Thaqalain - Part
From: "Mohammed Yusuf
Date: Sat, 18 Apr 1998
Today we continue with the Thaqalain Part
IMAM ALI (A.S) - (V)
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) also
said the following things about Ali:
The Prophetic tradition: Ali
is from me and I am from Ali and no one can discharge my duty except myself
This honourable tradition is
another clear indication that Imam Ali was only one whom the Messenger
authorized to discharge his duties. The Messenger said it on the day of the
great pilgrimage when he sent Ali with Surat Bara'a instead of Abu Bakr, who
came crying and asked, "O Messenger of Allah ! Reveal something for me." The
Messenger answered, "My Lord ordered me that nobody can discharge my duty
except myself or Ali."
Sunan, Ibn Majah, vol 1 p 44;
Khasais, al Nasai, p 20; Sahih, al Tirmidhi, vol 5 p 300; Jami al Usul, Ibn
Kathir, vol 9 p 471; al Jami al Saghir, al Suyuti, vol 2 p 56; al Riyadh al
Nadirah, Tabari, vol 2p 229
"You are from me, and I am
from you." Sahih, Bukhari, vol 1 p 76; Sahih, Tirmidhi, vol 5 p 300; Sunan,
Ibn Majah, vol 1 p 44.
"Loving Ali is believing, and
hating him is hypocrisy." Sahih, Muslim, vol 1 p 61; Sunan, al Nasai, vol 6
p 117; Sahih, al Tirmidhi, vol 8 p 306
"Ali is the master of all the
believers after me." Musnad, Ahmed Hanbal, vol 5 p 25; Mustadrak, Hakim,
vol 3 p 134; Sahih, al Tirmidhi, vol 5 p 296 and many others.
The Messenger of Allah (saw)
said, "He who insults Ali, insults me. He who insults me, insults Allah. And
he who insults Allah, Allah will throw him into Hell." If that is the
punishment for those who insult Ali, one wonders about the punishment of
those who fought him and ultimately killed him. What are our scholars'
opinions regarding all these facts, or are their hearts locked solid?! Say,
O God please protect us from the tricks of the devil. Mustadrak, hakim, vol
3 p 121; Khasais, al Nasai, p 24; Musnad, Ahmed Hanbal, vol 6 p 33; al
Manaqib, al Khawarizmi, p 81; al Riyadh al Nadira, Tabari, vol 2 p 219;
Tarikh, as Suyuti, p 73.
And the Messenger of Allah
said. "Ali is from me, and I am from Ali, and he is the master of every
believer after me." Sahih, al Tirmidhi, vol 5 p 296; Khasai's, al Nisai, p
87; Mustadrak, al Hakim, vol 3 p 110.
When the Holy Prophet returned
to Medina, Gabriel revealed the following: "And give to the near of kin his
due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander wastefully."
The Holy Prophet pondered the
significance of this revelation. Gabriel appeared again and informed him
that Allah had decreed: "Let Fadak be given to Fatima." The Holy Prophet
called Fatima and said: "Allah has commanded me to bestow Fadak as a gift to
you." So he immediately gave possession of Fadak to Fatima.
The chief of the commentators,
Ahmad Tha'labi in his Kashfu'l-Bayan; Jalalu'd-din Suyuti in his Tafsir,
vol. IV, reporting from Hafiz Ibn Mardawiyya; the famous commentator Ahmad
Bin Musa (died 352 A.H.) reporting from Abu Sa'id Khadiri and Hakim
Abu'l-Qasim Haskani; Ibn Kathir; Imadu'd-din Isma'il; Ibn Umar Damishqi;
Faqih-e-Shafi'i in his Ta'rikh, and Sheikh Sulayman Balkhi Hanafi in his
Yanabiu'l-Mawadda, ch. 39, reporting from Tafsir-e-Tha'labi, Jam'u'l-Fawa'id
and Uyunu'l-Akhbar- all narrate that when the verse "and give to the near of
kin his due"
was revealed, the Holy Prophet
of Allah called Fatima and bestowed the great Fadak upon her as a gift.
Accordingly, so long as the Holy Prophet lived, Fadak remained in Fatima's
possession. That exalted lady leased the land; its revenue was collected in
three installments. Out of this amount she took enough money for food for
her and her children and distributed the rest to the poor people of Bani
Hashim. After the demise of the Holy Prophet, the officers of the ruling
caliph snatched this property from Fatima.
The Holy Prophet (saw)
sayings about his daughter Fatima (as)
From the books of Tareekh
Baghdad by Khateeb Baghdadi, Vol 5 page 86, Isaf Ar-raghebeen page 173 and
Suwaiqa Al-Muhariqa reported : "Fatima is a human huri, whenever I long for
paradise I kiss her."
From Nuzhat Al-Jaliss vol 2
page 222 reported : "Fatima is the true splendor."
Siratul Muwal and Dhakhaer Al-Uqbi
reported the Mother of Faithful, Khadija, may Allah be pleased with her,
saying : "Fatima used to speak when she was in her mother's womb; when she
was born, she fell on the ground in a prostrating position with her finger
Tirmidhi and Ibn Abdurabbeh in
Eqd Al-Farid, vol 2 page 3 reported Aisha saying : "I have not seen a person
more similar to the Prophet's (s.a.w) appearance, conduct, guidance and
speech whether sitting or standing than Fatima. When she enters, the
Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) stands up, kisses and welcome her, then takes her
hand and asks her to sit in his place.."
Tabrani in Kanzul Umal, vol 6
page 153 and Majma Al-Zawaed, vol 9 page 165 repoted Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
told Fatima (a.s) in the following: "Surely Allah has examined the dwellers
of Earth and has chosen your Father to be a Prophet, He then examined and
chose your husband, then He revealed to me that I give (you to him in)
marriage and appointed him as my successor."
Khawarzim in Maqtal Al-Hussain,
Asqalani in Lisan Al-Mizan, Tahdhib Al-Tahdhib, Qandouzi in Yanabi Al-Mawadah
and Nuzhat Al-Majalis that Anas Ibn Malik said: "The Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
was in the mosque when he said to Ali, 'Here is Gabriel informing me that
Allah gave Fatima to you in marriage, and made forty thousand angels to her
marriage. He also revealed to the Tree of Tuba to sprinkle them with gems,
rubies, jewelry and embellishments. When it had done this, the Huris rushed
to collect these gems, rubies, jewelry, and embellishments to exchange them
for gifts until the Day of Resurrection.'"
Mustadrak Al-Hakim, vol 3 page
154 and Khasaes An-Nisaee page 29, reported Aisha said : "(I declare) by
Allah that I have not seen anyone more beloved to Allah's Messenger than
Ali, or a woman on earth more beloved to him than his wife (Ali's wife,
Khasaes An-Nisaee, page 29,
Mustadrak Al-Hakim, vol 3 page 115 reported Buraida and Ubae also said: "The
most beloved to the Messenger of Allah from among women is Fatima and from
among men is Ali."
Mustadraka Al-Hakim, vol3 page
154; Tadhkirat Al-Bast page 175; Maqtal Al-Kharazmi, vol 1 page 54; Kefayat
At Talib, page 219; Kanzul Umal, vol 7 page 111 and Sawaiqa, page
105 reported from Ali who heard the Prophet say to Fatima : "Surely Allah is
angered when you are angered, and is pleased at your pleasure."
Al-Fusul Al-Muhammad, page
150, Nuzhat Al-Majalis vol 2 page 28 and Nur Al-Absar page 45 reported the
Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said to Fatima while holding her hands: "He who knows
this, knows her, and he who does not know her; she is part of me, she is my
heart and my spirit which is in my side, thus he who harms her harms me."
Sahih al- Bukhari, Muslim,
Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad, vol 4 page 328, Khasaes An-Nisaee page 35 reported
the Holy Prophet said : "Fatima is part of me, that which annoys her annoys
me, and harms me that which harms her."
Sahih Al- Bukhari, vol 2 p
206; Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v5, Traditions #61 and #111; Sahih
Muslim, section of virtues of Fatimah, v4, pp 1904-5 and Khasaes An-Nisaee
page 35 reported the the Messenger of Allah (saw) said : "Fatimah is part
of me, he who angers her angers me" .
According to al-Bukhari and
Muslim, the Messenger of Allah has testified that Fatimah is the best of
the ladies of the worlds: Read Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 4.819 narrated 'Aisha
: The Messenger of Allah said to Fatimah (who was crying at her father's
deathbed): "Are you not satisfied that you are the chief of all the ladies
of Paradise or the chief of all the believing women?"
Furthermore, Ibn Asakir, as
quoted in Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor that Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated: The
Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: Four women are the mistress of the worlds:
Mary, Asiya (the wife of Pharaoh), Khadija, and Fatimah. And the most
excellent one among them in the world is Fatimah."
In volume 4 of his collection,
al-Bukhari reported in "The Book of the Beginning of Creation" in "The
Chapter on The Virtue of Closeness to the Prophet (s.a.w)" that the Prophet
of Allah (s.a.w) said: "Fatima is the leader of the women of paradise". It
HASSAN (A.S) AND HUSSAIN (A.S)
(1) Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5,
p660, on the authority of Abu Sa'id and Hudhayfa; (2) Sunan Ibn Majah,
Introduction 8; (3) al-Tabarani, on the authorities of: Umar, Ali, Jabir,
Abu Hurayrah, Usamah Ibn Zaid, al-Baraa, Ibn 'Adi, and Ibn Masud; (4) al-Kubra,
by al-Nisa'I; (5) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, pp 62,82, v3, pp 3,64, v5,
p391; (6) Fada'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Hanbal, v2, p771, Tradition #1360; (7)
al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, pp 166,167; (8) Hilyatul Awliyaa, by Abu
Nu'aym, v5, p71 (9) Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p187; (10)
Tuhfatul Ashraf, by Lumzi, v3, p31; (11) Ibn Habban, as mentioned in al-Mawarid,
pp 551,553; (12) al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11,
section 3, p290; (13) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version,
Tdadition #6154 ;The Messenger of Allah said: "Al-Hasan and al-Husain are
the chiefs of the youth of Paradise and Fatimah is the chief of their
Sunan Ibn Majah; al-Mustadrak,
by al-Hakim, from Abu Hurairah; Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, as quited in:;
al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 3, p292 :
The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: "He who loves al-Hasan and al-Husain,
loved me, and he who makes them angry has made me angry."
(1) Sunan Abu Dawud al-Tilyasi,
v1, p232 (without mentioning Muhsin);
(2) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p774, Tradition #1365;
(3) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim,
v3, pp 165,168 (4) Kashf al-Astar, by al-Bazzar, v2, p416; (5) Ibn Habban,
as quoted in al-Mawarid, p551 (6) al-Tabarani, v3, p100; (7) Idhaah, Abdul
Ghani, from Salman al-Farsi; (8) al-Mu'jam, by al-Baghawi, as quoted in; (9)
al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 3, p292 : It
has been narrated in two wordings that: the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said:
"I named Hasan and Husain and Muhsin the names of the sons of Aaron (Haroon)
who were: Shubbar, Shubair, and Mushbir."
The third son of Lady Fatimah
(a.s) who was pre-named by the Prophet (s.a.w) as Muhsin, was miscarried
shortly after the demise of Prophet.
In Sahih Tirmidhi, per:;
Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tdadition #6156 that
Usamah ibn Zayd narrated: I went to the Prophet (s.a.w) one night about
something I required and he came out with something (I did not know what)
under his cloak. When I had finished telling him my business I asked him
what he had under his cloak, and when he opened it I saw al-Hasan and al-Husayn
on his hips. He then said, "These are my sons and my daughter's sons. O
Allah, I love them, so I beseech Thee to love them and those who love
In Sahih Tirmidhi, per:;-
Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tdadition #6158A that
Anas ibn Malik Narrated: When Allah's Messenger (saw) was asked which member
of his family was dearest to him, he replied, "Al-Hasan and al-Husain." He
used to say to Fatimah,
"Call my two sons to me," and
then would sniff and cuddle them.
al-Bukhari Narrated from Ibn
Abi Na'm:, I have heard Prophet saying: "They (Hasan and Husain) are my two
sweet-smelling flowers in this world." Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v8,
Again al-Bukhari narrated from
Ibn Abi Nu'm: A person asked Abdullah Ibn Umar whether a Muslim could kill
flies. I heard him saying (in reply): "The people of Iraq are asking about
the killing of flies while they themselves murdered the son of the daughter
of Allah's Apostle. The Prophet said, They (i.e. Hasan and Husain) are my
two sweet basils in this world." Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v5,
(1) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal,
v4, p172; (2) Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Hanbal, v2, p772, Tradition
#1361; (3) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p 177; (4) Amali, by Abu Nu'aym
al-Isbahani, p 64; (5) al-Kuna wal Asmaa, by al-Dulabi, v1, p88; (6) al-Tabarani,
v3, p21; (7) Adab by al-Bukhari, also al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, as quoted
in: (8) al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 3,
p291 (9) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Nawawi, English Version, Tdadition #6160,
it is narrated that:: The Messenger of Allah said: "Husain is from me and I
am from Husain."
The last part of the above
tradition probably means that Imam Husain (AS), by sacrificing himself and
his family, preserved the religion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF) from full
Narrated Anas Ibn Malik said:
"The head of al-Husain was brought to Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyad and was put in a
tray, and then Ibn Ziyad started playing with a stick at the nose and mouth
of al-Husain's head, and saying something about his handsome features." Anas
then said (to him): "Al-Husain resembled the Prophet more than any other
people." Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v5, Tradition #91
To be continued..
One day the Prophet (PBUH&HF) came out
afternoon wearing a black cloak (upper garment
or gown; long coat), then al-Hasan Ibn Ali came
and the Prophet accommodated him under the
cloak, then al-Husain came and entered the
cloak, then Fatimah came and the Prophet entered
her under the cloak, then Ali came and the
Prophet entered him to the cloak as well. Then
the Prophet recited: "Verily Allah intends to
keep off from you every kind of uncleanness O'
People of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), and purify you
a perfect purification (the last sentence of
In addition to what the Prophet (saw) said who are
the real “Ahlul Bait”, he made the habit
for six or nine months, every day after
morning prayer he would passed by by the
door of Fatima's house and address them
with greeting as these are "MY AHLEL
BAIT" and recite this verse of tat-hir