Ali(a.s.) - the 1st Holy Imam
Ameer al-Momineen, Haider-e-Karrar,
Sher-e-Khuda, Mushkil Kusha
Abu Turab, al-Murtaza
Hazrat Abu Talib(a.s.)
Bibi Fatima bint-e-Asad(a.s.)
Inside Khana-e-Kaaba in Makkah on 13th
Rajab (600 A.D.)
In Masjid-e-Kufa in Iraq on 21st Ramzan 40
A.H. (661 AD)
Cause of Death/Buried :
Hit by an attach during prayers and buried
in Najaf-e-Ashraf (Iraq)
Period of childhood:
The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) stayed with his
parents. Since it was Allah's(swt) will for him to gain more perfection,
therefore, the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) from the beginning of his birth
took care of his indirect education. Untill an unsual famine occurred in
Mecca. Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.) the uncle of the Prophet(pbuh&hf) having many
children faced a heavy living expense. The honoured Prophet (pbuh&hf) with
the consultation of his uncle Hazrat Abbas(a.s.), came to agreement that
each one of them take one of the children of Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.) with him
as to make a relief for Hazrat Abu-Taleb(a.s.). Therefore Hazrat Abbas(a.s.)
took Jaffar and the Prophet(pbuh&hf) took Imam Ali(a.s.) to his house. In
this way the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was completely besides the Prophet(pbuh&hf).
Imam Ali(a.s.) was always accompanying the Prophet(pbuh&hf) even when the
Prophet(pbuh&hf) would leave the town and go to the mountain and desert.
Appointment of the
Prophet(pbuh&hf) and the Holy Imam Ali (a.s.):
One of the virtues of the Holy Imam
Ali(a.s.) is that he is the first one to testify the Prophethood of Prophet
Mohammad(pbuh&hf). Ibn Abeel Al-Hadeed says related to this : Know that
among the great , big and scholastic theologians of the Mutazilites there is
no dispute that Ali bin Abee-Taleb is the first person to believe in Islam;
and to support the messenger of God.
The Holy Imam
Ali(a.s.) the first supporter to the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) :
After the revelation of Allah(swt), the
selection of the Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) for prophethood and the three
years of secret preaching, finally, the messenger of revelation arrived and
the order for public preaching was given. At this juncture, the Holy Imam
Ali(a.s.) was the only testifier of the Prophet(pbuh&hf); And was the only
companion and sympathetic to his holiness in the invitation arranged to
acquainte his relatives to Islam and to call them to the religion of
Allah(swt). In this invitation the Prophet(pbuh&hf) asked the people
present: "who is among you to help me in this way so to be my brother,
successor and representative among you". Only Imam Ali(a.s.) answered : "O
Prophet of Allah, I will support you in this way". The Prophet(pbuh&hf)
after three times repeating the question and hearing the same answer said :
O my relatives; Know that Ali(a.s.) is my brother , successor and Caliph
after me among you. Of the other glories of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) is his
perfect courage in sleeping in the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) bed , therefore,
nullifing the plot of the idol- worshipers to kill the Prophet(pbuh&hf); And
, furthermore, prepared the ground for the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) migration.
After the migration of his the
Prophet(pbuh&hf) and Imam Ali(a.s.) to Madina, we explain two examples of
the virtues of Imam Ali (a.s.):
1- Sacrifice and endangering in the field of struggle His presence in 26
battles of the 27 battles of the prophet (p) and participation in different
expeditions are of the glories and virtues of his holiness.
2- Registering (keeping) and writing the revelation [the Holy Quran]:
Writing the revelation, organizing (arranging) many of the historical and
political documents and writing propagational and invitation letters, both
in Makkah and Madina, And for this reason he is considered one of the
writers of the revelation and memorizers of the Quran.
It was in this period that the
Prophet(pbuh&hf) issued the decree of Muslim brotherhood, concluded the
contract of brotherhood with the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and said to him: "You
are my brother in this world and in the here after, swearing by Allah who
has appointed me with the truth. I choose you as my brother, a brotherhood
that is to the extent of both worlds". The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) the
son-in-law of the Prophet(pbuh&hf):
The pond of Khom :
In the last Year of the Prophet's (pbuh&hf)
life, after finishing the rituals of piligrammage and when returning in a
place called the Khom pond close to Johfa , he ordered to stop, because the
revelation commanded the Prophet(pbuh&hf) to complete his message. After the
noon prayer the Prophet(pbuh&hf) went up the (mimbar) pulpit of the camels'
saddles and said: "O people, it is soon that I answer the call of Allah and
go from among you. what do you think about me". People said: "we witness
that you have propagated the religion of Allah". Prophet(pbuh&hf) said:"
Don't you witness that there is no God but the one God and Mohammad is his
slave and messenger". People said:"Yes, we witness". Then the Prophet(pbuh&hf)
raised the hand of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and said: "O People! among the
believers who is more worthy than them selves. People said : "God and his
prophet know better". Then the Prophet(pbuh&hf) said:" O People, Allah is my
master, I am your master and of whomever I am the master and leader, Ali is
his master and leader as well. And repeated this sentence three times. then
the people congratulated this selection to the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) and swore
allegience to him.
The Holy Imam
Ali(a.s.) after the death of the honoured Prophet(pbuh&hf) :
After the death of the honoured
Prophet(pbuh&hf) because of special conditions that had arised, the Holy
Imam Ali(a.s.) withdrew from the scene of the society and choose silence; He
neither participated in any struggle nor spoke officially in the society .
He put the sword in the sheath and engaged with individual duties and
educating the individuals.
Activities of the
Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) in this period were briefly as follows :
1- Interpretation of the Quran, solving
religious problems and decreeing the rule of incidents that didn't have a
resemblance along the 23 Years of the Prophet's (pbuh&hf) life.
2- Answering to questions of scholars from other religions and other towns.
3- Expressing the rule for many of the new events which didn't occur
previously in Islam.
4- Solving the problems when the caliphate system faced dead ends in
political matters and some other problems.
5- Educating and raising a group who had pure conscience and prepared soul
for spiritual journey.
6- Work and strife to secure the life of many of the poor and disabled to
the extent that he would establish gardends and extract aqueducts and then
would give them as endowments in the way of Allah(swt).
Period of the
caliphate of the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.)
In the time of his aliphate many wars
occurred as Siffin, Jamal and Nahrawan which had specific consequences.
After the war of Nahrawan and the suppression of the Kharijites, some of the
Kharijities among whom was Abdul-Rahman bin Moljam Moradi and Barak bin
Abdulla Tameemi and Amr bin Bakr-tameemi in one of the nights got together
and considered the ciruimstances of that time the blood-sheds and civil wars
and remembered Nahrawan and their deads and finally reached to this
conclusion that the reason for this blood-shed and brothers killing are the
Holy Imam Ali(a.s.). Ibn Moljam undertook killing the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.)
and on the ninetheenth night of the month of Ramadan accompanied with some
stayed in the mosque of Kufa. That night the Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was a guest
of his doughter's and was aware of the morning accident. When he mentioned
this subject to his daughter, Umm-e-Kulsoom said: Tomorrow send Joada to the
mosque. The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) said: It is not possible to escape the Godly
decree, then he fastened his belt and while humming these two verses he went
to the mosque. Fasten your back firmly for death Because death will meet you
and when death comes to you don't fear or scream While the Holy Imam Ali (a.s.)
was in prostation, Ibn Moljam hit him with the sword on his forehead and
blood from his holiness head streamed in the altar and blood dyed his
honoured beard. In this condition his holiness said: I swear by the Allah of
Kaaba that I was successful. Then related verse 55 from soora Taha:
From it we created you and into it we
shall send you back and from it we raise you a second time.
The Holy Imam Ali(a.s.) was at his last
moment of his life still thinking of the welfare and happiness of the
peoples adviced his chidlren relatives and all the Muslims saying : I advice
you of piety and to organize your deeds and always think of causing
reconciliation among the Muslims. Don't forget the orphans, regard the
rights of the neighbours. Make Quran the practical programme for yourself.
Respect (honour) praying because it is the pillar of your religion. The Holy
Imam Ali (a.s.) attained martyrdom on the 21 st of the month of Ramadan and
was burried in Najaf in Iraq. His shrine became the tryst for the lovers of
the truth and reality.