawa'iq-e-Muhriqa, page 78; Hajj Ahmad Afindi in Hidayatu'l-Murtab, page 146
and 152; Ibn Athir Jazari in Usudu'l-Ghaiba, Volume IV, page 22; Jalalu'd-Din
Suyuti in Ta'rikhu'l-Khulafa, page 66; Ibn Abdu'l-Birr Qartabi in Isti'ab,
Volume II, page 474; Seyyed Mu'min Shablanji in Nuru'l-Absar, page 73;
Shahabu'd-Din Ahmad bin Abdu'l-Qadir A'jili in Zakhiratu'l-Ma'al; Muhammad
bin Ali As-Saban in Is'afu'r-Raghibin, page 152; Nuru'd-Din bin Sabbagh
Maliki in Fusulu'l-Muhimma, page 18; Nuru'd-Din Ali bin Abdullah Samhudi in
Jawahiru'l-Iqdain; Ibn Abi'l-Hadid Mu'tazili in Sharhe Nahju'l-Balagha,
Volume I, page 6, Allama Qushachi in Sharh-e-Tarid, page 407, Khatib
Khawarizmi in Manaqib, page 48, 60, Muhammad bin Talha Shafi'i in
Matalibu's-Su'ul sub-Chapter 6, page 29, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in Faza'il as
well as Musnad; Sibt Ibn Jauzi in Tadhkira, page 85, 87, Imam Tha'labi in
Tafsir Kafshu'l-Bayan, Allama Ibn Qayyim Jauzi in Turuqi'l-Hakim, recording
Ali's judgments from page 41 to page 53; Muhammad bin Yusuf Ganji Shafi'i in
Kifayatu't-Talib, Chapter 57; Ibn Maja Qazwini in Sunan, Ibn Maghazili
Shafi'i in Manaqib; Ibrahim bin Muhammad Hamwaini in Fara'id; Muhammad bin
Ali bin Hasani'l-Hakim in Sharh-e-Fathi'l-Mubin, Dailami in Firdaus, Sheikh
Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabiu'l-Mawadda, Chapter 14, Hafiz Abu Nu'aim
Ispahani in Hilyatu'l-Auliya as well as in Ma Nazala'l-Qur'an fi Ali, and a
host of other great ulema of your sect, with slight variation in words, have
narrated Umar's saying, "If there were no Ali, Umar would have been ruined."
The great theologian, Ganji
Shafi'i, in Chapter 57, of his Kifayatu't-Talib Fi Manaqib Ali Bin Abu Talib,
after narrating some authentic hadith, reports from Hudhaifa Bin Yaman that
"one day Umar met him and asked him: 'What was your condition when you awoke
in the morning?' Hudhaifa said, 'I rose in the morning hating the Truth,
liking mischief, bearing witness to the thing unseen; learning by heart the
uncreated, reciting salutations without being in the state of ritual purity,
and knowing that, what is for me on the earth is not for Allah in the Sky.'
Umar was infuriated by these remarks and intended to punish Hudhaifa when
Ali came in. He noticed the signs of rage on Umar's face and asked why he
was so angry. Umar told him, and Ali said: 'There is nothing serious about
this remark: What Hudhaifa said was correct. Truth means death, which he
detests; mischief means wealth and children, which he likes; and when he
says he bears witness to what he has not seen, this means that he testifies
to the oneness of Allah, death, the Day of Judgement, Paradise, Hell, the
bridge over it named Sira, none of which he has seen. When he says he learns
by heart what is uncreated, this refers to the Holy Qur'an; when he says
that he recites salutations without ablution, this refers to reciting
salutations on the Prophet of Allah, which is permissible without ablution;
when he says he has for himself on earth what is not for Allah in the sky,
this refers to his wife, as He has no wife or children.' Umar then said, 'Umar
would have been lost had Ali not arrived.'" Ganji Shafi'i says that Umar's
statement is verified according to reports of most of the narrators of
hadith. The author of Manaqib says that Caliph Umar repeatedly said: "O
Abu'l-Hasan! (Ali). I would not be a part of a community without you." He
also said: "Women are unable to give birth to a child like Ali."
Muhammad Bin Talha Shafi'i in
his Matalibu's-Su'ul and Sheikh Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabiu'l-Mawadda,
Chapter 14, narrating from Tirmidhi, record a detailed report from Ibn Abbas
at the end of which he says: "The companions of the Prophet used to seek
religious judgments from Ali, and they accepted his decisions. Thus, Umar
Bin Khattab said on various occasions, 'If it were not for Ali, Umar would
have been ruined."
In religious matters and
learned discussions Umar showed no vehemence. On the contrary, he admitted
his own inability and acknowledged Ali as his refuge. Even Ibn Hajar Makki
in Chapter III of Sawa'iq Muhriqa, reporting from Ibn Sa'd, quotes Umar as
saying, "I seek Allah's help in deciding those difficult problems for which
Abu-l-Hasan (Ali) is not available."
In order to further support
Ali's superiority to Umar, we quote what your prominent ulema have said.
Nuru'd-din Bin Sabbagh Maliki in Fusulu'l-Muhimma; Muhammad Bin Talha
Shafi'i in Matalibu's-Su'ul; Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal in Musnad; Khatib
Khawarizmi in Manaqib; Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in Yanabiu'l-Mawadda, and many
others have written that on seventy occasions Umar said "If Ali had not been
there Umar would have been ruined."
Perhaps I may be allowed here
to quote a hadith from the second Caliph, Umar Ibn Khattab, which has been
reported by Hakim in Mustadrak, page 125, by Sulayman Balkhi in
Yanabiu'l-Mawadda chapter 56, page 210, and by others, like Imam Ahmad Bin
Hanbal, Khatib Khawarizmi, Ibn Hajar, Suyuti, and Ibn Athir Jazri. He said:
"Verily, Ali Ibn Abi Talib possessed three outstanding merits. If I
possessed any one of them, it would have been better for me than red-haired
animals (camels): (1) The Prophet gave his daughter in marriage to him; (2)
The Prophet ordered that all the doors of the houses opening towards the
mosque be closed except the door of Ali's house; (3) The Prophet bestowed
upon him the flag (of Islam) on the day of the Battle of Khaibar."
It is reported by Mohib Tabari
in his Riyazun Nazrah, vol 2 page 170. Also Khawarazmi has reported it as
heard form Umar bin Khatab on sound and reliable authorities, that there
arose some dispute between Umar and some other man on a question. Imam Ali (a.s)
was sitting near about. Pointing to him, Umar told the man, "let us refer our
dispute to this worthy person, he will decide it between us." That man did
not know who Ali (a.s) was, and scornfully replied, "This man?" Sensing the
derisive slight implied in the tone in which it was spoken, Umar getting up
from his seat seized the man by the collar, and glaring at him with flashing
fire cried out:
"Do you know whom you have
insulted? He is my Maula and the Maula of each and every Muslim."
sayings regarding Ali
ZURAR'S CONVERSATION WITH
MU'AWIYA CONCERNING ALI
There are many examples of
Ali's rejection of the world. Ibn Abi'l-Hadid in his Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha,
Hafiz Abu Nu'aim Isfahani in Hilyatu'l-Auliya, vol. I, p.84, Sheikh Abdullah
Bin Amir Shabrawi Shafi'i in Kitabu'l-I'ttihad Bin Hubbi'l-Ashraf, p.8;
Muhammad Bin Talha in Matalibu's-Su'ul, p.33; Nuru'd-din Bin Sabbagh Maliki
in Fusulu'l-Muhimma, p.128; Sheikh Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in
Yanabiu'l-Mawadda, chapter 51; Sibt Ibn Jauzi in Tadhkira Khawasu'l-Umma at
the end of chapter 5, and many others of your accredited ulema and
historians have recorded in detail the conversation between Mu'awiya and
Zurar Bin Zumra. At the end of his talk with Mu'awiya, Zurar praised Ali in
these words: "On some occasions I have seen Ali at night when the stars were
scattered over the sky, holding his beard and writhing like one bitten by a
snake, crying as in intense pain, saying: 'O World! Deceive somebody else
instead of me. Do you fold me in your arms and are you fond of me? This
can't be. I have given you three divorces, after which union is not
possible. Your time is short lived, the fear you bring is great, and your
pleasure is very insulting. May Allah save us from the paucity of means of
travelling, the remoteness of the destination, and the perils of the way!'
Then Mu'awiya began to weep and said, 'May Allah be merciful to Abu'l-Hasan.
By Allah, he was just like that.' Mu'awiya also said, 'Women are unable to
beget a man like Ali Bin Abi Talib.'"
MU'AWIYA DEFENDING THE
POSITION OF ALI
Ibn Hajar Makki, a scholar
known for his intolerance writes in his Sawa'iq- -Muhriqa, ch. II, Maqsad V,
p. 110, under verse 14, that Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal has reported and also Mir
Seyyed Ali Hamadani in Mawaddatu'l-Qurba and Ibn Abi'l-Hadid in
Sharh-e-Nahju'l-Balagha have recorded that a man asked Mu'awiya a question.
Mu'awiya said: "Ask Ali about it since he is the most learned man." The Arab
said: "I prefer your answer to Ali's answer."
Mu'awiya said: "You have
uttered a very bad thing: you have rejected the man whom the Holy Prophet
himself trained and to whom he said: 'You have the same relation to me as
Aaron had to Moses, except that there shall be no prophet after me.
Moreover, whenever Umar was entangled in some difficult matter, he asked Ali
about it and sought his opinion.'"
This brings to mind the
saying: "Virtue is that to which even the enemy bears witness."
sayings regarding Ali
In Fajr Islam page 204 it is
written : The hostorian and biographers have attributed to him (Amr Ass)
certain verses which he composed while on route to Muawiya. In those verse
he has frankly stated his view about Ameerul Mominnen, Ali (a.s) and Muawiya.
The former had much merit in his eyes, while the latter was of a different
calibre to him. It appears he had two hearts in his breast. The one stood
for association with Ameerul Momineen, Ali (a.s). The other insisted that he
should go to Muawiya. He ends his verse thus:
"I have opted for the worldly
gain, knowingly, although there was no cogent reason for opting in favour of
the worldly gain. All the same I am impelled by the lust for the
multicoloured gains of this world."
In another place Amr Ass wrote
a letter to Muawiya, fearing to lose the deal with him and said :
"O Muawiya! Do not forget the
grant of the reward you have promised to me. Do not deviate from the path of
recititude. O the son of Hinda! We supported you, through ignorance, against
the most excellent of the mankind Ali (a.s)."
"What comparison can there be
between yourself and Ali (a.s)? Can there be any comparison between the
galaxy and the deep abyss of the earth?"
In the same book, it mentioned
that : After the battle of Siffeen on a certain occasion, Muawiya put the
following questions to his circle of supporters, "What is the most
surprising affair of all?"
The persons gathered there,
gave their individual opinions as they thought fit. When it came to be the
turn of Amr bin al-Ass, he said, "The most surprising affairs is that
falsehood should prevail over the truth."
To be continued..
One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out
afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment
or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came
and the Prophet accommodated him under the
cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the
cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered
her under the cloak, then Ali came and the
Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then
the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to
keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O'
People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you
a perfect purification (the last sentence of
In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are
the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit
for six or nine months, every day after
morning prayer he would passed by by the
door of Fatima's house and address them
with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL
BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir